CLASSICAL CONDITIONING. A type of learning in which a neutral stimulus is presented repeatedly with one that reflexively elicits a particular response so the neutral stimulus will eventually elicit the response itself.Ivan Pavlov . OPERANT CONDITIONING. A type of learning in which behavior is increased or decreased by systemically changing its consequences..
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Emphasized the overriding importance of the environmental events, rejecting covert aspects of the individual. He claimed that all behavior could be understood as a result of learning. (Nature vs. Nurture)
Actions that can be directly observed by others.
The process by which the introduction of a stimulus has a consequence of a behavior that increases the likelihood that the behavior will be performed.
Gradually reinforcing certain parts of a behavior to more closely approximate the desired behavior.
Transferring the response from one type of stimuli to similar stimuli.
Responding differentially to stimuli that are similarly based on different cues or antecedent events.
The process of no longer presenting a reinforcement. It is used to decrease or eliminate certain behaviors.
Believed behavior was based on three interacting systems;
a) external stimulus,
b) external reinforcement, and
c) cognitive mediational processes.
Psychological functioning involves a reciprocal interaction among three interlocking sets of influences: behavior, cognitive processes, and environmental factors.
A type of learning is which people are influenced by observing the behaviors of others.
Behavior that others cannot directly perceive, such as thinking or feeling.
The act of perceiving or watching something and learning from it.
This basically refers to remembering that which has been observed.
For observations to be put into action and then continued for some time, reinforcement must be present. Reinforcement brings about motivation.
strategies & interventions.
The therapist’s role is also modeling behavior for the client.