World War I. Mr. Stikes. SSUSH15 The student will analyze the origins and impact of U.S. involvement in World War I. a. Describe the movement from U.S. neutrality to engagement in World War I, with reference to unrestricted submarine warfare.
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World War I
SSUSH15 The student will analyze the origins and impact of U.S. involvement in World War I.
a. Describe the movement from U.S. neutrality to engagement in World War I, with reference to unrestricted submarine warfare.
b. Explain the domestic impact of World War I, as reflected by the origins of the Great Migration, the Espionage Act, and socialist Eugene Debs.
c. Explain Wilson’s Fourteen Points and the proposed League of Nations.
d. Describe passage of the Eighteenth Amendment, establishing Prohibition, and the Nineteenth Amendment, establishing women’s suffrage.
The effect of the war upon the United States will depend upon what American citizens say and do. Every man who really loves America will act and speak in the true spirit of neutrality, which is the spirit of impartiality and fairness and friendliness to all concerned…
…The United States must be neutral in fact, as well as in name, during these days that are to try men's souls. We must be impartial in thought, as well as action…
German warning to American passengers
Should the U.S. remain neutral?
"The world must be made safe for democracy. Its peace must be planted upon the tested foundations of political liberty… It is a fearful thing to lead this great peaceful people into war, into the most terrible and disastrous of all wars, civilization itself seeming to be in, the balance. But the right is more precious than peace, and we shall fight for the things which we have always carried nearest our hearts--for democracy, for the right of those who submit to authority to have a voice in their own governments, for the rights and liberties of small nations, for a universal dominion of right by such a concert of free peoples as shall bring peace and safety to all nations and make the world itself at last free…"
Socialism: system of government that argues the workers should control the government and that government should own industry, ex. Communism
Eugene Debs and socialism
Espionage Act and Privacy
Debs was a pacifist. He, along with many other socialists, argued that the United States should not enter World War I
Passed by Congress December 18, 1917.
Ratified January 16, 1919.
Repealed by amendment 21.
Section 1.After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.
Passed by Congress June 4, 1919.
Ratified August 18, 1920.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
suffrage: right to vote