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Table of contents

Table of Contents

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Set 1 1

Set 1-1

Name the main feature you will find on a physical map.

Mountains

Rivers, Lakes, and other naturally occurring features are also shown.


Set 1 2

Set 1-2

What is shown on a political map?

Borders and boundaries

dividing cities, states,

counties, nations, etc.


Set 1 3

Set 1-3

What is a peninsula?

A body of land surrounded by water on three sides.


Set 1 4

Set 1-4

What does an archeologiststudy?

  • Artifacts (items found in the ground that are evidence showing how earlier people lived)


Set 1 5

Set 1-5

What does a Geographerstudy?

The relationship between people and the places in which they live. Example: mountains separate People & people terrace mountains to grow crops


Set 1 6

Set 1-6

What does a Anthropologiststudy?

Ancient peoples and how man has evolved.


Set 1 7

Set 1-7

What does an economiststudy?

The exchange of goods and services and the factors of production?


Set 1 8

Set 1-8

Name at least three examples of a primary source…

  • Diary

  • Journal

  • Photograph

  • Audio or video recording

  • Interview of a first-hand witness

  • Autobiography


Set 1 9

Set 1-9

Name at least three secondary sources…

  • Textbook

  • Encyclopedia

  • Biography

  • Re-enactment of an event

  • Lecture from a professor who did not witness the event


Set 1 10

Set 1-10

Name at least three characteristics of a civilization…

•Cities

•Complex government

•Job specialization

•Writing system


Set 1 11

Set 1-11

Name at least three changes that occurred during the Neolithic Revolution…

•Domesticated plants & animals

•Permanent dwellings

•Steady food supply


Set 1 12

Set 1-12

What river(s) could be found in the area called Mesopotamia?

The Tigris and Euphrates


Set 1 13

Set 1-13

Name at least two achievements of the

Sumerians of Mesopotamia?

Written language and Architecture


Set 1 14

Set 1-14

What nickname was given to the area around Mesopotamia?

The Fertile Crescent

(because of its shape and rich soil)


Set 1 15

Set 1-15

What is the Code of Hammurabi?

A code of strict laws with harsh punishments


Set 1 16

Set 1-16

What river did the Chinese River Valley center around?

The Huang He (Yellow River)


Set 1 17

Set 1-17

What geographic feature has isolatedChina throughout history?

Mountains (the Himalayan Mountains)


Set 1 18

Set 1-18

What technique has been used by the Chinese, Japanese, the Incas and others to grow crops on steep mountain slopes.

Terracing or terrace farming


Set 1 19

Set 1-19

What ancient river valley civilizationwas discovered in India?

The Indus River Valley civilization


Set 1 20

Set 1-20

What river valley was settled by the ancient Egyptians?

The Nile River Valley


Set 2 1

Set 2-1

Name at least two things the ancient Egyptianswere known for?

A system of writing (hieroglyphics) and Architecture (the Pyramids)


Set 2 2

Set 2-2

What is monotheism?

Belief in one God.


Set 2 3

Set 2-3

What is polytheism?

Belief in many Gods.


Set 2 4

Set 2-4

Name the big three

monotheistic religions…

Judaism, Christianity, and Islam


Set 2 5

Set 2-5

Filial Piety, the five relationships, and civil service exams come from what belief system?

Confucianism


Set 2 6

Set 2-6

Strict laws and harsh punishments are part of what social system?

Legalism (Founded in China by Han Fei and others)


Set 2 7

Set 2-7

What city-state of ancient Greece practiced direct democracy?

Athens


Set 2 8

Set 2-8

Who is the source of power in a democracy

The people or citizens


Set 2 9

Set 2-9

Name the three most famous philosophers from ancient Greece…

Socrates Plato Aristotle


Set 2 10

Set 2-10

Name the culturethat was created by the conquests of Alexander the Great?

Hellenistic Culture


Set 2 11

Set 2-11

What four cultures were combined to form Hellenistic Culture?

•Greek

•Persian

•Indian

•Egyptian


Set 2 12

Set 2-12

What sea was surrounded by the Roman Empire?

The Mediterranean Sea


Set 2 13

Set 2-13

Name two aspects of Roman government that we still use in America…

The Republic& the legal system (taken from the 12 tables)


Set 2 14

Set 2-14

Name at least two architectural achievements of the Romans…

•Roads

•Arches

•Aqueducts

•The Coliseum


Set 2 15

Set 2-15

What is the name of the Hinduism based social order practiced in India?

The Caste System


Set 2 16

Set 2-16

How can a person move to a higher social class in the caste system?

Reincarnation (By living a good life and being reincarnatedinto a higher form or caste)


Set 2 17

Set 2-17

What was the major contribution of the Gupta Empire?

The concept of Zero (math and science)


Set 2 18

Set 2-18

What belief system was practiced by the Gupta?

Hinduism


Set 2 19

Set 2-19

How did Confucianism impact Chinese nobility?

Could lose their government positions to gentry(the educated class) based on performance on civil service exams


Set 2 20

Set 2-20

What is filial piety?

Respect for elders


Set 3 1

Set 3-1

What is the purpose of civil service exams?

Highly qualified government employees


Set 3 2

Set 3-2

What occurred along the silk roads?

Trade


Set 3 3

Set 3-3

What continent did the silk roads run across?

Asia


Set 3 4

Set 3-4

What group is known for migratingthroughout Africa spreading their language and other ideas?

The Bantu speaking peoples


Set 3 5

Set 3-5

What agriculturaltechnique caused the Bantu speaking people of Africa to migrate southward and eastward?

Slash and burn


Set 3 6

Set 3-6

What skill did the Bantu speaking people spread as they migrated throughout Africa?

Iron working


Set 3 7

Set 3-7

What factors lead to Native American groups having so many different cultures(different foods, clothing, and shelter)?

Different local climates and natural resources


Set 3 8

Set 3-8

Who is the prophet that spread Islam?

The prophet Muhammad


Set 3 9

Set 3-9

What city must Muslims make a Hajj (pilgrimage or Holy visit) to?

Mecca


Set 3 10

Set 3-10

List the 5 pillars of Islam…

1.Faith in Allah

2.Pray 5 times daily (facing Mecca)

3.Give Alms (charity) to the poor

4.Hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca

5.Fast during holy month Ramadan


Set 3 11

Set 3-11

Islam is primarily practiced in what area of the world?

The Middle East (the area between Africa, Asia, & Europe)


Set 3 12

Set 3-12

Name the belief system:

Four Noble Truths, Eight Fold Path, practiced mostly in China

Buddhism


Set 3 13

Set 3-13

Name the belief system:

Caste System, Karma, practiced mostly in India

Hinduism


Set 3 14

Set 3-14

Name the belief system:

More of a social order that values respect for elders, education, harmony, and good government. Practiced mainly in China

Confucianism


Set 3 15

Set 3-15

Name the belief system:

Read the Hebrew Bible including the Torah, started by Abraham, Followed in Europeand Americabut homeland is in Israel, also follow the Ten Commandments

Judaism


Set 3 16

Set 3-16

Name the belief system:

Believe that everything in nature has a spirit, followed mostly in Africa

Animism


Set 3 17

Set 3-17

Name the belief system:

Believe that everything in nature has a spirit, followed in Japan

Shinto


Set 3 18

Set 3-18

Name the belief system:

Holy book is the Bible, worship Jesus, follow the Ten Commandments, practiced mostly in Europe and the Americas

Christianity


Set 3 19

Set 3-19

Name the belief system:

Follow the 5 Pillars, started by Prophet Mohammad, read the Koran (Qur’an), practiced mainly in the Middle East

Islam


Set 3 20

Set 3-20

Which two cultures were preserved by Justinian?

Greek and Roman (Greco-Roman)


Set 4 1

Set 4-1

What group of laws in the Byzantine Empire using old Romanlaws lasted for 900 years?

Justinian Code


Set 4 2

Set 4-2

What language was spoken in the Byzantine Empire after they switched from speaking Latin?

Greek


Set 4 3

Set 4-3

What was the Schism?

The split in the Christian Church


Set 4 4

Set 4-4

What two churches did Christianity split into during the Schism?

1.Roman Catholic

2.Eastern Orthodox


Set 4 5

Set 4-5

Which empire preserved Greco-Romancultureand passed it along to the Russians?

The Byzantine Empire


Set 4 6

Set 4-6

Which form of Christianity was passed along to the Russians by the Byzantine Empire?

Eastern Orthodox


Set 4 7

Set 4-7

What was the most important contribution of the Sui Dynasty?

The Grand Canal


Set 4 8

Set 4-8

Name at least 2 advances in technology under the Tang and Song Dynasties.

1.Gun powder

2.Moveable type

3.The compass


Set 4 9

Set 4-9

What were highly educated people in China called?

Gentry


Set 4 10

Set 4-10

What group of horse-riding nomadicpeople roamed the eastern steppe and eventually created a vast empire?

The Mongols


Set 4 11

Set 4-11

Who was the leader of the Mongols?

Genghis Kahn


Set 4 12

Set 4-12

What type of warfare used by the Mongols attempts to frighten or scare the enemy into surrendering?

Psychological Warfare


Set 4 13

Set 4-13

How did the PaxMongolia increase trade?

*Pax = a period of peace and prosperity

Mongol warriors provided safety along the silk roads


Set 4 14

Set 4-14

What explorer’s writings increased European interest in China resulting in a jump in trade?

Marco Polo


Set 4 15

Set 4-15

What system of land ownership was used in Japan?

Feudalism


Set 4 16

Set 4-16

What factor led to Korea being a cultural bridge between China and Japan?

Location between Chinaand Japan


Set 4 17

Set 4-17

What is Feudalism?

A system of land ownership


Set 4 18

Set 4-18

What major event involving Christiansand Muslims ended up increasing cultural diffusion between Europeand the Middle East?

The Crusades


Set 4 19

Set 4-19

What document was King John forced to sign that limited the power of the Monarchy (Kings and Queens) and gave more power to parliament(British lawmakers like our congress) and to the people?

Magna Carta


Set 4 20

Set 4-20

What event was responsible for at least one-third of all people in Europe dying in a short period of time?

The Bubonic Plague (a.k.a. the Black Plague or the Black Death)


Set 5 1

Set 5-1

How did the Black Plague reach Europe?

Trade with Asia


Set 5 2

Set 5-2

How did the cities of Ghana, Mali, Songhai, and

Great Zimbabwe grow wealthy in Africa?

Trade


Set 5 3

Set 5-3

What were the two most important items traded in Ghana, Mali, & Songhai?

Gold and Salt


Set 5 4

Set 5-4

Name one thing the Mayanswere known for…

Calendar (astronomy) & architecture (pyramids)


Set 5 5

Set 5-5

What architectural achievement did the Incashave in common with the Romans?

A system of Roads


Set 5 6

Set 5-6

What geographic factor caused the Renaissance to begin in Italy?

Location in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea (center of trade which made merchants wealthy)


Set 5 7

Set 5-7

Name three Renaissanceartists…

1.Michelangelo

2.Rafael

3.Leonardo Da Vinci


Set 5 8

Set 5-8

Name two Renaissancewriters…

1.Machiavelli

2.William Shakespeare


Set 5 9

Set 5-9

Which Renaissancewriter wrote about gaining and keeping power and said it was better to be feared than loved?

Machiavelli


Set 5 10

Set 5-10

What invention sped up the spread of Renaissanceideas?

The Printing Press (Invented by Johannes Gutenberg)


Set 5 11

Set 5-11

What was the Protestant Reformation?

The protesting of the corruption of the Catholic Church leadership and the establishment of new reformed church (the Protestant Church)


Set 5 12

Set 5-12

What did Martin Luther do that started the Protestant Revolution?

Nailed his 95 Theses to the door of the church


Set 5 13

Set 5-13

What was the biggest problem Martin Luther

had with the leadership of the Catholic Church?

The sale of Indulgences (give money to the church and they say you will go to Heaven)


Set 5 14

Set 5-14

Why did the Protestant Reformation spread so fast?

Luther’s 95 Theses and the Bible were mass printed using the newly invented printing press


Set 5 15

Set 5-15

How was the location of the Ottoman Empire important to their cultural diversity and economic success?

They were located on trade routes between Europeand Asia


Set 5 16

Set 5-16

What empire did the Ottoman Empire conquer?

The Byzantine Empire


Set 5 17

Set 5-17

What important city did the Ottomans conquer? How did they get through the walls?

They conquered Constantinople by using cannonsto destroy the walls


Set 5 18

Set 5-18

What absolute ruler of the Ottoman Empire was famous for his laws?

Suleiman the Lawgiver


Set 5 19

Set 5-19

The high demand of what Chinese product brought them a favorable trade situation with European nations?

Silk


Set 5 20

Set 5-20

What Chinese admiral traded extensively on his large ships with Western Africa, India, and Southeast Asia?

Zheng He


Set 6 1

Set 6-1

The Ming Dynasty began a period of isolation because they were unhappy with the influence of nations from which continent?

Europe


Set 6 2

Set 6-2

Which two European nations were most involved in exploration during the early 1500s?

Spain& Portugal


Set 6 3

Set 6-3

What geographic feature are Spain and Portugal a part of which made exploration easier?

They are on the IberianPeninsula


Set 6 4

Set 6-4

Name two navigational instruments that made exploration easier in the 1500s?

•Compass

•Triangular Sails

•Astrolabe


Set 6 5

Set 6-5

What Spanish conquistador conquered the Aztecs?

Hernan Cortez


Set 6 6

Set 6-6

Name 2 military advantages that enabled the Spanishto conquer the Aztecs?

1.Horses

2.Guns


Set 6 7

Set 6-7

What Spanishconquistador conquered the Incas?

Francisco Pizarro


Set 6 8

Set 6-8

In Latin American Colonies what system created a class system where Peninsulares (Spanishand Portuguese) held all the power and natives and Africanswere used as slaves?

The Encomienda System


Set 6 9

Set 6-9

What was the term used to refer to the exchange of goods between Europe and Africa with the Americas?

Columbian Exchange


Set 6 10

Set 6-10

What was a negative effect of the Columbian Exchange for the Native Americans?

Diseases from Europeans wiped out millions of them


Set 6 11

Set 6-11

What term refers to the voyage of slaves from Africato the Americas?

Middle Passage


Set 6 12

Set 6-12

How did the Columbian Exchange benefit the health of Europeans?

New fruit and vegetables such as potatoes, tomatoes, and corn improved their nutrition and therefore their health


Set 6 13

Set 6-13

What was the term used to refer to the belief that colonies existed only to provide raw materials and trade markets for the mother country?

Mercantilism


Set 6 14

Set 6-14

What is a Monarchy?

A government ruled by a monarch (a king or a queen)


Set 6 15

Set 6-15

What is an Absolute Monarch?

A king and/or queen who has absolute power.

They answer to no one and have no constitutionto follow.


Set 6 16

Set 6-16

Name three Absolute Monarchs/Rulers…

•Suleiman the Magnificent/Lawgiver

•Louis XIV & XVI

•Peter the Great

  • Frederick the Great

    •Akbar the Great

    •Ivan the Terrible

    •Phillip II


Set 6 17

Set 6-17

What is westernization?

Eastern people adopting western culture including forms of government and clothing styles.


Set 6 18

Set 6-18

What Russian ruler instituted a policy of westernization?

Peter the Great


Set 6 19

Set 6-19

What was the purpose of Puritan Revolution

in England?

To limit the power of the Monarchy in England


Set 6 20

Set 6-20

William and Marywere King and Queen of England during what revolution?

The Glorious Revolution (Power of the Monarchy becomes more and more limited)


Set 7 1

Set 7-1

What is a Constitutional Monarchy?

A government ruled by a king or queen whose powers are limited by the laws of the constitution


Set 7 2

Set 7-2

Magna Carta, the Petition of Right, and the English Bill of Rights all limited the power of whom?

The Monarchy (Kings and Queens)


Set 7 3

Set 7-3

Observationand experimentation were the central ideas behind what revolution?

The Scientific Revolution


Set 7 4

Set 7-4

Name two Scientists from the Scientific Revolution?

  • Galileo Galilee

  • Isaac Newton

  • Anders Celsius

  • AdreausVesalius


Set 7 5

Set 7-5

What is the heliocentric model of the Solar System?

The Sun-centered model (planets revolve around the sun not the Earth)


Set 7 6

Set 7-6

Who developed the Heliocentric Model of the Solar System?

Galileo Galilee


Set 7 7

Set 7-7

People challenging many scientific theories used what document for their source of information?

The Bible


Set 7 8

Set 7-8

During what period were human reasoning and natural laws emphasized?

The Enlightenment Period


Set 7 9

Set 7-9

Name the Enlightenment thinker:

“All people are born with the right to life, liberty, and property.”

John Locke


Set 7 10

Set 7-10

Name the Enlightenmentthinker:

“Separation of Powers should be used to avoid the abuse of power.”

Montesquieu


Set 7 11

Set 7-11

Name the Enlightenment thinker:

“All people should have freedom of thought, expression, religion.”

Voltaire


Set 7 12

Set 7-12

What was the 3rd Estate in France upset about?

Their level of representation at the Estates General


Set 7 13

Set 7-13

Which event happened 1st?

•Napoleon became emperor of France.

•The Declaration of the Rights of Man was issued.

•Louis XVI called the Estates General into session.

•The Committee of Public Safety led the Reign of Terror.

Louis XVI called the Estates General into session.


Set 7 14

Set 7-14

The period of leadership by MaximillienRobespierre in which thousands saw their fate via the Guillotine became known as…

The Reign of Terror


Set 7 15

Set 7-15

Put the following French Revolution leaders in the correct order…

Robespierre, Napoleon Bonaparte, King Louis XVI

1.King Louis XVI

2.Robespierre

3.Napoleon Bonaparte


Set 7 16

Set 7-16

What factors played a role in Napoleon’sdefeat in Russia in 1812?

  • Harsh winter weather

  • Lack of supplies


Set 7 17

Set 7-17

Name the Latin American Liberator:

Liberated Haiti from the French…

Toussaint L’Ouverture


Set 7 18

Set 7-18

Name the Latin American Liberator:

Freed Columbia and other nations from Spanish rule…

Simon Bolivar


Set 7 19

Set 7-19

Name the Latin American liberator:

Liberated Argentina, Chile, and Peru

Jose de San Martin


Set 7 20

Set 7-20

Name the Latin American Liberator:

Liberated Mexico from Spain

Francisco “Pancho” Villa


Set 8 1

Set 8-1

What term means having intense pride in your country or ethnic group?

Nationalism


Set 8 2

Set 8-2

What was the goal of the Congress of Vienna?

To restore European Monarchies and achieve a balance of power in Europein order to maintain peace.


Set 8 3

Set 8-3

This man helped unify Germany

“By Blood and By Iron”

Otto von Bismarck


Set 8 4

Set 8-4

Giuseppe Garibaldi unified this nation

Italy


Set 8 5

Set 8-5

Which pair of natural resources enabled Great Britain (England) to be the center of the first Industrial Revolution?

Coal & Iron


Set 8 6

Set 8-6

What two social classes were created by the Industrial Revolution?

Working Class & Middle Class


Set 8 7

Set 8-7

What Revolution left many farmers jobless and forced them to move to cities to look for work?

The Agrarian Revolution (Less farm workers needed because of use of machines)


Set 8 8

Set 8-8

This invention sped the rate of transportation over land…

The locomotive (train) and the railroad


Set 8 9

Set 8-9

What is the term given to the mass-migrationof people into cities?

Urbanization


Set 8 10

Set 8-10

This man believed in Capitalism, a Free-market/Laissez-Faire economy in which the government did not interfere with business was good for the economy.

Adam $mith


Set 8 11

Set 8-11

Describe some living conditions in working class neighborhoods during the Industrial Revolution…

Dirty, crowded, dangerous, high rate of diseases


Set 8 12

Set 8-12

This man believed capitalism led to the horrible conditions of the Industrial Revolution and predicted the Proletariat (working class) would overthrow the Bourgeoisie (factory owning middle and upper classes).

Karl Marx


Set 8 13

Set 8-13

Karl Marx suggested a class-free society under a government called what?

Communism


Set 8 14

Set 8-14

Adam $mithwrote a book called what?

The Wealth of Nations


Set 8 15

Set 8-15

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote a book called what?

The Communist Manifesto


Set 8 16

Set 8-16

What caused massive death and migration of the Irish to the United States in the 1840s?

The Great Potato Famine


Set 8 17

Set 8-17

Did Britishgovernment policies help the famine in Ireland or make it worse?

Made it worse


Set 8 18

Set 8-18

What term means discriminationagainst Jews?

Anti-Semitism


Set 8 19

Set 8-19

What term refers to the movement to establish a Jewishhomeland in Palestine?

Zionism


Set 8 20

Set 8-20

What term means a larger more powerful nation taking control of a smaller and weaker one?

Imperialism


Set 9 1

Set 9-1

What were Europeannations seeking during the “Scramble for Africa”?

Raw materials for use in industry


Set 9 2

Set 9-2

What occurred at the Berlin Conference?

The division of Africaamong Europeancolonial powers without regard to tribal boundaries


Set 9 3

Set 9-3

Who was not invited to the Berlin Conference?

Any representatives from Africa


Set 9 4

Set 9-4

Which African group was famous for resisting European imperialism using advanced military techniques?

The Zulu led by Shaka Zulu


Set 9 5

Set 9-5

What two groups did the Zulus fight against?

The Britishand the Boers (the Dutch)


Set 9 6

Set 9-6

What war was fought over the land in modern day South Africa?

The Boer War


Set 9 7

Set 9-7

What idea developed from Darwin’sideas about the survival of the fittest was used as an excuse for racism, imperialism, and genocide?

Social Darwinism


Set 9 8

Set 9-8

What book by Rudyard Kipling made it seem as though European imperialism into Africa was to the benefit of native Africans because it brought them Christianity, democracy, and capitalism?

“The White Man’s Burden”


Set 9 9

Set 9-9

What British trading company controlled trade in much of India?

The British East India Trading Company


Set 9 10

Set 9-10

What was the name of the unsuccessful rebellion that attempted to remove British influence from India?

The Sepoy Mutiny


Set 9 11

Set 9-11

What Chinese rebellion is often associated with India’s SepoyMutiny?

The Boxer Rebellion


Set 9 12

Set 9-12

Losing what war caused Chinato lose control of much of the trade within its borders?

The Opium War


Set 9 13

Set 9-13

Areas in China that were controlled by foreign nations like France, Germany, Russia, Japan, and Great Britain were called what?

Spheres of Influence


Set 9 14

Set 9-14

What policy instituted by the United States opened trade in China to all nations?

The Open Door Policy


Set 9 15

Set 9-15

What unsuccessful rebellion in China attempted to remove all western influence?

The Boxer Rebellion


Set 9 16

Set 9-16

Prior to World War I, what region was called “the powder keg of Europe” because its cultural diversity led to constant tensions in the area?

The Balkans


Set 9 17

Set 9-17

Describe the location of the Balkans?

Right where Europe meets Asia (mountains and trading route location led to many ethnic groups)


Set 9 18

Set 9-18

What event is considered to be the immediate cause of World War I?

The assassinationof the heir to the Austro-Hungarian thrown Archduke Francis Ferdinand


Set 9 19

Set 9-19

What are considered to be the MAIN causes of World War I?

•Militarism

•Alliances

•Imperialism

•Nationalism


Set 9 20

Set 9-20

During World War I, which group of people were victims of genocide?

The Armenians (a group of Christians fighting for independence killed by Muslims in Turkey)


Set 10 1

Set 10-1

What geographic factor caused Germany to fight World War I and World War II on two fronts?

It’s central location in Europe between enemies Franceand Russia


Set 10 2

Set 10-2

What type of warfare made its debut in World War I and significantly slowed the pace of the war?

Trench warfare


Set 10 3

Set 10-3

Name three new weapons that were used in World War I.

•Tanks

•Submarines

•Poison gas

•Airplanes

•Machine guns


Set 10 4

Set 10-4

Heavy military losses, food and fuel shortages, and opposition to the Czar led to a communistrevolution (the Bolshevik Revolution) in what nation during World War I?

Russia


Set 10 5

Set 10-5

What Czar was killed during this Russian Revolution?

Czar Nicholas II


Set 10 6

Set 10-6

Who led the Russian Revolution while promising his people “Peace, Land, and Bread”?

Vladimir Lenin


Set 10 7

Set 10-7

Once in power Lenin based his government on whose ideas?

Karl Marx


Set 10 8

Set 10-8

What was the name of the peace treaty that ended World War I?

The Treaty of Versailles


Set 10 9

Set 10-9

In the Treaty of Versailles who was blamed for the war, was forced to pay reparations, and lost control of its colonies?

Germany


Set 10 10

Set 10-10

What organization was formed after World War I in an attempt to maintain a lasting peace?

The League of Nations


Set 10 11

Set 10-11

What nation from the Allied Powers did not join the League of Nations?

The United States


Set 10 12

Set 10-12

What nation was broken apart following World War I?

Austria-Hungary


Set 10 13

Set 10-13

What Turkish leader westernizedand modernizedthe nation by encouraging democraticgovernment reforms and encouraging a western style of dress?

Ataturk


Set 10 14

Set 10-14

What document indicated British support for the Zionistmovement (the movement for Jewsto establish a homeland in Palestine)?

The Balfour Declaration


Set 10 15

Set 10-15

Who led the Indian National Congress in the movement for Indian independence from Great Britain?

Mohandas Gandhi


Set 10 16

Set 10-16

What method did Gandhi use to achieve independence?

Civil Disobedience (non-violence)


Set 10 17

Set 10-17

What event included the shooting of at least a thousand unarmed Indian civilians?

The Amritsar Massacre


Set 10 18

Set 10-18

What was the purpose of the British textile boycott and the Great Salt March?

To show the Britishthat Indianpeople did not depend on their products


Set 10 19

Set 10-19

How was the problem of conflict between Muslimsand Hindus settled when India won its independencefrom Great Britain?

The partition of the Indian subcontinent into India (for Hindus) and Pakistan (for Muslims)


Set 10 20

Set 10-20

Who is associated with five-year plans to industrializethe U.S.S.R. (the Soviet Union) and the collectivization (seizing and combining of private farms)?

Joseph Stalin


Set 11 1

Set 11-1

What was the purpose of Stalin’s Great Purge?

To eliminate any potential threats to his power


Set 11 2

Set 11-2

What happened in the Ukraine as a result of collectivization?

They resisted it and so Stalincut them off thus causing a forced famine which starved millions


Set 11 3

Set 11-3

Who makes decisions concerning production in a command economy?

The government


Set 11 4

Set 11-4

Why did the Japanese invade China and other nations in the 1930s (what did they want)?

Raw materials for manufacturing


Set 11 5

Set 11-5

What form of government can be described as extreme nationalism where the state is more important than individuals and blind loyalty to the leader is required?

Fascism


Set 11 6

Set 11-6

Why were fascistdictators able to take power in Italy, Germany, and Spain after the Great Depression?

Economic hardship creates political instability (government instability)


Set 11 7

Set 11-7

Name the Fascistleader who ruled Italy…

Benito Mussolini


Set 11 8

Set 11-8

Name the fascistleader who ruled Germany…

Adolf Hitler


Set 11 9

Set 11-9

Name the fascistleader who ruled Spain…

Francisco Franco


Set 11 10

Set 11-10

Which fascist leader took power as a result of the failure of the Weimar Republic?

Adolf Hitler


Set 11 11

Set 11-11

What policy used by the League of Nations and Europeanleaders attempted to avoid conflict by giving into aggressive leaders?

Appeasement


Set 11 12

Set 11-12

Many people believe the harsh terms of what treaty led to World War II?

The Treaty of Versailles


Set 11 13

Set 11-13

The attack of this nation by the Nazis is considered the start of World War II?

Poland


Set 11 14

Set 11-14

Which nation violated the human rights of the Chinese in Nanjing?

Japan


Set 11 15

Set 11-15

Why was the League of Nations not able to stop German, Italian, and Japaneseaggression?

Its military was too weak and its members were often afraid to act


Set 11 16

Set 11-16

What term means the mass killing of an ethnic group?

Genocide


Set 11 17

Set 11-17

Name three groups who have been victims of genocide…

•Armenians (Turkey during WWI)

•Jews (Germany during WWII)

•Cambodians (Cold War era)

•Tutsis (Rwanda 1994)

•Bosnians (Bosnia 1995)

•Sudanese (Darfur 2003-2006)


Set 11 18

Set 11-18

What term refers to the Nazi genocide of the Jews?

The Holocaust


Set 11 19

Set 11-19

What mistake was made by both Napoleonand Hitlerwhen they invaded Russia?

Invading Russia in the winter while short on supplies


Set 11 20

Set 11-20

What massive attack by the Allied Powers on the shores of Normandy, France forced Germany to fight on two fronts?

The D-Day Invasion


Set 12 1

Set 12-1

The Japanese attack on what naval base drew the Americans into World War II?

Pearl Harbor (In Hawaii)


Set 12 2

Set 12-2

Name the two Japanese cities upon which the atomic bombs were dropped…

Hiroshima& Nagasaki


Set 12 3

Set 12-3

At what event were Nazis tried for their war crimes?

The Nuremberg Trials


Set 12 4

Set 12-4

Which Asiannation developed a strong export economy “economic miracle” after being occupied by the US following WWII?

Japan


Set 12 5

Set 12-5

Name two freedoms that are often repressed by Communistgovernments in order to maintain power…

•Freedom of speech

•Freedom of the press

•Freedom of protest


Set 12 6

Set 12-6

Name at least two events that have caused mass migrations of people…

•Irish Potato Famine

•Partition of India

•People seeking jobs

•People fleeing genocide

•Division of Berlin & Korea

•Zionism (Jews moving to Palestine)


Set 12 7

Set 12-7

What 3 nations were divided into communist and non-communist portions following World War II?

1.Vietnam

2.Korea

3.Germany


Set 12 8

Set 12-8

Which portion (capitalist or communist) of divided Germany and divided Korea had the better economy?

The Capitalist portion


Set 12 9

Set 12-9

Why was the Berlin Wall built?

To keep people from East Berlin (communist) from moving into West Berlin (democratic)


Set 12 10

Set 12-10

What was the purpose of the Berlin Airlift?

To fly supplies into West Berlin (the democratic portion) and over the Soviet blockade


Set 12 11

Set 12-11

Which two nations were superpowers during the Cold War?

The United States and the Soviet Union (USSR)


Set 12 12

Set 12-12

What term refers to the policy of not joining either NATO or the Warsaw Pact during the Cold War?

Non-alignment (led by India)


Set 12 13

Set 12-13

What was the purpose of the Marshall Plan?

To lend economic support to struggling nations in Europeto keep them from embracing communism


Set 12 14

Set 12-14

What was the purpose of the Truman Doctrine?

To issue a warning the United States would do anything to stop the spread of communism


Set 12 15

Set 12-15

What two major alliances were formed during the Cold War?

The North Atlantic treaty Organization (NATO& the Warsaw pact


Set 12 16

Set 12-16

What was the name of the Eastern European communistalliance during the Cold War?

The Warsaw Pact


Set 12 17

Set 12-17

What was the name of the Western European and Americandemocraciesalliance during the Cold War?

NATO


Set 12 18

Set 12-18

Name three nations that were Soviet Satellites during the Cold War…

Poland, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary


Set 12 19

Set 12-19

Name the war…

•NATO & the Warsaw Pact

•Communism vs Democracy

•The Space Race

•The Iron Curtain

The Cold War


Set 12 20

Set 12-20

Name the War…

•The Korean War

•The Vietnam War

•The Berlin Blockade

•Soviet Satellites

The Cold War


Set 13 1

Set 13-1

Name the war…

•Truman Doctrine

•Marshall Plan

•Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan

•SALT (Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty)

The Cold War


Set 13 2

Set 13-2

Name the war…

•Berlin Blockade

•Cuban missile crisis

•Vietnam war

•Crisis in Guatemala

The Cold War


Set 13 3

Set 13-3

What does MADstand for and during what war was it an issue?

Mutually Assured Destruction during the Cold War


Set 13 4

Set 13-4

What animal is a symbol of Russia or the Soviet Union

The Bear


Set 13 5

Set 13-5

What group replaced the League of Nations after World War II as an organization of nations to maintain collective security (general world peace)?

The United Nations


Set 13 6

Set 13-6

Has the United Nations (UN) been effective in preventing genocide?

Hell no


Set 13 7

Set 13-7

Who determines which goods and services are produced and in what quantities in a market economy?

The producers and consumers


Set 13 8

Set 13-8

Prices and the amount of production in a market economy is determined by what two factors?

Supply and Demand


Set 13 9

Set 13-9

What two agreements (one in Europe and one in North America) led to greater economicinterdependence?

The European Union (EU) & The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)


Set 13 10

Set 13-10

What organization sought to control the supply of oil to also control prices?

OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)


Set 13 11

Set 13-11

Name one positive social change made by Mao Zedong…

Women received equal rights


Set 13 12

Set 13-12

Which type of warfare was used by Ho Chi Minh, Fidel Castro and Mao Zedong?

Guerilla warfare


Set 13 13

Set 13-13

Whose ideas about government were used by Mao Zedong?

Karl Marx


Set 13 14

Set 13-14

Which Chinese leader is known for the Four Modernizations?

Deng Xiaoping


Set 13 15

Set 13-15

Gorbachev’s glasnost and perestroikabrought the USSR closer to what?

democracy


Set 13 16

Set 13-16

Did Deng Xiaoping’s Four Modernizations help the Chinese economy?

Yes, opened up more opportunities & brought them closer to capitalism


Set 13 17

Set 13-17

How did Chinarespond to students protesting for more democratic rights and freedoms at Tiananmen Square in 1989?

With tanks and troops killing hundreds


Set 13 18

Set 13-18

In 1997 control over what city was returned to China?

Hong Kong


Set 13 19

Set 13-19

Tibet, Taiwan and Hong Kong are under the control of what nation?

China


Set 13 20

Set 13-20

India and Pakistanfought many times over the possession of what city?

Kashmir


Set 14 1

Set 14-1

What leader led a nationalist movement (fought for independence) in Kenya?

Jomo Kenyatta


Set 14 2

Set 14-2

What leader led a nationalist movement (fought for independence) in Ghana?

Kwame Nkrumah


Set 14 3

Set 14-3

What term means the people being able to choose their own form of government?

Self-determination


Set 14 4

Set 14-4

What term was given to the legal separation of blacks and whites in South Africa up until 1994?

Apartheid


Set 14 5

Set 14-5

After the end of the Apartheid, who became the first black president of South Africa?

Nelson Mandela


Set 14 6

Set 14-6

Name three people involved in fighting for the end of the Apartheid in South Africa…

1.Nelson Mandela

2.Archbishop Desmond Tutu

3.F.W. de Klerk


Set 14 7

Set 14-7

What term is used to describe the lack of something that people want or need?

Scarcity


Set 14 8

Set 14-8

What did the Hutu-led government in Rwanda want to do with the Tutsipeople?

Kill them all (commit genocide against them)


Set 14 9

Set 14-9

What is it called when the rights people are born with are violated?

Human Rights Violations


Set 14 10

Set 14-10

Name two nations in Africawhere genocide has taken place?

Rwanda & Sudan


Set 14 11

Set 14-11

What has caused the many tribal wars in Africa and the dependence of many African nations on European manufacturedgoods?

The Berlin Conference and the European Colonization of Africa


Set 14 12

Set 14-12

Which Southeast Asian nation fought in wars against Japan, France, and the United States during the 20th century?

Vietnam


Set 14 13

Set 14-13

What Vietnamesenationalistleader fought for independence from the French to make Vietnama communist nation?

Ho Chi Minh


Set 14 14

Set 14-14

Name three nations that at one point were divided into communistand non-communistparts…

1.Germany

2.Korea

3.Vietnam


Set 14 15

Set 14-15

What is guerilla warfare?

Attack, then hide, then repeat


Set 14 16

Set 14-16

Name three leaders who used guerilla warfare in their revolutions…

•Ho Chi Minh

•Mao Zedong

•Fidel Castro


Set 14 17

Set 14-17

Name three leaders who were influenced by the ideas of Karl Marx…

1.Vladimir Lenin (Russia)

2.Joseph Stalin (Soviet Union)

3.Mao Zedong (China)

4.Fidel Castro (Cuba)

5.Ho Chi Minh (Vietnam)

6.Kim Jong Il (N. Korea)


Set 14 18

Set 14-18

In which nation did Pol Pot and his group the Khmer Rouge commit genocide (the killing fields) while setting up a communistgovernment?

Cambodia


Set 14 19

Set 14-19

Which two groups have fought over the area known as Palestine?

Israelis (Jews) & Palestinians(Arab Muslims)


Set 14 20

Set 14-20

What nation essentially promised the land of Palestineto both Jews and Arabs after WWII?

Great Britain


Set 15 1

Set 15-1

What was the significance of the Balfour Declaration?

Indicated to Jews that the British supported their desire for a homeland in Palestine(a British Colony)


Set 15 2

Set 15-2

The following events were part of a dispute between what two groups?

•The Balfour Declaration

•The Six Day War

•The PLO begins the Intifada

•The Camp David Accords

•The Oslo Accords

The Arabs & Israelis


Set 15 3

Set 15-3

What term means rule or control of an area?

Sovereignty


Set 15 4

Set 15-4

What did the Jewsname the territory they were given in Palestine?

Israel


Set 15 5

Set 15-5

What leader of Israeland leader of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation Organization) won the Nobel Peace Prize for signing the Oslo Accords?

Yitzhak Rabin (Israel) & Yasser Arafat (PLO)


Set 15 6

Set 15-6

What two religious groups have battled in Northern Ireland?

The Catholics (IRA) and the Protestants


Set 15 7

Set 15-7

What group has been seeking self-determinationin Iraq and other nations in the Middle East and was attacked with chemical weapons by Saddam Hussein?

The Kurds


Set 15 8

Set 15-8

Any time a person or group is unfairly deprived of life, liberty or property it is considered what?

A human rights violation


Set 15 9

Set 15-9

Islamic fundamentalism in what country led to a revolution that brought the Ayatollah Khomeinito power?

Iran


Set 15 10

Set 15-10

What Islamic State does the United Nations believe is working toward acquiring Atomic Weapons?

Iran


Set 15 11

Set 15-11

What nation invaded Kuwaitin 1990?

Iraq


Set 15 12

Set 15-12

Most of the world’s known oil reserves are located near which geographic area?

The Persian Gulf

(in the Middle East)


Set 15 13

Set 15-13

Which river valley is located in modern day Iraq?

The Tigrisand Euphrates river valley (the Fertile Crescent)


Set 15 14

Set 15-14

The Islamic fundamentalist group known as the Talibantook power in Afghanistan after driving out what superpower?

The Soviet Union


Set 15 15

Set 15-15

The need for what geographic feature caused Russia (the Soviet Union) to expand following WWII?

Warm water ports


Set 15 16

Set 15-16

What was the name of the group in Poland who protested for democracy and freedom from the Soviet Union?

Solidarity


Set 15 17

Set 15-17

The economic and political reforms pushed forward by Mikhail Gorbachev in the Soviet Union were called what?

Perestroika& Glasnost(openness)


Set 15 18

Set 15-18

Gorbachev’s economic reforms in the U.S.S.R. introduced elements of what economic system?

Capitalism


Set 15 19

Set 15-19

Gorbachev’s political reforms in the U.S.S.R. introduced elements of what government system?

democracy


Set 15 20

Set 15-20

Which leader’s policies led to the break-up of the Soviet Union?

Mikhail Gorbachev


Set 16 1

Set 16-1

What event symbolized the end of the Cold War?

The falling or destruction of the Berlin Wall


Set 16 2

Set 16-2

What Serbianleader committed genocide

(ethnic cleansing) against Bosniansafter the break-up of the Soviet Union?

Slobodan Milosevic


Set 16 3

Set 16-3

Both Fidel Castro in Cuba and Mao Zedong in China relied on help from which class of people to win their revolutions?

The Peasants


Set 16 4

Set 16-4

What communistgroup took control of Nicaragua?

The Sandinistas


Set 16 5

Set 16-5

What canal was built to shorten trade routes between the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean?

The Panama Canal


Set 16 6

Set 16-6

What term refers to the overall quality of life within a nation?

Standard of Living


Set 16 7

Set 16-7

Name two events that have improved the overall standard of living throughout the world…

•The Industrial Revolution

•The Green Revolution

•Globalization


Set 16 8

Set 16-8

The Taliban and other Islamic fundamentalist governments have violated the human rights of what group in particular.

Women


Set 16 9

Set 16-9

Why were women able to gain more rights in Industrializednations following WWI?

Because they helped during WWIby replacing men in factories


Set 16 10

Set 16-10

Why were women able to get equal rights in some communistnations including China under Mao Zedong?

Because communismis supposed to create a

classless society (everyone is supposed to be equal)


Set 16 11

Set 16-11

What group of people sought independence

from Indonesia?

The people of East Timor


Set 16 12

Set 16-12

What term refers to the success or failure of various nations’ economies being connected with one another?

Economic Interdependence


Set 16 13

Set 16-13

Name two agreements that led to greater economic interdependence…

•The European Union (EU)

•The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)


Set 16 14

Set 16-14

The burning of fossil fuels is believed to be the cause of what environmental problem?

Global Warming


Set 16 15

Set 16-15

What protective layer of the atmosphere has been eroding due to air pollution?

The Ozone


Set 16 16

Set 16-16

What environmental problem was caused by the industrial revolution?

Pollution


Set 16 17

Set 16-17

What area of the world has been hit hard by deforestation during the 20th century?

The Amazon Basin in South America


Set 16 18

Set 16-18

Drought and the overgrazing of grasslandshas caused what environmental problem in regions just South of the Sahara in Africa?

Desertification


Set 16 19

Set 16-19

What Soviet town (in the Ukraine) experienced a nuclear disaster in 1986?

Chernobyl


Set 16 20

Set 16-20

What revolution included the use of pesticides, fertilizers, and genetic engineering in plants to increase food production throughout the world?

The Green Revolution


Set 17 1

Set 17-1

What epidemic has become a major concern especially in Africa?

HIV and AIDS


Set 17 2

Set 17-2

What term refers to the increased number of nations obtaining nuclear technology and the weapons that come with it?

Nuclear Proliferation


Set 17 3

Set 17-3

Which two rivals on the Indian subcontinent both have nuclear weapons?

India and Pakistan


Set 17 4

Set 17-4

Which two nations are currently developing nuclear weapons and causing concern for the rest of the world?

Iran& North Korea


Set 17 5

Set 17-5

What term refers to the increased economic interactions throughout the world due to the internetand other advancements?

Globalization


Set 17 6

Set 17-6

Name at least three examples of a peninsula…

1.Korea

2.India

3.Italy

4.Spain

5.Saudi Arabia


Set 17 7

Set 17-7

During the Golden Age of Islam they advanced in what two areas?

Math and Science (astronomy)


Set 17 8

Set 17-8

Name the War…

•Fighting along the Ho Chi Minh trail

•Guerrilla Warfare

•Americans protesting the war

•Domino theory

Vietnam War


Set 17 9

Set 17-9

Name the War…

•38th Parallel

•Communism vs democracy

•Divided after WWII

Korean War


Set 17 10

Set 17-10

Name the War…

•Assassination of ArchdukeFerdinand

•Trench Warfare

•Treaty of Versailles

•Wilson’s 14 Points

World War I


Set 17 11

Set 17-11

Name the War…

•Stalin

•Hitler

•Mussolini

•FDR

•Churchill

World War II


Set 17 12

Set 17-12

Name the War…

•Holocaust

•Pearl Harbor

•Hiroshima & Nagasaki

•D-Day invasion

World War II


Set 17 13

Set 17-13

What type of government exists when a leader has total control over everything in society?

Totalitarian Dictatorship


Set 17 14

Set 17-14

Name two leaders famous for using religious tolerance.

  • Akbar the Great (the Mughals of India)

  • Queen Elizabeth (of England)


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