EFL learners’ language use and oral fluency . Nancy. Introduction. The fullest competence in the target language is achieved by means of the teacher providing a rich TL environment ( Chaudron , 1988, p.121). To communicate in that language. At the early stage, learners need to use the
EFL learners’ language use and oral fluency
Setting: They took out their book.
Teacher: Everyone take out your student book first.
S1-S6: I’m first. (together)
S4: May I go to the classroom? (He forgot his book in another classroom.)
Setting: They didn’t know how to use the sentence (Can you help me?). The teacher taught them and they imitated and repeated after teacher.
S4: Teacher, 幫我丟垃圾。 Help me throw the trash. (Chinese)
Teacher: Say “Can you help me?”
S2: Can you help me?
S1 and S5: Can you help me?
Teacher: Ok. Give it to me.
Students got 5 points in the following sentences:
Can you help me?
According to Nation and Brumfit, fluency includes the speed and flow of production and the degree of control of language items. For young learners, it may be easy for them to control short simple sentences and produce short sentences.
The results indicated that the participants use the classroom language frequently and their oral fluency could be promoted gradually.
The participants can use the sentences frequently and it could result in automatization of language use.
Their oral fluency could be promoted through the automatization of language use.
According to Willis (1998), he asserted that learners need practice in form, meaning and use and they will perform well if they have practice in forming new structures. Through the repetition and practice, they can imitate new sentence structures quickly.
Besides, Nation (1989) pointed out speaking fluency will depend on a range of factors including having quick access to and practicing control of many of the language’s lexical and syntactic devices.
For young learners, short sentences are not lexically complex and the sentence structures are simple. Therefore, they can control the lexical and syntactic devices through repetition and practice and they can produce short simple sentences fluently.
Providing a rich environment can encourage students to communicate in the target language and it could result in the promotion of their oral fluency through language use.
Teaching English through English has the advantages for EFL learners to acquire the target language in the language classroom.
Provide a rich TL environment in teaching a new language and use different teaching techniques in the instruction.