Sonnets
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Sonnets. Major literary form All have 14 lines and follow a rhyme scheme Sonnet Cycles: Series of sonnets that explore a person or theme, usually love. Designed to be read as a series, but all poems should stand alone. Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet.

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Sonnets
Sonnets

  • Major literary form

  • All have 14 lines and follow a rhyme scheme

  • Sonnet Cycles: Series of sonnets that explore a person or theme, usually love.

  • Designed to be read as a series, but all poems should stand alone.


Petrarchan italian sonnet
Petrarchan (Italian) Sonnet

  • Named after Petrarch (1304-1374), an Italian Poet

  • Divided in octave (eight lines) and sextet (six lines)

  • Octave poses a problem, and sextet offers a solution to that problem.

  • Rhyme scheme: abbaabbacdcdcd

  • Another rhyme scheme: abbaabbacdecde


English shakespearean sonnet
English (Shakespearean) Sonnet

  • Used by many writers throughout the English Renaissance (ie. Shakespeare, Sidney).

  • Divided into three quatrains (four lines) and a final couplet (two lines)

  • Usually written in iambic pentameter, though not always, and not consistently

  • Rhyme scheme: ababcdcdefefgg


Spenserian sonnet
Spenserian Sonnet

  • Used by Edmund Spencer.

  • Variation of English Sonnet

  • Rhyme Scheme: ababbcbccdcdee


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