9.10.2 Forces. 1 Forces 2 Friction 3 Forces and Equilibrium. Learning Goals. Define force as a vector and describe how it is measured. Explain how forces are created. Compare and contrast types of forces. Key Question: What is force and how is it measured?. What is a Newton?.
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What is force and how is it measured?
A force is a push or pull, or an action that has the ability to change motion.
Forces can increase or decrease the speed of a moving object.
Forces can also change the direction in which an object is moving.
All forces in the universe come from only four basic forces.
Electromagnetic forces are important to technology.
Gravity is a universal force.
Inewton (N) is about the weight of a 0.102 kg mass
The x- and y-axes show the strength of the force in the x and y directions.
When drawing a force vector to show its strength, you must also choose a scale.
Can you draw the x-axis vector?
Classify these forces as contact forces or the result of force fields.
Which of these springs is designed to be stretched?
Which is designed to be compressed?
Weight depends on mass and gravity
A 10-kilogram rock has the same mass no matter where it is in the universe. On Earth, the10 kg. rock weighs 98 N.. On the moon, the same rock only weighs 16 N.
Sig. fig. = 600 N
Sig. fig. = 200 N
How does gravity affect the motion of falling objects?
How does friction affect motion?
How do you think these shoes increase friction?
In what direction will this plane go?
When several forces act on the same object:
The normal force is sometimes called the support force.
Is this object in equilibrium?
Two chains are used to support a small boat weighing 1,500 newtons.
One chain has a tension of 600 newtons.
What is the force exerted by the other chain?