What is a Group? History of Groups Outline. Class Exercise What is a group? Members of groups interact Groups have structure Groups have goals Members identify themselves as a group Groups have two or more members History of group dynamics Late 19 th Century & LeBon
1) List everything you do in a typical day from the moment you wake up to the moment you fall asleep.
2) Write at least ten different answers to the following question: Who am I?
3) Count on your list all of the activities you perform with groups and those you perform alone. Calculate a percentage of group activities.
4) Count on your list descriptions that include information about the groups we belong to (and those that don’t). Calculate a percentage.
Tension between 2 goals:
Study of groups began in late 1800s
Roots in psychology and sociology
Collective mind (LeBon)
presence of others compared to when alone
“There is no more magic behind the fact that groups have properties of their own, which are different than the properties of their subgroups or their individual members, than behind the fact that molecules have properties which are different from the properties of the atoms or ions of which they are composed.” -Lewin
Groups could be studied scientifically
B = f (P, E)
Research Center for Group Dynamics
Adapted experimentation to the problems of group life
In 1950s sociologists looked at groups as miniature social systems
Forefathers of sociological thought:
New Measurement techniques:
Interaction Process Analysis