MATTER. QUINTO. MATTER: Anything that occupies space, has volume and mass. Everything is made up of matter Properties of Matter. MASS VOLUME. The amount of matter something has You measure it in kilograms and grams . The space that an object occupies You measure it in liters .
Everything is made up of matter
Properties of Matter
The amount of matter something has
You measure it in kilograms and grams
The space that an object occupies
You measure it in liters
DENSITY: The relationship between mass and volume.
HARDNESS: If it is difficult to break than the matter is hard, if it breaks easily it is fragile.
ELASTICITY: If it regains its form after being stretched the matter is elastic.
WATERPROOF: When matter doesn't’t allow liquid to pass through it is waterproof.
TRANSPARENCY: If the matter lets light pass it is transparent, if light doesn't’t pass through it is opaque.
SOLID: It maintains the same shape, occupies the same space, and maintains the same volume
LIQUID: Doesn't’t have a permanent shape, and maintains the same volume
GAS: Doesn't’t have a permanent shape, and doesn’t maintain the same volume. If gas squeezes together it loses volume. It adapts to the space it is in.
The matter returns to its original state.
Body temperature varies: If it receives heat it goes up and if it loses heat it goes down
If it receives heat the volume increases and if it loses heat the volume decreases
It is impossible for the matter to return to its previous state
The composition of the matter doesn't’t change
You cant distinguish the different substances by just looking at it
Alloy: Homogeneous mixture of metals. BRASS = copper and zinc
Dissolution: Homogeneous mixture of 2 liquids or a liquid and solid
You can distinguish the different substances by just looking at it
EXAMPLE: ROCKS AND WATER
Formed by combining two or more different substances
FILTRATION: Separates heterogeneous mixtures of a solid and a liquid
DECANTATION: Separates heterogeneous mixtures made of two liquids
EVAPORATION: Separates homogeneous mixtures made of a solid and a liquid
DISTILLATION: Separates homogeneous mixtures made of liquids
- When a substance combines with oxygen
-A material that can light on fire, it gives off heat and light
The properties and composition of the matter change, thus becoming different matter (but the mass doesn't’t change)
A chemical change that takes place in the absence of oxygen and by the presence of certain living things
When humans step in and take advantage of resources to make items last longer, such as wine or yogurt
EXAMPLE: When the butter goes bad