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”This presentation may contain statements that express management’s expectations about future events or results rather than historical facts. These forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those projected in forward-looking statements, and CVRD cannot give assurance that such statements will prove correct. These risks and uncertainties include factors: relating to the Brazilian economy and securities markets, which exhibit volatility and can be adversely affected by developments in other countries; relating to the iron ore business and its dependence on the global steel industry, which is cyclical in nature; and relating to the highly competitive industries in which CVRD operates. For additional information on factors that could cause CVRD’s actual results to differ from expectations reflected in forward-looking statements, please see CVRD’s reports filed with the Brazilian Comissão de Valores Mobiliários and the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.”


  • Highlights

  • Delivering profitable growth

  • A good business outlook is supported by the long cycle



  • An outstanding performance.

  • Fundamentals better than they have been in many years. Current cycle is one of the strongest since late 19th century.

  • Good strategy execution is allowing us to explore growth opportunities wisely.

  • Disciplined capital management creates highly competitive growth platforms and high return on invested capital.

  • Powerful cash flow and good financial policy generate a healthier balance sheet.

Delivering profitable growth

Sales in a strong growth path

  • An all-time high revenue, US$ 2.3 billion, with qoq growth (12.5%) mostly driven by larger volumes (71%).

In 000’ tons


million of ntk

Ferrous minerals accounted for 69% of revenues. China is an important growth driver, but accounts for only 11% of revenues

9M04 Gross Revenues: US$ 6.051 billion

By product

By geography

Iron ore and pellets shipments reached an all-time high in 3Q04

million tons














CAGR 00-04E = 9.7%

CVRD railroads transported a record volume of general cargo for clients

Billion of ntk

CAGR 00-04E = 9.8%

Adjusted EBIT reaches a new quarterly record

Operational excellence across-the-board

adjusted EBIT margin by business area

An outstanding earnings performance among main metals and mining companies reporting quarterly

Market Capas of September 30, 2004 US$ billion

3Q04 Net EarningsUS$ million

Source: Bloomberg LP and company reports

To stay at the lowest end of the industry cost curve is key to weather the downcycle and to leverage the upcycle

Net earnings

US$ million

Despite the BRL appreciation against the USD, quarterly cash generation hits the one billion dollar mark. Ten quarters of consecutive growth

LTM adjusted(2) EBITDAUS$ billion

Investments are changing CVRD profile: cash flow became much more powerful and generated from a more diversified set of sources

Sources of cash generation

1Q02 Adjusted EBITDA

3Q04 Adjusted EBITDA

US$ 397 million

US$ 1.007 billion

Capex reached US$ 1.27 billion in the first nine months of 2004, with four major projects delivered


US$ 1.270 billion

Main projects



Carajás 70 Mt



Growth capex

US$ 798 million

On track

Fabrica Nova I

Carajás 85 Mt

Brucutu I



Alunorte 4&5

Paragominas I



Capim Branco I&II



US$ 472 million

Capital allocation discipline and good strategy execution spearheaded constantly high performance

Return on invested capital



Powerful cash generation allows CVRD to finance growth initiatives and to meet shareholders’ dividend expectations

2004 dividend

US$ 0.68 per share

Dividend growth



Balance sheet is improving continuously

A good business outlook is

supported by the long cycle

After growing at 5% per year, a 30-year high, global economy recovery reached a mature stage

Global PMI

Source: JPMorgan

We expect global GDP growth rate to stay above long-term trend in the near future

Global GDP growth


CAGR 1970 - 2003 = 3.6%

Source: IMF and CVRD

Some indicators are signalling that a Chinese soft landing is becoming more likely

Fixed asset investment

Bank credit



Source: CEIC

China’s GDP growth is slowly cooling down. We expect growth rate to converge to 7% per year

GDP growth

YoY %

Source: CEIC and CVRD

Apparent steel consumption is forecast to continue to grow faster than global GDP

CAGR 1974-94 = 0.0% - 1994-04E = 2.9%

CAGR 1974-94 = 7.9% - 1994-04E = 8.4%

Million tons





Source: IISI and CVRD

Global seaborne iron ore demand is expected to follow above long-term trend growth

Million tons

CAGR 1990-04E = 3.9%

CAGR 1990-04E = 20.7%





Source: CVRD

Aluminum inventories are dwindling as global demand is growing at almost 10% per year

Source: IAI, LME, Comex and Bloomberg

We expect global aluminum market to remain in deficit in 2005

000’ tons

Source: CRU and CVRD

The outlook for the next 12 months is for continuing tightness in the alumina market

Source: Metal Bulletin, LME and Bloomberg

Copper inventories continue to be depleted. Low inventories give support to next year’s prices

Source: Bloomberg

CVRD – A Global Leader


e-mail: [email protected]


Reconciliation of non-GAAP information and comparable GAAP information

  • (1) Adjusted EBIT (US$ million)3Q032Q043Q04

  • Net operating revenues1,4321,9202,173

  • COGS(812)(912)(1,053)

  • SG&A expenses(74)(106)(112)

  • Research and development(22)(27)(36)

  • Other Operating Expenses(23)(43)(86)

  • Operating income (Adjusted EBIT)501832886

  • (2) Adjusted EBITDA (US$ million)

  • Reconciliation between adjusted EBITDA vs. operating cash flow

  • Operating Cash Flow4357001,107

  • Income tax (41)41285

  • Monetary and Foreign Exchange Losses44(46)41

  • Financial Expenses6260113

  • Net Working Capital 140221(436)

  • Others(10)(5)(103)

  • Adjusted EBITDA6309711,007


Reconciliation of non-GAAP information and comparable GAAP information

  • (3) Gross Debt / LTM Adjusted EBITDA3Q032Q043Q04

  • Gross Debt / LTM Adjusted EBITDA (x) 2.151.551.34

  • Gross Debt / LTM Operating Cash Flow (x) 2.462.011.51

  • (4) LTM Adjusted EBITDA / LTM Interest Expense

  • LTM Adjusted EBITDA / LTM Interest Expenses (x)10.1512.9412.94

  • LTM Operating Profit / LTM Interest Expenses (X)8.0910.2610.64

  • (5) Gross Debt / Enterprise value

  • Gross Debt / Enterprise value (x)

  • Gross debt / Total assets (x)0.370.360.30

  • Enterprise Value = Market Capitalization + Net Debt

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