31.9 million Africans are infected with this life threatening blood-borne virus, first identified in the 1980s*, and for which there is currently no vaccine. Prevalence is 5.3% in Africa & the condition is sometimes transmitted sexually. Mother to child transmission is also possible. The extent of sexual transmission is not clear. Prevalence may be greater than 10% in Tanzania**.
What is the virus called?
“Mainland Tanzania has a generalized HIV epidemic and the primary mechanism for HIV transmission is unprotected heterosexual sex, which constitutes about 80% of all new infections.” (UNAIDS*)
Presentation to Kilimanjaro Clinical Research Institute
14 July 2011
Simon Collery – [email protected]
According to UNAIDS and much of the HIV industry:
But many HIV+ people have had no sex or always use protection (THMIS)*
* https://sites.google.com/site/davidgisselquist/chapter7 (Table 7.4)
Compiled from http://www.measuredhs.com data and http://marsgroupkenya.org/census
Tanzania DHS http://bit.ly/q9HUZ8
** [SA article on spatial clusters]
"We in the UN system are unlikely to become infected [with HIV through contaminated blood] since the UN-system medical services take all the necessary precautions and use only new or sterilized equipment. Extra precautions should be taken, however, when on travel away from UN approved medical facilities, as the UN cannot ensure the safety of blood supplies or injection equipment obtained elsewhere.“*