Development of FireWatch-Indonesia
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Development of FireWatch-Indonesia - Lessons from Australia Dr Richard Smith and Mr Ken Dawbin Satellite Remote Sensing Services Landgate Leeuwin Centre for Earth Sensing Technologies Government of Western Australia. Support of AusAid, MoF, MoE and LAPAN is gratefully acknowledged.

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Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

Development of FireWatch-Indonesia - Lessons from Australia Dr Richard Smith and Mr Ken DawbinSatellite Remote Sensing ServicesLandgate Leeuwin Centre for Earth Sensing TechnologiesGovernment of Western Australia

Support of AusAid, MoF, MoE and LAPAN is gratefully acknowledged


What is landgate

WA Government’s Land Information Authority (1000 staff) with four main roles

Manage transfer of land ownership

Valuation of land for local taxation

Mapping and Survey of Land for 1) and 2)

Satellite remote sensing for land management

30 staff with 8 PhDs

Run two satellite receiving stations

Routinely processes 25Gbytes data per day from over seven satellites

AusAid work with MoF, MoE, LAPAN and Vietnam

What is LANDGATE?


Lessons learnt from firewatch

Must be driven by end-user needs

Build using own skills – training important

Multiple satellites and other spatial data

Access to the Super Highway for the core node

Automated end-to-end to system

Appropriate delivery technology to end-users

Collaboration is important at all stages

Lessons Learnt from FireWatch


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Fire frequency 1997-2005, AVHRR

FireWatch developed to manage burning of Tropical Savannas in Northern Australia


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Mapping the cumulative burnt area across Australia (please click image for animation)

Using the archive of historic information


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Tropical Rainforests of the World – from 16% to 6% in the 20th Century

Protecting Indonesia’s Rainforest is a big challenge


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Reception of Satellite Data Across Australia – 7 satellites, 6 stations

That which

gets

Measured

gets

Managed

Use of real-time satellite data is vital

About 20 overpasses per day


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Satellite Image Reception

Products

Access to Satellite Data received across Australia requires Collaboration

Collaborators: BOM; CSIRO; Geoscience Australia; Curtin University; Murdoch University, Also NT, Qld, WA Government Agencies and NASA


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Landgate’s Satellite Remote Sensing Services

Specialists in the near real-time processing and delivery of satellite information for:

Wild fires detection and burnt area mapping - FireWatch

Change in forest cover to detect illegal clearing - Land monitor

Flood mapping and forecast - Floodmap

Drought and food security monitoring - Vegetation Watch

Intensive grazing management - Pastures from Space

Precision agriculture - AgImage

Ocean currents for fishermen - Fishing Hot Spots


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch Website

Current Active Fires

Many layers of information

Automatic processing of satellite imagery and delivery to web site 24 x 7.

Automatic delivery includes:

Fax

Email

SMS

FTP

KML, WMS and WMF services also available

:


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

View MODIS Overpass

Expand current

MODIS data


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

Zoom in on scene and display other integrated datasets


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

View Fire History Data


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

Fire scars evident in MODIS imagery


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

Automatic Fire Burnt Area Mapping from MODIS


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Fire hotspots and burnt area maps of Australia for Emergency Management

Fire hotspots can be seen over

the latest satellite image

The fire front can be seen from the hotspots and the area burnt over the previous week


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Fire hotspots and burnt area maps of Australia for Emergency Management

Fire hotspots can be seen over

the latest satellite image


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Near Real Time Satellite Images for Burnt Area, Smoke and Cloud Identification

Image Date:

6th October 2004


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Near Real Time Satellite Images for Burnt Area, Smoke and Cloud Identification

Image Date:

6th October 2004


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Smoke from fires can be tracked and mapped

Perth

19th January 2005

300km


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Lightning Strike Information, updated every 10 minutes aids fire managers

02/02/04


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Lightning Strikes:

1 November 2005

Fire Hotspots mapped over the following 2 days

FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Lightning Strike Information, updated every 10 minutes aids fire managers


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Mapping the burnt area automatically - (please click on image below for animation)

This fire moved

north parallel to

the Stewart

Highway in the NT.

A back-burn was

performed to stop

the fire spreading

north and was

successful.

Eventually the

movement of the

fire to the East

was stopped by

a fire break in

the North-South

direction.


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch

Mapping active fires and burnt area automatically North Western Australia 2005 – using MODIS Imagery


How much data being handled

Seven satellites NOAA15/16/17/18, Terra, Aqua, MTSAT-1R processed in NRT each day

18GB/day of MODIS + 6GB AVHRR (24 GB/day) transferred each day through Aarnet.

Aarnet bandwidth 100MBits/s limited by firewall, potential much higher

FireWatch 5GB/month, all services 9GB/month delivered to clients daily

To provide MODIS from Darwin to LAPAN or MoF for processing - 6GB/day

How much data being handled?


Amount of satellite data processed each year

Amount of Satellite Data Processed each year

New Satellites

Automation

Faster Computers

User demand

More products

Aarnet


Number of satellite products produced

Number of Satellite Products Produced


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Access and Delivery

Customers – All Products


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FireWatch | VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | Internet Delivery

Internet Delivery of Products and Services

All products shown are available on-line from Landgate with same interface

Landgate Farm Channel

FireWatch

http://Firewatch.landgate.wa.gov.au

AgImage

http://agimage.landgate.wa.gov.au

Pastures from Space

http://www.pasturesfromspace.csiro.au

Land Monitor

http://LandMonitor.landgate.wa.gov.au

Aid for Rural Valuation


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Delivering other information using FireWatch Technology

Land cover change – illegal clearing?


Result of bandwidth

Result of Bandwidth

Asian Pacific Advanced Network – available for FireWatch Indonesia


Appropriate delivery technology from the nodes to end users

Fax

email

Other web sites (FTP, WMS, WFM, KML)

SMS

Indosat 3.5G Broadband 18Mbs for new and novel delivery systems

Appropriate Delivery TechnologyFrom the Nodes to End-Users


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

Assessment of FireWatch by Dr Jeremy Russell-Smith, Northern Territory:

  • Impact of FireWatch on Fire management in Tropical Savannas?

    • Quite simply FireWatch has totally transformed operational fire management across the northern Australia

  • What has been the significance of the on-line delivery to end users who make the critical management decisions ?

    • Availability of reliable, timely mapping data from satellite has transformed our operations. 


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Questions to Dr Jeremy Russell-Smith, Northern Territory:

  • Future of FireWatch for Carbon Accounting?

  • Enormous, given that burning of savannas is an accountable activity under the Kyoto Protocol.

  • Equally significant to the fire-prone savanna landscapes in Indonesia, especially where vulnerable small forest patches are embedded in the savanna matrix

  • 4. Future developments of FireWatch?

  • Building on Western Arnhem Land Fire Abatement (WALFA) project, especially in eastern Indonesia and Papua.

  • $1million pa for 17 years will be payed to WALFA by Conoco-Philips for its oil refining in Darwin.


Summary of lessons learnt

Landgate FireWatch – a good model for FWI

Build using own skills – Training vital at all levels

Must be driven by end-user needs

Multiple satellites and other spatial data

Automated end-to-end to system

Access to the Super Highway for the core nodes (LAPAN, MoF and MoE for fire data)

Appropriate delivery to end-users (eg. Indosat 3.5G)

Collaboration is important at all stages

Summary of Lessons Learnt


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

Development of FireWatch-Indonesia- Lessons from Australia Thank YouAny questions?Dr Richard Smith and Mr Ken DawbinSatellite Remote Sensing Services, LandgateGovernment of Western Australia

Support of AusAid, MoF, MoE and LAPAN is gratefully acknowledged


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

WAFMA area 28,000 km2


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  • Emissions abatement opportunities from savanna burning

  • Kyoto Protocol—Prescribed burning of savannas a listed accountable activity in the Agriculture sector

  • reported in Australia’s NGGI – annually ~2-4% of Australia’s GHG emissions

  • includes all fire emissions from tropical savannas and temperate grasslands –assumes all fires anthropogenic

  • currently only CH4, N2O accounted for, but other GHG gases to be included in future (CO, VOCs, NOx)

  • economic opportunity – does not involve C property rights (e.g. C sequestration in plantations), but accounts for abatement of GHG emissions from savanna fires relative to baselines


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Outcomes achieved through use of Internet and associated ICT

Metcalfe’s law of the Internet[1]:

Benefit = (No. Users)2 x βwidth

[1] Metcalfe’s law extended in this proposal to include bandwidth βwidth


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FireWatch | VegetationWatch| OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

VegetationWatch

Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia

Continental Scale


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch | VegetationWatch| OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

VegetationWatch

Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia

Continental Scale

Farm Scale


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch | VegetationWatch| OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

VegetationWatch

Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia

Continental Scale

Farm Scale

Paddock Scale


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch | VegetationWatch| OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

VegetationWatch

Green Vegetation Cover and its change in response to rainfall, across Australia

The Agricultural area in the South-West of Western Australia can be seen changing in green vegetation cover during the season, as crops and pastures respond to rainfall.


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch Website

Public Access and

Secure Access

Login Required


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

FireWatch Website

Subscriber Login


Support of ausaid mof moe and lapan is gratefully acknowledged

FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

At Regional Level


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FireWatch| VegetationWatch | OceanWatch | Pastures from Space | Land Monitor | AgImage

At Paddock Level


Future of ict

Many believe that ICT revolution is over, others that the last 20 year was a warm up

The real revolution is about to begin as the complementarities begin to work together

ICT will transform every aspect of business, life and society

Future of ICT

From: CSIRO Solve 11, May 2007


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