Br main
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 98

BR_MAIN PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 167 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

BR_MAIN. Before Reading. Global Reading. Detailed Reading. After Reading. 1. Word Web. 2. Warm-up Exercises. 3. A Quiz. 4. An English Song. 5. Background Information. Deer. Energy Crisis. Ecological System (Ecosystem). Before Reading_1_1. Before Reading. Global Reading.

Download Presentation

BR_MAIN

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Br main

BR_MAIN

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Word Web

2. Warm-up Exercises

3. A Quiz

4. An English Song

5. Background Information

Deer

Energy Crisis

Ecological System (Ecosystem)


Before reading 1 1

Before Reading_1_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Word Web

Directions: What words will occur to you whenever we mention the word “energy”?

Write down as many words as possible about it.

conservation of energy

energy crisis

energy resources

heat

nuclear energy

solar energy

ENERGY

atomic energy

wind

oil

gas

coal


Before reading 2 1 1

Before Reading_2_1.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Warm-up Exercises

Directions: Watch the video and write down the kinds of energy mentioned.

solar, chemical

Tips:

, wind, fossil,

flowing water

reaction,

nuclear

MICRO-HYDRO:

Small-scale systems tap the energy of flowing water. These are not to be confused with big dam projects which totally transform ecosystems, wreaking environmental havoc.


Before reading 2 1 2

Before Reading_2_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

WINDPOWER :

An ancient source undergoing a

revival with modern turbine technology

FOSSIL FUELS :

Derived from long-dead organic and

animal matter. Oil, coal, and natural gas

are all fossil fuels.


Before reading 2 1 3

Before Reading_2_1.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

SOLAR ENERGY:

The sun’s power can be harnessed in various ways: by using photovoltaic cells to generate electricity directly; by using thermal collectors to make steam to generate electricity; by using passive solar materials that maximize or retain the sun’s heat.

Biomass is vegetal or organic material - including dung and plants - and biofuels are the solid or liquid or gaseous fuels that derive from it. Wood, methane and alcohol are all biofuels.

BIOMASS:


Before reading 2 1 4

Before Reading_2_1.4

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

NUCLEAR ENERGY:

Currently produced by ”fission”. An atom is split - using uranium - and the heat produced drives steam turbines to generate electricity.


Before reading 3 1

Before Reading_3_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

A Quiz

Directions: Give each item in the quiz a number from 1 to 5, and add up the numbers

from the quiz to see How “Green” You Are?

1=always 2=often 3=sometimes 4=hardly ever 5=never

Do you ...?

( ) 1. avoid throwing things away if they can be reused, repaired or recycled

( ) 2. use recycled paper

( ) 3. recycle paper, glass, and cans

( ) 4. avoid products from nonrenewable sources

( ) 5. avoid buying overpackaged products

( ) 6. walk or use a bike when traveling short distances

( ) 7. use public transportation when traveling long distances

( ) 8. avoid using air-conditioning in the summer

( ) 9. try to make sure the heat isn’t turned up too high in the winter

( )10. use low-energy lightbulbs

( )11. turn off the lights when you leave a room

( )12. avoid using more water than you need


Before reading 3 2

Before Reading_3_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Tips: The interpretation of your quiz score is:

12-23

24-35

36-47

48-60


Before reading 4 1

Before Reading_4_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

An English Song

Directions: Listen to the song and fill in the blanks.

Green, Green Grass of Home

The old home town looks the same,

As I from the train.

And there to meet me is my mamma and my papa.

Down the road I look, and there runs Mary,

Hair of gold and lips like ,

It’s good to touch the .

Yes, they’ll all come to meet me, Arms a-reachin’, ,

It’s good to touch the green, green grass of home.

________

step down

_______

cherries

_______________________

green, green grass of home

_____________

smiling sweetly


Before reading 4 2

Before Reading_4_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

The old house is still standing,

Though the paint is .

And there's that old oak tree,

That I used to play on.

I’ll walk with my sweet Mary,

Hair of gold and lips like cherries.

It’s good to touch the green, green grass of home.

Then I around me,

At the four gray walls that surround me,

And I realize.

Yes I was ,

For there’s a guard and there’s a sad old padre,

we’ll walk at daybreak,

Again I’ll touch the green, green grass of home.

Yes they’ll all come to see me that old oak tree,

As they lay me meet the green, green grass of home.

_____________

cracked and dry

____________

Down the lane

_____________

awake and look

_____________

only dreaming

__________

Arm in arm

____________

in the shade of


Before reading 5 1

KEY

Before Reading_5_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Background Information

1. Deer

Directions: Listen to the following passage,write down the words you think

important, then retell the story according to what you’ve heard.

There are about 100 different kinds of deer. Some live in grasslands. Others live in forests. The female deer becomes pregnant annually in late autumn, producing one to three young in late spring or early summer. The normal lifespan is 15 to 20 years.


Before reading 5 2

Before Reading_5_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

2. Energy Crisis

Directions: Listen to the following passage,write down the words you’ve heard.

________

Energy crisis refers to a critical in the supply of energy-producing fuels, such as gas, oil, and . During the early 1970’s, the demand for petroleum increased, and Western countries depended heavily on imported . The situation became worse during the Arab-Israeli War of 1973, when the Arab nations

to the United States and other countries that Israel, causing an acute energy shortage in these countries during the winter of 1973 to 1974.

shortage

_____

coal

_______

sharply

_______

supplies

_______

reduced

oil production and embargoed oil shipments

________

supported


Before reading 5 3

Before Reading_5_3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

3. Ecological System (Ecosystem)

Directions: Read the following passage and fill in the blanks with the help of

the words given below.

  • effects ecosystem harmful insects

  • natural enemies factors drive away farmland lake multiply

A system is made up of a group of living organisms and their physical environment, and the relationship between them. A pond, a , a forest or an ocean may be an . An ecosystem includes such as food supply, weather and .

Any change in environment has far-reaching on living things. The clearing of a forest, for example, may birds and affect drainage (排水). Without birds to keep under control, the insects and may do serious damage to crops. Without trees to hold back rain water, erosion may set in and ruin .

____

lake

_________

ecosystem

_______

factors

_____________

natural enemies

______

effects

_________

drive away

_______

_____________

multiply

harmful insects

________

farmland


Globe reading main

Globe Reading_main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Scanning

2. Part Division of the Text

3. Further Understanding

For Part 1

Blank Filling

For Part 2

Questions and Answers

For Part 3

Questions and Answers


Globe reading 1

Globe Reading_1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Scanning

Directions: Scan the text and discuss in pairs, list the facts about the life of deer

in four seasons.

1. Summer:

eat as much as they can, storing the excess in the form of fat; active in growing, reproducing or storing fat

adult males: grow antlers and get fat

adult females: give birth to young; produce milk

fawns: become less dependent on their mother’s milk andbegin to

search for growing plants as food

2. Fall:

continue to eat high quality food in order to deposit fat for the winter

3. Winter:

reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and lower their metabolism; use the reserves of fat to survive the cold winter

4. Spring:

become active again


Global reading 2

Global Reading_2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Part Division of the Text

Parts

Lines

Main Ideas

It is energy, not love or money, that makes the world go round.

1

1~6

2

Take the deer as an example to explain the life of wild animals round the year and how they can survive during the hard times in winter.

7~70

Life depends on energy, thus the cycle continues.

71~74

3


Globe reading 3 1

Globe Reading_3.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Blank Filling

Directions: Read the first part of the text carefully, then fill in the blanks.

go round

________

Some persons say that love makes the world . Others of a less romantic and more practical say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is that makes the world go round. Energy is the of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is energy, which is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life

__________

turn of mind

______

energy

currency

_______

____________

______

converted into

in turn

________.

depends


Globe reading 3 2 2

Globe Reading_3.2.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Questions and Answers

1. How do wild animals survive the hard times in winter?

They eat as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and the fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during the hard times in winter when food is scarce.

2. What is the best time for milk production?

The best milk production occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available.

3. What is the use of fat deer accumulate in summer and fall?

Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes are difficult to reach because of deep snow.

4. What changes take place in deer when winter draws near?

Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker.


Globe reading 3 2 3

Globe Reading_3.2.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

5. What further safeguard does nature provide to help deer survive the winter?

They have an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy.

6. What changes take place in deer’s behavior when they lower their metabolism?

Their behavior changes from more activities in summer and fall to less as winter progresses.

7. What will happen to deer if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for a long time?

Some will die.

8. What is the fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals?

Only the largest and strongest are likely to survive - the survival of the fittest.


Globe reading 3 3

Globe Reading_3.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Questions and Answers

What conclusion does the author supply?

Life depends on energy, and thus the cycle continues.


Article s

Article_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Is there anything we can learn from deer? During the “energy crisis” of 1973-1974 the writer of this essay was living in northern Minnesota and was able to observe how deer survive when winter arrives. The lessons he learns about the way deer conserve energy turn out applicable to our everyday life.


Article1 s

Article1_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article2 s

Article2_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article3 s

Article3_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter.In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.


Article4 s

Article4_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain


Article5 s

Article5_S

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.


Article6

Article6

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Yes, life — and death, too — is a cycle that goes round and round, and when animals die their bodies become food for other life forms to use by converting them into energy.

And the cycle continues.


Article1 w

Article1_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article2 w

Article2_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article3 w

Article3_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter. In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.


Article4 w

Article4_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain


Article5 w

Article5_W

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.


Article1 s pop others of

Article1_S_pop_Others of…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

1. What does the sentence mean?

Other people who are more practical say that it is money not love that makes the world go around.

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

另一些并不那么罗曼蒂克而更为注重实际的人则说,不是爱情,而是金钱。

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 s pop energy

Article1_S_pop_Energy…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

Translate the sentence into Chinese.

能量是生态系统的货币,只有当食物转变为能量,能量再用来获取更多的食物以供生长、繁殖和生存,生命才成为可能。

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 s pop it is

Article1_S_pop_It is …

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

1. What does “the time of plenty” mean?

When there are plenty of food supply, such as summer and fall.

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

2. What is the grammatical function of “eating …, storing …, and

then using …” ?

They are paralleled phrases used as objects of preposition “by”.

3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

差不多众所周知,野生动物得以年复一年地生存下去,主要依靠在夏秋生长旺季尽量多吃,将多余的部分以脂肪的形式储存起来,然后到了冬天食物稀少的艰难时期,就用这些储备的脂肪来维持生命。

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article2 s pop a good

Article2_S_pop_A good…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

Paraphrase this sentence.

A good example of what is being talked about is the white-tailed deer.

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article2 s pop a physically

Article2_S_pop_A physically …

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

  • What does “a physically mature female deer in good condition”

  • mean in this sentence?

It refers to a healthy and adult or fully-grown deer.

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

2. What is the grammatical function of “not only to … but also

to …”?

These two infinitive phrases are used as adverbials of purpose.

3. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

一只成熟健壮的母鹿,在十一月份怀胎,五月底或六月初生下两只幼鹿,这时,它必须寻找食物以获得必要的能量,这不仅是为了满足自身的需要,而且也是为了给幼鹿生产乳汁。

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article2 s pop this is

Article2_S_pop_This is…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

Paraphrase this sentence.

It is well-chosen time, because producing milk is a process of using up energy and it also needs a lot of food.

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article3 s pop both males

Article3_S_pop_Both males…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter.In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

1. What does “high quality food” refer to?

“High quality food” here refers to nutritious food - food containing many of the substances needed for life and growth.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

在秋天,雄鹿和雌鹿都继续进食高质量食物,贮存体内脂肪,以备过冬。

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.


Article3 s pop in the case

Article3_S_pop_In the case…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter.In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

Can you use another phrase to say “in the case of”?

When we talk about / In terms of does and fawns …

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.


Article3 s pop the change

Article3_S_pop_The change…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter.In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

1. Why is it so?

Hair becomes the longest and thickest by November and December so as to protect them from the coldness of the winter.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

毛皮的变化通常持续到九月。到十一月或十二月天气变冷时,毛长得最厚。

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.


Article4 s pop but in addition

Article4_S_pop_But in addition …

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

What is the meaning of this sentence?

Deer have another natural means of protection against the threat of the cold winter.

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain


Article4 s pop an internal physiological

Article4_S_pop_an internal physiological …

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

1. What are the signs of “an internal physiological response”?

The deer becomes somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

体内生理机能作相应调节,放慢新陈代谢,即生理活动的速度,从而降低能量的消耗。

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain


Article5 s pop drive only

Article5_S_pop_Drive only…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.

Why should people drive only when necessary?

The United States is called a country on wheels. Before the “energy crisis” of 1973 - 1974, gasoline was very cheap in the U.S. and Americans used to drive everywhere, whether it was a coast-to-coast journey or a short trip to the store round the corner. During the “crisis” gasoline was rationed and many people walked, biked or skated to work.


Article5 s pop put on

Article5_S_pop_Put on…

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.

1. What is a thermostat? Why should people turn the thermostat down?

The thermostat is an appliance used to heat a house. By turning the thermostat on one’s furnace down, one can save electricity (energy) and money as well.

2. Translate the sentence into Chinese.

多穿衣服好保暖,并请调低锅炉上的恒温器。


Article1 w turn of mind

Article1_W_turn of mind

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

turn of mind: adj. a characteristic tendency or way of thinking

He has an optimistic turn of mind.

因为他的想法奇怪,行为也和别人极为不同。

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

With a very peculiar turn of mind, he behaves very differently from anyone else.

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 w convert into

Article1_W_convert into

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

convert into:

1) change into

One last effort converted defeat into victory.

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

The hotel has been converted into an office building.

2) cause (a person) to change his beliefs, etc.

他们已经改信佛教。

They have converted to Buddhism.

Collocation:

(使)改变; 改变原来对……的信仰

convert from

convert to

改信……

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 w in turn

Article1_W_in turn

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

in turn:

1) in due course or succession

He that shuts Love out, in turn shall be shut out from Love. (Tennyson)

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

将爱拒之门外的人,反过来会被爱拒之门外。(丁尼生)

2) one after another

He has applied for various positions in turn as an agent, an accountant and a sales manager.

我们依次看望了每一个老朋友。

We visited each old friend in turn.

Collocation:

by turns

轮流地;交替地

out of turn

不依照顺序地

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known

take a turn

起变化

at the turn (of the century)

在(世纪) 交替时期


Article1 w excess

Article1_W_excess

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

excess: n.

1) the part that is more than necessary

An excess of enthusiasm is not always a good thing.

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

饮食中脂肪过量能导致心脏病。

An excess of fat in one’s diet can lead to heart disease.

2) going beyond the normal or accepted limits

Luggage in excess of 100 kg will be charged extra.

暴饮暴食无益于健康。

Excess at table is seldom healthful.

3) behavior that goes too far; violence

He drinks to excess.

他的过分行为导致了离婚。

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known

His excesses led to the divorce.

Collocation:

in excess of

超过

to excess

过度;过量


Article1 w reserve1

Article1_W_reserve1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

reserve:

1. n.

1) sth. kept for later use

有些动物在秋季储备大量的食物,以防冬季挨饿。

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

Some animals keep a great reserve of food in fall to keep from starving in winter.

To make full use of vast reserves of talent is of great importance.

2) a piece of land kept for a (stated) purpose

Laws and regulations are made to protect the wildlife reserves.

他在自然保护区拍了很多狮子的照片。

He took a lot of photos of the lions in the nature reserves.

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 w reserve2

Article1_W_reserve2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

2. vt. keep for special purpose

I reserve Mondays for tidying my desk and answering letters.

这些座位是留给贵宾的。

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

These seats are reserved for special guests.

Collocation:

in reserve

被留待后用

without reserve

毫无保留地,无条件地

CF:

reserve, preserve & conserve

这三个动词均有“保持,保存”之意。

reserve正式用词,指为了将来的用途或其他用途而保存、保留。

preserve主要指为防止损害、变质等而保存。

conserve一般指保存自然资源,保全人的精力、力量等。

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 w reserve3

Article1_W_reserve3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

Directions:

Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

1. You can meat or fish in salt.

2. If you get there early, me a seat.

3. People tried to keep the thermostat lower to energy.

4. It is one of the duties of the police to public order.

5. I’m not being lazy - I’m just my strength for later.

6. I judgment on this issue until we have more

information.

________

preserve

_______

reserve

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

________

conserve

________

preserve

_________

conserving

_______

reserve

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 w scarce1

Article1_W_scarce1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

scarce: adj.

1) insufficient to meet a demand or requirement; short in supply

Fresh vegetables were scarce during the drought.

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

第二次世界大战期间,黄油奇缺,要定量配给。

During World War II, butter was scarce and was rationed.

2) not easy to find or obtain; rare

Food and clean water were becoming scarce.

这书现在很难找到。

This book is now scarce.

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article1 w scarce2

Article1_W_scarce2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Deer and the Energy Cycle

Aaron N. Moen

CF:

scarce, rare & uncommon

这三个形容词均含“稀罕的,很少发生”之意。

scarce 指暂时不易发现、不存在或数量不足,供不应求的东西。

Some persons say that love makes the world go round. Others of a less romantic and more practical turn of mind say that it isn’t love; it’s money. But the truth is that it is energy that makes the world go round. Energy is the currency of the ecological system and life becomes possible only when food is converted into energy, which in turn is used to seek more food to grow, to reproduce and to survive. On this cycle all life depends.

rare 指难得发生的事或难遇见的人或事,侧重特殊性。

uncommon指一般不发生或很少发生的事情,故显得独特、异常与例外。

Directions:

Fill in the blanks with the words above.

1. It’s not for people to become ill when they travel.

2. It was wartime and food was .

3. The museum is full of and precious treasures.

4. Good food is in winter, and costs a lot.

5. Accidents due to failure of safety equipment are

nowadays.

_________

uncommon

______

scarce

____

rare

______

scarce

__________

uncommon

It is fairly well known that wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can during times of plenty, the summer and fall, storing the excess, usually in the form of fat, and then using these reserves of fat to survive during

the hard times in winter when food is scarce. But, it is probably less well known


Article2 w a good case in point

Article2_W_a good case in point

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

a good case in point: a good example of what is being talked

about

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

He is rather selfish. His unwillingness to help his brother is a good case in point.

Lack of communication causes serious problems and their marriage is a case in point.

Collocation:

in case

以防;如果;倘若

in case of

倘使

in any case

无论如何

in no case

决不

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article2 w mature

Article2_W_mature

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

mature: adj.

1) fully grown and developed

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

A monkey is mature in the age of 5 to 7.

果实已经成熟了。

The fruits are mature.

2) typical of a fully developed mind,

controlled feelings, etc.; sensible

He is quite politically mature.

这孩子的判断力随着她年龄的增长而变得成熟。

The child’s judgment matures as she grows older.

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article2 w conceive

Article2_W_conceive

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

conceive: vt.

1) become pregnant with (young)

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

Our first child was conceived in March and born in December.

2) form (an idea, plan, etc.) in the mind; think of; imagine

We never conceived that there are such beautiful lakes until we came here.

她认为这样做是她的职责。

She conceived it her duty to do so.

NB:

conceive 还可以作不及物动词,构成短语 “ conceive of(构想出,设想)”,例如:

Can you conceive of such cruelty?

It is difficult to conceive of a plan to poverty.

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article2 w give birth to

Article2_W_give birth to

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

give birth to: bear, bring forth, produce

The town has given birth to quite a few great men.

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

克林顿一案引起了全国范围的一场争论。

Clinton’s case gave birth to a dispute all over the country.

Collocation:

give credit to

相信;称赞;

give ear / eye to

仔细听或看;

give effect to

使实行;使实现;

give place to

让位于;为……所替代

give way to

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.

向……让步;让位于


Article2 w meet

Article2_W_meet

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

meet: vt. satisfy

Does that meet your hopes?

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

这条新马路实现了人们多年的愿望。

This new road meets a long-felt need.

Collocation:

make (both) ends meet

使收支平衡

meet the need of

满足……需要

meet with

(偶尔)遇见,遭受

meet up with

结识(某人),赶上(某人)

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article2 w consume

Article2_W_consume

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

that even with their stored fat, wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer.

consume: vt. eat or drink; use; use up

The man consumed the majority of his life in searching for his missing son.

A good case in point is the white-tailed deer. Like most wildlife, deer reproduce, grow, and store fat in the summer and fall when there is plenty of nutritious food available. A physically mature female deer in good condition who has conceived in November and given birth to two fawns during the end of May or first part of June, must search for food for the necessary energy not only to meet her body’s needs but also to produce milk for her fawns. The best milk production

This car consumes a smaller amount of gas.

occurs at the same time that new plant growth is available. This is good timing, because milk production is an energy consuming process — it requires a lot of food. The cost can not be met unless the region has ample food resources.


Article3 w deposit

Article3_W_deposit

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter. In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

deposit: vt. put or store for safe keeping; keep (money) in a

bank

She deposited her bag in the cloakroom.

她刚刚把一大笔钱存到她的帐户上。

She had just deposited a large sum of money in her account.

Collocation:

deposit … in

在……存储

把……交给……保管

deposit … with

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.


Article3 w expend1

Article3_W_expend1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter. In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

expend: vt. spend or use up

他们已经花了好几年的时间来解这道题。

They have expended years in working out the problem.

The students expended much care on their graduation papers.

CF:

expend, spend & cost

这三个动词均含“花费”之意。

expend 较正式用词,通常指为某一专门目的而花费大量金钱、时间或

精力。

spend 普通用词,与cost基本同义,但主语必须是人。

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.

cost 指花费时间、金钱、劳力等。其主语是物,而不能由人充当,也

不用被动形式。


Article3 w expend2

Article3_W_expend2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter. In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

Directions:

Fill in the blanks with the words above. Change the form where necessary.

1. Governments a lot of resources on war.

2. It a lot to buy a house in this part of London.

3. I don’t know how I managed to so much in the pub last

night.

4. They all their strength in trying to climb out.

5. Don’t such a lot of time in dressing yourself.

6. Her irresponsible behaviour her father many sleepless

nights.

7. You so much effort for so little return.

_______

expend

_____

costs

______

spend

_________

expended

______

spend

____

cost

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.

_______

expend


Article3 w accumulate

Article3_W_accumulate

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter. In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

accumulate: v. make or become greater in number or quantity;

collect or gather little by little

He quickly accumulated a large fortune.

他的人生道路上不幸接着不幸。

Misfortunes accumulated on his life path.

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.


Article3 w draw on

Article3_W_draw on

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter. In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

draw on: make use of; secure funds from

His latest novel draws heavily on his experience in the army.

政府决定动用它的黄金储备来度过财政危机。

The government decided to draw on its gold reserves to get over the financial crisis.

Collocation:

draw apart

越离越远

draw aside

拉到一边

draw away

拉开距离

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.

draw off

排掉(水等);脱去

draw out

开出,取出存款


Article3 w spot

Article3_W_spot

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

spot:

1. n.

1) a usually round area on a surface differing sharply in color

from the rest

As the summer progresses and the fawns grow, they become less dependent on their mother’s milk and more dependent on growing plants as food sources. The adult males spend the summer growing antlers and getting fat. Both males and females continue to eat high quality food in the fall in order to deposit body fat for the winter. In the case of does and fawns, a great deal of energy is expended either in milk production or in growing, and fat is not accumulated as quickly as it is in full grown males. Fat reserves are like bank accounts to be drawn on in the winter when food supplies are limited and sometimes difficult to reach because of deep snow.

豹跟虎哪一个身上有斑点?

Which has spots, the leopard or the tiger?

2) a popular place or area, especially a pleasant place where

you spend time

This looks like a nice spot for a picnic.

这座古城有许多可供参观的名胜。

There are a lot of spots to visit in the old city.

As fall turns into winter, other changes take place. Fawns lose their spotted coat. Hair on all the deer becomes darker and thicker. The change in the hair coats is usually complete by September and maximum hair depths are reached by November or December when the weather becomes cold.

2. v. to have small round marks or small pieces of something

on the surface

这种墨水会造成擦洗不掉的污渍。

The ink spots permanently.


Article4 w internal

Article4_W_internal

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

internal: adj. of the inside of the body; within a particular country

or organization

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

The bleeding must be coming from an internal injury.

No country has the right to interfere in the internal affairs of another country.

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain


Article4 w rate1

Article4_W_rate1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

rate: n. the speed at which something happens or changes

His pulse-rate dropped suddenly.

按你这样的工作速度, 你绝对做不完。

At the rate you work, you’ll never finish.

CF:

speed, rate& pace

这三个名词均含“速度、速率”之意。

speed 普通用词,指单位时间内行进的固定速度或速率,也指可能达到

的最高速度。

rate作“速度”讲时,与speed同义,可换用。作速率解时,指相对增长

的速度,也指两种相比较而得出的标准速度。

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain

pace 普通用词,指步行的速度,常引申指活动的进度或生产率。


Article4 w rate2

Article4_W_rate2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

Directions:

Fill in the blanks with the words above.

1. Could you slow down a bit - I can’t keep with you.

2. The car has a top of 155 miles per hour.

3. I don’t like the of modern life.

4. You should lower your as you approach a junction.

5. The taxi was going at a tremendous .

pace

_____

______

speed

_____

pace

______

speed

____

rate

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain


Article4 w somewhat

Article4_W_somewhat

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

somewhat: adv. more than a little but not very

The resort has changed somewhat over the last few years.

She’s somewhat more confident than she used to be.

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain


Article4 w abundant

Article4_W_abundant

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

abundant: adj. more than enough

Small as it is, this country has abundant supplies of oil and natural gas.

中国自然资源丰富。

China has abundant natural resources.

CF:

abundant & plentiful

这两个形容词均有“充分的、丰富的”之意。

abundant

着重某物极为丰富或有大量的供应。例如:

We have abundant proof of his guilt.我们有充分的证据证

明他有罪。

Courage was abundant among the volunteers. 志愿人员

都勇气十足。

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain

plentiful

普通用词,指某物的数量多得称心如意,不过剩,但较少用于

描写抽象之物。例如:

Eggs are plentiful at the moment.现在鸡蛋很多。


Article4 w progress

Article4_W_progress

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

But in addition, nature provides a further safeguard to help deer survive the winter — an internal physiological response which lowers their metabolism, or rate of bodily functioning, and hence slows down their expenditure of energy. The deer become somewhat slow and drowsy. The heart rate drops. Animals that hibernate practice energy conservation to a greater extreme than deer do. Although deer don’t hibernate, they do the same thing with their seasonal rhythms in metabolism. Deer spend more energy and store fat in the summer and fall when food is abundant, and spend less energy and use stored fat in the winter when food is less available.

progress:

1. n. development or growth

Technological progress has been so rapid over the last few years.

恐怕我们这学期没有取得什么进步。

I’m afraid we’re not making much progress this term.

2. vi. continue gradually

We started off talking about the weather and gradually the conversation progressed to politics.

When the “energy crisis” first came in 1973-1974, I was living with my family in a cabin on the edge of an area where deer spend the winter in northern Minnesota, observing the deer as their behavior changed from more activity in summer and fall to less

as winter progressed, followed by an increaseagain

As the war progressed more and more countries became involved.

Collocation:

progress nicely / well

进展很好

progress to

进展到


Article5 w melt

Article5_W_melt

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.

melt: v. (of sth. solid or hard) become liquid or very soft,

esp. as a result of heat

As the sun became warmer, the ice began to melt.

Melt the chocolate slowly so that it won’t burn.

热咖啡把糖溶化了。

The hot coffee melts the sugar.


Article5 w not every

Article5_W_not every

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.

not every: not each or all members of a group

Not every horse can run fast.

班上并非所有的学生考试都及格了。

Not every student in the class passed the examination.

NB:

Not every … / Both … not / Not all … / All … no所表达的意思不同。 一般来说,all, every 和both均用于肯定句中,因为它们都有各自的否定形式,即none, no和neither。但当这三个代词与否定词not连用时,表示部分否定,即“并非都(是)”的意思。not + always, not + and也表示部分否定。请看下面例子:

1. All is not lost. 并非一切都失去了。

2. All that glitters is not gold. 闪光的并非都是金子。

3.Not all criminals can be reformed. 并非所有的罪犯都能改造好。

4.Not every President is a leader. 并不是每一位总统都是领袖。

5.Everything is not perfect. 并非一切都是十全十美的。

6.Both the universities are not ideal. 这两所大学并非都很理想。


Article5 w productivity

Article5_W_productivity

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.

productivity:n. the ability or capacity to produce; productiveness

Productivity in the steel industry improved by 7% last year.

管理部门正在设法提高生产率。

The management is always seeking ways to increase working productivity.


Article5 w pull through

Article5_W_pull … through

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.

pull … through: survive or help (sb.) survive a period of danger or

crisis

We collected some money to pull him and his family through.

Finally the company was compelled to ask for a loan from the bank to pull through.

Collocation:

pull about

把……拖来拖去

pull apart

扯断,撕开

pull away

脱身,(汽车等)离开

pull back

撤回,改变主意

pull down

拉下,拆毁


Article5 w productivity1

Article5_W_productivity

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

in the spring as the snow melted. It was interesting and rather amusing to listen to the advice given on the radio:

“Drive only when necessary,” we were told. “Put on more clothes to stay warm, and turn the thermostat on your furnace down.” Meanwhile we watched the deer reduce their activity, grow a winter coat of hair, and reduce their metabolism as they have for thousands of years. It is biologically reasonable for deer to reduce their cost of living to increase their chances of surviving in winter.

Not every winter is critical for deer of course. If the winter has light snow, survival and productivity next spring will be high. But if deep snows come and the weather remains cold for several weeks, then the deer must spend more energy to move about, food will be harder to find, and they must then depend more on their fat reserves to pull them through. If such conditions go on for too long some will die, and only the largest and strongest are likely to survive. That is a fundamental rule of life for wild, free wandering animals such as deer.

fundamental: adj. basic; very important

Mathematics is one of the fundamental sciences.

此次展览的主要目的是普及环保意识。

The fundamental purpose of this exhibition is to popularize environmental protection notions.


After reading main

After Reading_main

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

1. Useful Expressions

2. Spot Dictation

3. Multiple Choice

4. Summary Writing

5. Writing Style

6. Talking About the Pictures

7. Writing Practice

8. Proverbs and Quotations


After reading 1 1

After Reading_1.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Useful Expressions

energy crisis

1. 能源危机

2. 金融危机

financial crisis

conserve energy

3. 节能

people of a more practical mind

4. 更重实际的人

ecological system

5. 生态体系

in turn

6. 反过来

convert into

7. 转化成

a good case in point

8. 一个相关的好例子

nutritious food

9. 富含营养的食物

physically mature

10.生理上成熟

give birth to

11. 生育


After reading 1 2

After Reading_1.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

search for

12. 搜寻

meet one’s needs

13. 满足需求

deposit fat

14. 储存脂肪

bank accounts

15. 银行帐户

abundant food supply

16. 充足的食物供给

internal physiological response

17.内在生理反应

lower metabolism

18. 减缓新陈代谢

hibernation

19. 冬眠

pull sb. through

20. 度过难关

fundamental rule of life

21. 生命的基本规律

slow down

22. 慢下来


After reading 2 1

After Reading_2.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Spot Dictation

Directions:

In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Ecology is the science of how living creatures and plants exist together and depend on each other and on the environment. Where an environment is undisturbed, the ecology of an area is in balance, but if a creature is exterminated or an alien introduced, then the ecology of the district will be . In other words, the balance of nature will be

_____

local

_______

species

______

upset

_________.

disturbed


After reading 2 2

After Reading_2.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Man is a part of the environment and has done more to upset the ecology during the short on earth than any other living creature. He had the atmosphere and polluted both land and water. He has the earth’s natural resources with no thought for the future, and has thought out the most ways of killing his fellow men and every other sort of life at the same time.

Even at this moment many of the earth’s natural are being destroyed, many valuable animals and plants are being killed. Besides, it is becoming increasingly difficult to grow enough food to much of the earth’s population from starvation.

_____

________

poisoned

span

__________

squandered

__________

devastating

________

treasures

________

preserve


After reading 3 1

KEY

KEY

After Reading_3.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Multiple Choice

Directions: Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.

1. As I’m short of money I must draw on my ______.

A) resources

B) reserve

C) conservation

D) currency

2. He couldn’t join the army, because he was below the ______ height

allowed by the rules.

A) maximum

B) minimum

C) smallest

D) lowest


After reading 3 2

KEY

KEY

After Reading_3.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

3. The small furniture shop has been ______ into a big business.

A) expended

B) expanded

C) extreme

D) extracted

4. The unusually cold weather this winter gave birth to a larger ______

of heaters.

A) consume

B) consuming

C) consumption

D) consumers


After reading 3 3

KEY

KEY

After Reading_3.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

5. He is not able to earn enough salary, so he has to ______ economy.

A) do

B) make

C) reserve

D) practice

6. In this country, husbands are adored by their wives ______ an absurd

extreme.

A) to

B) at

C) with

D) on


After reading 3 4

KEY

KEY

After Reading_3.4

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

7. The car ______ as it approached the parking lot.

A) speeded up

B) slowed down

C) broke down

D) caught up with

8. There are various ______available which the students can use alone

or in a small group.

A) sources

B) material

C) resources

D) causes


After reading 3 5

KEY

KEY

After Reading_3.5

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

9. A fresh idea has just ______ to me.

A) occurred

B) happened

C) come

D) sparked

10. The sweater is hand-knitted and ______ expensive.

A) since

B) also

C) hence

D) in consequence


After reading 4 1

_________________

_________

After Reading_4.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Summary Writing

Wild animals survive from year to year by eating as much as they can in summer and fall, (以脂肪的形式储存多余的食物) , and then use their stored fat to survive (冬季的艰难时期) whenfood is scarce. But, even with their (脂肪储备) , wild animals spend less energy to live in winter than in summer. (一个恰当的例子) is the white-tailed deer. In summer, after they (生下小鹿) , physically mature female deer must search for (处于生长旺期,可转换成能量的植物) , because milk production is (一个消耗能量的过程) . Both males and females continue

storing the excess in the form of fat

____________________________

___________________

the hard times in winter

___________________

stored fat / fat reserves

__________________

A good case in point

_______________________

have given birth to fawns

___________________________________________

growing plants which can be converted into energy

_________________________

an energy-consuming process

to eat high quality food in the fall in order to (储存冬季可利用的体内脂肪) . As fall turns into winter, hair on all the deer becomes thicker, which (提 供 了 一 个 外 部 保 护 层)

to help deer to survive the winter. In addition, and most important of all, deer have (一种内部生理反应) which helps to (降低能量消耗) by lowering their metabolism.If the

________________________________________

deposit body fat which can be drawn on in winter

provides an external

safeguard

_____________________________

an internal physiological response

_________________________________

slow down their expenditure of energy


After reading 4 2

_________________

______________________

_____________

____________

After Reading_4.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

winter has deep snow, which means the deer has to spend more energy to (四处走走)

more dependent on

move about

__________

, they must then be (更多地依靠脂肪储备来度过难关)

, they must then be (更多地依靠脂肪储备来度过难关)

fat reserves to pull through

. Even if some small and weak deer die in the freezing

winter, their bodies become food for other life forms.

(至于能源危机)

In the case of

energy crisis

, we still can pull through by following the deer: deer grow a winter

coat of hair while we can ; deer (降低新陈代谢水平) while we can turn the thermostat on the furnace down.

(多穿衣服保暖)

put on more clothes to stay warm

___________________________

lower their metabolism

_______________________


After reading 5 1

After Reading_5.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Writing Style

The article is both an expository and argumentative writing. The author puts forward the topic in the first paragraph (LL.1~6) i.e. -“Energy makes the world go round.”

In the following paragraphs (LL.7~70) the author develops the topic by describing in great detail the life of deer in four seasons and various means by which they survive the hard times in winter. These evidences show that life depends on energy. This is true to human beings as well as animals. By making a comparison (LL.51~62) between mankind and white-tailed deer in North America, the author wants to lead us to pay more attention the importance of conserving the energy. And also the author develops the article by using the writing techniques such as exemplification (LL.18~70), cause and effect (LL.7~17, LL.51~62,LL.71~74), comparison (LL.51~62), classification (LL.29~37), etc.

The last paragraph is a conclusion, i.e. “Life depends on energy, thus the cycle continues.”


After reading 6 1

After Reading_6.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

TalkingAbout the Pictures


After reading 6 2

After Reading_6.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 6 3

After Reading_6.3

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 6 4

After Reading_6.4

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 6 5

After Reading_6.5

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading


After reading 7

____________________________

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

______________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_________________.

After Reading_7

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Writing Practice

Directions:

Discuss the following topic in class and write a short composition in

about 120 words after class.

Energy Resources

China is rich in various energy resources.

These energy resources are being used up rapidly.

.

To avoid an energy crisis in the future, the government must take some actions.

For example, coal, an abundant

source of energy, can be found in many provinces. China also has a few large oil fields, and usually natural gas accompanies oil production fields. In addition, large and small power plants have been built on vast rivers since liberation

We use energy to run our

factories, run our cars and trains, and heat our homes. In a word, we have a great need for energy because of our economic growth and daily life

For one thing, factories and individuals should be encouraged to save energy. For another, scientists should be encouraged to develop alternatives to the present resources of energy


After reading 8 1

After Reading_8.1

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

Proverbs and Quotations

1. Only the fittest survives.

适者生存。

2. Plan your consumption carefully on a long term basis, and you will not need to

worry when a famine occurs.

细水长流,遇灾不愁。

3. It is not enough to do good; one must do it the right way.

-John Morley, British statesman

人不仅要做好事,更要以正确的方式做好事。

——英国政治家J•莫利


After reading 8 2

After Reading_8.2

Before Reading

Global Reading

Detailed Reading

After Reading

4. Education is a progressive discovery of our ignorance.

- Durant, American historian

教育是一个逐步发现自己无知的过程。

——美国历史学家 杜兰特

5. Mistakes are an essential part of education.

- Bertrand Russell, British philosopher

错误是教育极为重要的一部分。

—— 英国哲学家 B•罗素


  • Login