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Stress Group 2, Chapter 9, Lesson 2: Stress Designed for: Ages 25-30. Devin Miller, Shea Tanney, Katie Daniel, Katie Stopka, Terika McCall. What is Stress?. Any change that causes your body physical of mental tension

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Stress Group 2, Chapter 9, Lesson 2: Stress Designed for: Ages 25-30

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Stress group 2 chapter 9 lesson 2 stress designed for ages 25 30

StressGroup 2, Chapter 9, Lesson 2: StressDesigned for: Ages 25-30

Devin Miller, Shea Tanney,

Katie Daniel, Katie Stopka,

Terika McCall


What is stress

What is Stress?

  • Any change that causes your body physical of mental tension

  • Myriad of physical and mental reactions that either keep us sharp or put our health in danger


More on stress

More on Stress...

  • Stress is caused by anything that requires you to adjust to a change in environment

  • Body reacts to changes with physical, mental, and emotional responses

  • Causes of stress differs for each person as well as our coping mechanisms


When stress goes overboard

When stress goes overboard


Stress group 2 chapter 9 lesson 2 stress designed for ages 25 30

What is a Stressor?

Events that provoke stress are STRESSORS

Include everything from physical danger to making a class presentation or taking a final exam


Stress group 2 chapter 9 lesson 2 stress designed for ages 25 30

Internal & External Stressors:

External Stressors: Adverse physical conditions (i.e. pain)

Stressful psychological environment

In humans and animals

Internal Stressors: Physical or psychological (i.e. intense worry about a harmful event)

Rare or absent in most animals except humans


Stress group 2 chapter 9 lesson 2 stress designed for ages 25 30

STRESS!

Time magazine's June 6, 1983 cover story, STRESS! "The Epidemic of the Eighties" Stress = leading health problem

Numerous surveys confirm adult Americans perceive they are under much more stress than a decade ago


The stress response

The Stress Response

  • Fight or Flight

    • Increased heart rate and blood pressure

    • Slow digestion

    • Dilated pupils

    • Rapid rush of strength

    • Increased sweating

    • Rapid breathing


Types of stress

Types of Stress

  • Two types of Stress

    1. Eustress

    2. Distress


Stress and personality

Stress and Personality

  • Two main types

    • Type A: competitive and high achieving

    • Type B: non-competitive, “laid back”


Research stress personality

Research: Stress & Personality

  • Type A personality actually shown to relieve stress


Type a vs type b

Type A vs. Type B

  • Type A: may relieve stress by working

  • Type B: more likely to hold onto stress


The hardy personality

The “Hardy Personality”

  • Personality type which continues to stay healthy despite major or traumatic stressors


3 important characteristics

3 Important Characteristics

  • Change

  • Commitment

  • Control


Change

Change

  • Likes and welcomes change

  • Views change as an opportunity for growth


Commitment

Commitment

  • Strong sense of purpose

  • Committed to people, activities and principles that bring meaning to their life


Control

Control

  • Sense of power about his or her life

  • Feels some influence over what happens

  • Takes action when possible


Optimum stress

Optimum Stress


5 categories of stress

5 Categories of Stress

  • Biological

    • Biochemical imbalance

    • Chemical

    • Injury

  • Environmental

    • Poverty

    • Natural disaster

    • Noise


5 categories of stress1

5 Categories of Stress

3. Cognitive

  • Perception

  • Expectations

    4. Personal Behavior

  • Negative reactions

  • Drugs or alcohol

  • Lack of exercise


5 categories of stress2

5 Categories of Stress

5. Life situations

  • Death

  • Divorce

  • Relationship problems


Negative effects of stress

Negative Effects of Stress

  • Caused by:

    • Persistent stressful situations

    • Traumatic event

    • Inefficient relaxation techniques

    • Acute stress combined with serious illness


Negative effects of stress1

Negative Effects of Stress

  • 13 side effects of stress

    • Psychological effects

      - anxiety/depression

    • Heart Disease

    • Stroke

    • Susceptibility to infections


Common effects of stress cont

Common Effects of Stress cont.

5. Immune disorders

-eczema

6. Cancer

7. Gastrointestinal Problems

- peptic ulcers

8. Eating Problems

- weight gain


Common effects of stress cont1

Common Effects of Stress cont.

9. Diabetes

10. Pain

- headaches

11. Sleep disturbances

12. Sexual & reproductive dysfunction

13. Memory, concentration and learning difficulties


Risks of stress

Risks of Stress

  • When is stress dangerous?

    • If it interferes with normal life for a long period time

      • Feeling “OUT OF CONTROL”


Risks of stress1

Risks of Stress

  • Continuous feelings of fatigue

  • Inability to concentrate

  • Irritable in usually calm situations


Stress group 2 chapter 9 lesson 2 stress designed for ages 25 30

Stress Management

  • Coping with stress

    • Do not try and control the external stressor

    • Control the internal reaction to the stressor

      • Emotional and psychological responses


12 ways to manage stress

12 Ways to Manage Stress

  • Be Realistic

    • Learn to Say NO!

  • Shed the “Superman” urge

    • No one is perfect

  • Meditate

    - 10-20 min = chronic stress relief


12 ways to manage stress1

12 Ways to Manage Stress

  • Visualize

    • Picture success

  • Take one thing at a time

    - check off tasks

  • Exercise

    - 20-30min regular activity


12 ways to manage stress2

12 Ways to Manage Stress

  • Hobbies

    • Schedule self care

  • Healthy lifestyle

    • Good nutrition

  • Share your feelings

    - Call a friend


12 ways to manage stress3

12 Ways to Manage Stress

  • Be flexible

    • Compromise

  • Easy on Criticism

    • Everyone is unique

  • Seek professional help

    - Free services at UF SHCC


Stress management

Stress Management


Activity 1 meditation

Activity 1: Meditation

  • Meditation is a mind-body CAM practice

  • Types of meditation

    • Concentration

    • Motion

    • Spiritual


Concentration meditation

Concentration Meditation

  • Breathe deeply

    • Focus on breaths

  • Scan your body

    • Sensations

  • Repeat sacred name/phrase

    • Mantra

  • Exercise the imagination

    • Guided imagery


Activity 2 deep breathing

Activity 2: Deep Breathing

  • Designed to bring fresh air into the body

  • Promotes relaxation


Activity 3 stretching

Activity 3: Stretching

  • Works tension out of muscles

  • Target areas

    • Wrists

    • Shoulders

    • Neck

    • Back


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