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Planning to Make^ N.E . Indiana Elder-Friendly . Philip B. Stafford, Ph.D. , Director, Center on Aging & Community, Indiana Institute on Disability & Community Indiana University. So what is a livable community for older adults? …an elder-friendly community?.

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Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Planning to Make^N.E.Indiana Elder-Friendly

Philip B. Stafford, Ph.D. , Director, Center on Aging & Community, Indiana Institute on Disability & Community

Indiana University


So what is a livable community for older adults an elder friendly community

So what is a livable community for older adults?…an elder-friendly community?


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Central Avenue 1960 Bruce Tibbo, St. Pete Times


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Green bench graveyard 1969 Tom Bennett St. Pete Times


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Central Avenue 1984

Maria Vesperi


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Central Avenue, 1999


Not when is old age but where is old age

Not “When is old age?”but“Where is old age?”


Old people everywhere

“Old people everywhere.”

Christopher Alexander

A Pattern Language


Our work should help create good places to grow up and grow old livable lifespan communities

Our work should help create good places to grow up and grow old…livable, lifespan communities


Indiana partnerships for lifespan communities

Indiana Partnerships for Lifespan Communities

“…a comprehensive, participatory, and data driven initiative to create good places to grow up and grow old in Indiana.”

Aging in Place

Initiative


Indiana partnerships for lifespan communities1

Indiana Partnerships for Lifespan Communities

  • State level partnerships and Steering Committee

  • Professional Development workshops statewide

  • Fund Development for statewide survey and community engagement

Years One and Two: Groundwork


Indiana partnerships for lifespan communities2

Indiana Partnerships for Lifespan Communities

The first application of the AdvantAge Initiative on a statewide basis


Advantage initiative survey conducted in

Six neighborhoods of Chicago, IL

Indianapolis, IN

Jacksonville, FL

Lincoln Square, NYC

Maricopa County, AZ

Orange County, FL

Puyallup, WA

Santa Clarita, CA

Upper West Side, NYC

Yonkers, NY

RWJ CPFOA Communities

National Survey

Grand Rapids, MI

Contra Costa County, CA

Parsippany, NJ

Newaygo County, MI

St. Joseph County, IN

Elkhart County, IN

Kosciusko County, IN

LaPorte County, IN

Marshall County, IN

El Paso County, TX

Chinatown, NY

The State of Indiana

AdvantAge Initiative Survey Conducted in:


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

  • Develop a model of an “elder friendly” community

  • Develop a method to measure community “elder-friendliness”

  • Help communities interpret and use this information to create action plans to support older residents’ health, well-being, and independence as well as their social and civic engagement


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

AdvantAge Initiative Strategy

DATA

INFORMATION

ACTION

  • Consumer surveys – catalyst

  • Focus groups

  • Census data

  • Other statistics (assets, health, crime)

  • Framework

  • Indicators

  • Benchmarks

  • Technical assistance

  • Raise awareness

  • Set priorities

  • Design action plans

  • Allocate resources

  • Monitor progress


Indiana partnerships for lifespan communities3

Indiana Partnerships for Lifespan Communities

  • Statewide Survey

  • 4,500 older Hoosiers, 15 samples of 300

  • +5 samples for Neighborhood NORCs (U. Indy Center for Aging &

  • Community)

  • Local engagement

  • 16 mini-grants to support local community participation, e.g.:

    • public awareness

    • convening stakeholders, steering committees

    • small pilots

    • participatory research to supplement survey data

    • inclusion of adults with developmental disabilities

  • Engagement with philanthropy

  • Materials and workshops for Indiana Grantmakers Alliance, United Ways, etc.

Year Three: 2008


Addresses basic needs

The Domain

ADDRESSES BASIC NEEDS

The Dimension

Housing Is Modified To Accommodate

Mobility And Safety

The Indicator

“% of 65+ householders with home mod needs”


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 2.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who want to remain in their current residence and are confident they will be able to afford to do so

Not Very

Confident**

36%

Disagree

3%

Agree*

97%

Very

Confident

64%

Neither/

DK/RF

1%

Unweighted N=289

Weighted N=102,355

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

We asked respondents whether they agree or disagree

with the following statement: “What I’d really like to do is

stay in my current residence for as long as possible.”

For people who answered “agree” we calculated the percentage of adults age 60+ who were very confident/not very confident that they will be able to afford to live in their current residence for as long as they would like.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*Agree includes those who said Strongly agree or Somewhat agree.

**Not Very Confident includes those who said Somewhat confident, Not too confident, Not confident at all, Don’t know, or Refused.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 3.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of householders age 60+ in housing units with home modification needs*

2%

DK/RF

15%

Not planning to modify

No modifications needed

87%

One or more modification needed

13%

Planning to modify

83%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Unweighted N=41

Weighted N=14,272

*People were asked whether their current residence needs any significant repairs, modifications, or changes to improve their ability to live there over the next five years.

*People who said that their homes need modification were asked if they plan to make the change over the next five years.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Type of modification needed

Figure 3.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Type of modification needed

Cosmetic/minor repairs

Structural changes/ major repairs

Bathroom modification

Better heating in the winter

Better cooling in the summer

Accommodations for disabilities

Fix problem with insects/rodents

Medical emergency response system

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Other

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who are satisfied with the neighborhood as a place to live

Figure 6.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who are satisfied with the neighborhood as a place to live*

DK/RF

<1%

Not Very

Satisfied**

16%

Very Satisfied

84%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked how satisfied they are with their neighborhood as a place to live.

**The category “Not very satisfied” includes those who said they were somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied with their neighborhood.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 6.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who are satisfied with the neighborhood as a place to live,* by demographics

Total

Age 60-64

Age 65-74

Age 75+

Women

Men

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

Unweighted N= 300

Weighted N= 106,028

*People were asked how satisfied they are with their neighborhood as a place to live.

**The category “Not very satisfied” includes those who said they were somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied,

or very dissatisfied with their neighborhood.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who feel safe unsafe in their neighborhood

Figure 4.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who feel safe/unsafe in their neighborhood*

Safety-Fair/Poor

Safety-

Good

18%

DK/RF

<1%

6%

Safety-

Excellent/Very Good

76%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked whether safety in their neighborhood is excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Prevalence of perceived neighborhood problems

Figure 5.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Prevalence of Perceived Neighborhood Problems

Crime

People don’t get involved

Traffic

Public transportation

Streets need repair

Not enough arts/culture

Lack of affordable housing

Noise

Streets too dark

Rundown buildings

Distance from parks

Poor public service

Distance from shopping

Unweighted N= 300

Weighted N= 106,028

Traffic lights too few/too fast

*People were read a list of fifteen neighborhood problems and were asked to indicate whether each item posed a big problem, small problem, or no problem in their neighborhood.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 8.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who do not know whom to call if they need information about services in their community*

Other

2%

Family/

Neighbors

Internet/Phone Book/

Other Media

Do Not Know Whom to Call

21%

3%

9%

City/County/

Office of Aging/

Social Services/

Other Agency

34%

Senior Center

13%

Medical

Center/Health

Professional

14%

4%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Church/Synagogue

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked to indicate the best resource, such as a person or an organization, in their city, town, or county to get information on various services.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 8.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who do not know whom to call if they need information about services in their community,* by demographics

Total

Age 60-64

Age 65-74

Age 75+

Women

Men

Unweighted N= 300

Weighted N= 106,028

*People were asked to indicate the best resource, such as a person or an organization, in their city, town, or county to get information on various services.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 8.3, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who do not know whom to call if they need information about services in their community,* by demographics (cont’d)

Total

Education >HS

Education <HS

Ex/vg/good health

Fair/poor health

Live w/others

Live alone

Unweighted N= 300

Weighted N= 106,028

*People were asked to indicate the best resource, such as a person or an organization, in their city, town, or county to get information on various services.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who are aware unaware of selected services in their community

Figure 9.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who are aware/unaware of selected services in their community*

Home

Health

Aide

Home-

maker

Service

Senior

Center

Visiting

Nurse

Meals-

on-

wheels

Special

Trans-

portation

Congregate

Meals

Respite

Home

Repair

Service

Hospice

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

*Respondents were asked whether these 10 services are available in their area.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 10.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ with adequate assistance* in ADL and/or IADL activities

One or More Unmet Need

59%

No Limitations

85%

One or More ADL/IADL

15%

All Needs Are Met

41%

Unweighted N=43

Weighted N=15,592

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

*People were asked whether they need assistance with the following activities: ADLs- taking a bath or a shower, dressing, eating, getting in/out of bed/chair, using/getting to a toilet, getting around inside the home and IADLs-going outside the home, doing light housework, preparing meals, driving a car/using public transportation, taking the right amount of prescribed medication, keeping track of money and bills.

*People who answered “yes” were asked whether they get enough assistance with these activities. Unmet need was defined as not getting help or not getting enough help for one or more ADLs and/or IADLs for which assistance was needed.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 10.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who have one or more limitations with ADL and/or IADL activities,* by demographics

Total

Age 60-64

Age 65-74

Age 75+

Women

Men

*People were asked whether they need assistance with the following activities: ADLs- taking a bath or a shower, dressing, eating, getting in/out of bed/chair, using/getting to a toilet, getting around inside the home and IADLs-going outside the home, doing light housework, preparing meals, driving a car/using public transportation, taking the right amount of prescribed medication, keeping track of money and bills.

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 10.3, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who have one or more limitations with ADL and/or IADL activities,* by demographics (cont’d)

Total

Education >HS

Education <HS

Ex/vg/good health

Fair/poor health

Live w/others

Live alone

*People were asked whether they need assistance with the following activities: ADLs- taking a bath or a shower, dressing, eating, getting in/out of bed/chair, using/getting to a toilet, getting around inside the home and IADLs-going outside the home, doing light housework, preparing meals, driving a car/using public transportation, taking the right amount of prescribed medication, keeping track of money and bills.

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 12.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who thought they needed the help of a health care professional because they felt depressed or anxious and have not seen one (for those symptoms)*

Has not seen a health professional

26%

Needed professional help

Did not need professional help

95%

4%

Has seen a health professional

74%

DK/RF

1%

Unweighted N=12

Weighted N=4,275

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

*People were asked whether in the past year, there was a time when they thought they needed the help of a health professional or a counselor because they felt depressed or anxious.

*People who answered “yes” were asked whether they obtained the professional help or counseling they thought they needed.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who report being in good to excellent health

Figure 14.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who report being in good to excellent health*

DK/RF

1%

Fair/poor**

21%

Excellent/very good/good

79%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked: “Would you say that, in general, your health is Excellent, Very good, Good, Fair, Poor, or Very poor?”

**Includes people who said their health was Fair, Poor, or Very poor.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who report being in good to excellent health by demographics

Figure 14.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who report being in good to excellent health,* by demographics

Total

Age 60-64

Age 65-74

Age 75+

Women

Men

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

Unweighted N= 300

Weighted N= 106,028

*People were asked: “Would you say that, in general, your health is Excellent, Very good, Good, Fair, Poor, or Very poor?”

**Includes people who said their health was Fair, Poor, or Very poor.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 with a usual source of care

Figure 16.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ with a usual source of care*

No usual source of care

Have a usual source of care

95%

5%

DK/RF

<1%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked whether there is a place that they usually go when they are sick or need advice about their health.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 17.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who failed to obtain needed medical care*

Did not obtain care

4%

Did not need medical care

56%

Needed medical are

44%

Obtained care

96%

DK/RF

1%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Unweighted N=131

Weighted N=46,249

*People were asked whether in the past year there was a time when they thought they needed medical care because they felt sick.

*People who answered “yes” were asked whether they saw a medical professional when they felt sick.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who had problems paying for medical care

Figure 18.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who had problems paying for medical care*

DK/RF

<1%

No problem

paying for

medical care

96%

Problem paying for medical care

4%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked whether there was a time in the past 12 months when they did not have enough money to follow up on tests or treatment recommended by a doctor.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who provide help to the frail or disabled

Figure 25.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who provide help to the frail or disabled*

DK/RF

<1%

Provide care

21%

Do not provide care

79%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked whether they provide help or care, or arrange for help or care, for a relative or friend who is unable to do some things for him/herself due to illness or disability.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 25.4, Indiana-Area 3§

Relationship between caregivers age 60+ and care recipients*

Non-relative friend

Parent or in-law

Spouse/partner

Another relative

Child

Other

0%

Unweighted N=62

Weighted N=22,172

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People who said they provide care were asked “What is this person’s relationship to you?”

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 25.6, Indiana-Area 3§

Number of hours per week spent on caregiving among people age 60+ who provide help to the frail or disabled*

More than 10 hours

21%

Don’t Know

12%

4-10 hours

24%

1-3 hours 43%

Unweighted N=62

Weighted N=22,172

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People who said they provide care were asked “On average how many hours per week are you caring for … ”

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Number of years people age 60 provide help to the frail or disabled among those who provide help

Figure 25.5, Indiana-Area 3§

Number of years people age 60+ provide help to the frail or disabled among those who provide help*

More than 3 years

42%

Don’t know

6%

<1 year

15%

1-3 years

37%

Unweighted N=62

Weighted N=22,172

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People who said they provide care were asked “In total, how long have you been caring for … ”

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 26.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who get respite/relief from their caregiving activity*

No respite

34%

Do not provide caregiving

79%

Provide caregiving

21%

Get respite

66%

DK/RF

<1%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Unweighted N=62

Weighted N=22,172

*People were asked whether they provide help or care, or arrange for help or care, for a relative or friend who is unable to do some things for him/herself due to illness or disability.

*People were asked whether they get relief from their caregiving responsibilities.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 11.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Rates of screening and vaccination for various conditions amongpeople 60+*

Percentage of seniors who received each preventive service in the past year

Flu Shot

Blood Pressure

PSA Test**

Eye Exam

Hearing

Test

Physical Exam

Bone Density Test

Mammogram

***

*People were asked whether they had any of the preventive measures or tests above in the past 12 months.

Unweighted N= 300

Weighted N= 106,028

**PSA (prostate cancer screening) test for men only (Unweighted N=151; Weighted N=45,921)

***Mammogram for women only (Unweighted N=149; Weighted N=60,107)

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who had a mammogram in the past year by demographics

Figure 11.10, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who had a mammogram* in the past year, by demographics

Total

Age 60-64

Age 65-74

Age 75+

*Mammogram for women only

Unweighted N= 149

Weighted N= 60,107

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who had a mammogram in the past year by demographics cont d

Figure 11.11, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who had a mammogram* in the past year, by demographics (cont’d)

Total

Education >HS

Education <HS

Ex/vg/good health

Fair/poor health

Live w/others

Live alone

*Mammogram for women only

Unweighted N= 149

Weighted N= 60,107

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 69 who participate in regular leisure time activity

Figure 15.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 69+ who participate in regular leisure time activity*

No activity

36%

Some

activity

21%

Regular leisure time activity

43%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*“Regular leisure time activity” is defined as 1) light or moderate activity that causes light sweating or a light to moderate increase in breathing or heart rate and occurs five or more times per week for at least 30 minutes each time, and/or 2) vigorous activity that causes heavy sweating or large increases in breathing or heart rate and occurs three or more times per week for at least 20 minutes each time. People who engage in other combinations of the two types of physical activities described above are included in the category “some activity.” Those who are unable to or do not engage or seldom engage in physical activity are included in the category “no activity.”

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who participate in regular leisure time activity by demographics

Figure 15.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who participate in regular leisure time activity,* by demographics

Total

Age 60-64

Age 65-74

Age 75+

Women

Men

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*“Regular leisure time activity” is defined as 1) light or moderate activity that causes light sweating or a light to moderate increase in breathing or heart rate and occurs five or more times per week for at least 30 minutes each time, and/or 2) vigorous activity that causes heavy sweating or large increases in breathing or heart rate and occurs three or more times per week for at least 20 minutes each time. People who engage in other combinations of the two types of physical activities described above are included in the category “some activity.” Those who are unable to or do not engage in physical activity are included in the category “no activity.”

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who participate in regular leisure time activity by demographics cont d

Figure 15.3, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who participate in regular leisure time activity,* by demographics (cont’d)

Total

Education >HS

Education <HS

Ex/vg/good health

Fair/poor health

Live w/others

Live alone

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*“Regular leisure time activity” is defined as 1) light or moderate activity that causes light sweating or a light to moderate increase in breathing or heart rate and occurs five or more times per week for at least 30 minutes each time, and/or 2) vigorous activity that causes heavy sweating or large increases in breathing or heart rate and occurs three or more times per week for at least 20 minutes each time. People who engage in other combinations of the two types of physical activities described above are included in the category “some activity.” Those who are unable to or do not engage in physical activity are included in the category “no activity.”

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who have access to public transportation

Figure 22.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who have access to public transportation*

No

45%

Yes, but too limited to be useful

Don’t know

6%

5%

Yes

45%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked whether public transportation is available in their community.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Means of transportation used most frequently

Figure 22.3, Indiana-Area 3§

Means of transportation used most frequently*

Ride in

a car

13%

Drive a car

87%

Public transportation

<1%

Other,** <1%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked which means of transportation they use most frequently.

**Includes taxi, walk, special transportation, and other.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who socialized with friends or neighbors in the past week

Figure 27.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who socialized with friends or neighbors in the past week*

Did not socialize

33%

Socialized

67%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked if they got together with friends or neighbors during the past week.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who attended church temple or other in the past week

Figure 28.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who attended church, temple, or other in the past week*

Did not attend

38%

RF

<1%

Attended

61%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked if they went to church, temple, or another place of worship for services or other activities during the past week.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 29.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who attended movies, sports events, clubs, or group events in the past week*

Did not attend

27%

Attended

73%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked if they went to a movie, play, concert, restaurant, sporting event, club meeting, card game, or other social activity during the past week.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 30.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who engaged in at least one social, religious, or cultural activity in the past week

None

9%

Engaged in one or more activity

91%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who participate in volunteer work

Figure 31.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who participate in volunteer work*

Participate in volunteer work

43%

Do not participate in volunteer work

57%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People were asked if they do volunteer work and if so what type of volunteer work they do.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 31.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Number of hours people age 60+ spend volunteering, among those who volunteer*

Less than five

hours per week

Five to nine

hours per week

Ten hours or

more per week

Unweighted N=131

Weighted N=45,602

Don’t know

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

*People who said they volunteer were asked how many hours they usually spend per week doing volunteer work.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Figure 33.1, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who would like to be working for pay*

DK/RF

2%

Would like to work for pay

20%

Working

part time

11%

Not working

76%

Would not like to work for pay

78%

Working full time

12%

DK/RF

<1%

Unweighted N=300

Weighted N=106,028

Unweighted N=228

Weighted N=81,085

*People were asked what their current employment status is.

*People who were not working were asked whether they would like to be working for pay.

Note: Percentages may not add up to 100% due to rounding and/or missing information.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who would like to be working for pay by demographics

Figure 33.2, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who would like to be working for pay,* by demographics

Total

Age 60-64

Age 65-74

Age 75+

Women

Men

Base: Currently not working

Unweighted N= 228

Weighted N= 81,085

*People who were not working were asked whether they would like to be working for pay.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


Percentage of people age 60 who would like to be working for pay by demographics cont d

Figure 33.3, Indiana-Area 3§

Percentage of people age 60+ who would like to be working for pay,* by demographics (cont’d)

Total

Education >HS

Education <HS

Ex/vg/good health

Fair/poor health

Live w/others

Live alone

Base: Currently not working

Unweighted N= 228

Weighted N= 81,085

*People who were not working were asked whether they would like to be working for pay.

‡ This percentage is based on fewer than 20 respondents (Unweighted N<20) and should be interpreted with caution.

§ Area 3 includes Adams, Allen, De Kalb, Huntington, Lagrange, Noble, Steuben, Wells, & Whitley Counties.

Source: AdvantAge Initiative Community Survey in Indiana 2008


From information to knowledge

From Information to Knowledge

  • “We’d buy half a loaf of bread if somebody offered it to us.”

  • “When I cross a busy street I start to limp so cars will pay attention.”


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

Stakeholders

Who knows about the issue?

Who cares about it?

Community Change

Who can do something about it?


Planning to make n e indiana elder friendly

“Every human community, if it is to last, must exert a kind of centripetal force, holding local soil and local memory in place.”Wendell Berry


Contact information

Contact Information

  • Philip B. Stafford, Ph.D.

  • Director, Center on Aging and Community, Indiana Institute on Disability & Community, 2853 East Tenth, Bloomington, IN, 47408

  • (812) 855-2163

  • [email protected]


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