Bebe Johnson, MPA Advanced ATOD Prevention Specialist Current and Emerging Drug Trends Bath Salts. SYNTHETIC COCAINE/MDVP Methadrone (US) Mephedrone (UK) Duration of effects 2-5 hours. Dangerous Bath Salts/Synthetic Cocaine. What is Synthetic Cocaine?. A synthetic stimulant
MDPV was developed in the 1960s, and has been used for the treatment of chronic fatigue, but caused problems of abuse and dependence.
MDPV is a powerful stimulant that functions as a dopamine-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (NDRI). It has stimulatory effects on the central nervous system and cardiovascular system.
Physical: rapid heartbeat, increase in blood pressure, vasoconstriction, sweating.
Mental: euphoria, increases in alertness & awareness, increased wakefulness and arousal, anxiety, agitation, perception of a diminished requirement for food and sleep.
MDPV reportedly has four times the potency of Ritalin and Concerta.
The effects have a duration of roughly 3 to 4 hours, with after effects such as tachycardia, hypertension, and mild stimulation lasting from 6 to 8 hours.
High doses have been observed to cause intense, prolonged panic attacks in stimulant-intolerant users, and there are anecdotal reports of psychosis from sleep withdrawal and addiction at higher doses or more frequent dosing intervals
Governor Rick Perry signed House Bill 2118 into law, which places several chemicals used to make the drugs into the Texas Controlled Substances Act. Two of the common active ingredients in “Bath Salts” are Mephedrone Methylenedioxypyrovalerone, also known as MDPV (synthetic cocaine)
The penalties for having these “bath Salts” would be a state jail felony for those who have less than 1 gram,a second-degree felony for possessing 1 gram to 4 grams, and a first-degree felony for possessing 4 grams or more, but less than 400 grams.