Dilemmas of police administration
1 / 15

Dilemmas of Police Administration - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Dilemmas of Police Administration. James Q. Wilson. Objectives of Police. Order Maintenance Handling Disputes Law Enforcement Applying legal sanctions. Order Maintenance. Lack of agreement about police role Ambiguous laws “Victims” are often less than innocent

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Dilemmas of Police Administration' - talasi

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Dilemmas of police administration l.jpg

Dilemmas of Police Administration

James Q. Wilson

Objectives of police l.jpg
Objectives of Police

  • Order Maintenance

    • Handling Disputes

  • Law Enforcement

    • Applying legal sanctions

Order maintenance l.jpg
Order Maintenance

  • Lack of agreement about police role

  • Ambiguous laws

  • “Victims” are often less than innocent

  • Arrest is not the desired outcome

Law enforcement l.jpg
Law Enforcement

  • Prevent crime

  • Catch criminals

    • How do you measure how much crime the police prevent?

    • Very few “who-dunits” are solved by the police

    • Reduction or Displacement?

    • Suppressing street crime is bad P.R.

Inherent dilemmas l.jpg
Inherent Dilemmas

  • Lack of agreement on what successful order maintenance is in a heterogeneous society

  • Finding a strategy which permits the realization of effective law enforcement without alienating segments of the community

Criticisms l.jpg

  • Bad men…

  • Police do the wrong things…


  • Put the police under the control of the public

Why this wont work l.jpg
Why This Wont Work:

  • Police are timid about enforcing laws against their “bosses”

  • Involvement in conflict would still have unhappy results

  • Potential for abuse against “outsiders” still exists

  • Conflict due to heterogeneity would still exist & police would be seen as choosing sides

The nature of policing l.jpg
The Nature of Policing

  • The dilemmas of managing the police arises less from the quality of the officers or the level at which authority is exercised and more from thenature of the police function.

  • Like mental health professionals, the police are given a task they cannot perform, yet they must try to perform it.

Why does it work in some places l.jpg
Why Does it Work in Some Places?

  • Small communities

  • Financially well-off

  • High level of cooperation with police


    • Few incidents of public disorder

    • Few crimes against people (murder, rape, mugging…)

    • Police & community share a common definition of who is “suspicious”

Racial complication l.jpg
Racial Complication

  • The fundamental problem of policing is one of socioeconomic status complicated by race

    • Are cops racist? Is this the problem?

    • Will a diverse force solve the problems police face in the community?

Implications l.jpg

  • Substantial improvement in police-community relations rely on changes in the structure of American society

What should the police do l.jpg
What Should the Police Do?

  • Recognize order maintenance as their primary function

Benefits of order maintenance l.jpg
Benefits of Order Maintenance

  • Officers judged by ability to keep the peace, not arrests or tickets

  • More options for handling disorder

  • The need for information will lead to local control (decentralization)

  • Strengthening of command

  • Master patrol officers

Making the change l.jpg
Making the Change

  • Police Officers as Craftsmen

    • No written body of knowledge

    • Learning through apprenticeship

    • Respect earned (or not) from coworkers

    • Special skills set the police apart from civilians

  • Organization & Leadership, not policies will lead to change

What about law enforcement l.jpg
What About Law Enforcement?

  • Often exaggerated

  • Should be organized differently than order maintenance (centralized command)

  • Bad for community relations

  • Shouldn’t expect much crime prevention

  • Look to other agencies for solutions (i.e. Corrections) . . .