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Women’s Rights and their Roles

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11.10.7 Analyze the women’s rights movement including the differing perspectives on the roles of Women. Women’s Rights and their Roles. Explain the impact of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 Describe the 24 th amendment and it’s effects. Analyze the effects of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

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11.10.7

Analyze the women’s rights movement including the differing perspectives on the roles of Women.

Women’s Rights and their Roles

prior knowledge

Explain the impact of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

Describe the 24th amendment and it’s effects.

Analyze the effects of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

Describe de facto segregation

Describe de jure segregation

Prior knowledge
seneca falls convention

Held in Seneca Falls, New York in 1848

  • Organized by Elizabeth Stanton
  • 300 women stated grievances (complaints), the needs for equal rights, and right to vote.
  • Women strongly involved in movements for:
    • Abolition of slavery
    • Temperance (self-control)
    • Progressivism
Seneca falls convention

Explain the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention

the road towards the 19 th amendment

Elizabeth Stanton and Susan B. Anthony establish suffrage group in 1890

  • Before WWI: Protests were successful in some states
    • Gained suffrage (right to vote)
  • During WWI: Women worked in defense industry
    • Proved their abilities
  • 19th Amendment granted woman suffrage (right to vote) in 1920
The road towards the 19th amendment

Susan B. Anthony

What is a suffrage movement?

What is the impact of the 19th Amendment?

world wars brings changes

Women were needed to work in new roles

    • Manufacturing
    • Business
    • Military
  • Fashions and social roles changed
    • flappers
    • independent
  • **not limited to the roles of homemaker and mother
World Wars brings changes

Analyze the change in women’s roles due to the Wars

women s liberation movement 60 s 70 s

Feminism:

    • Belief that women should have economic, political, and social equality with men.
  • More women worked outside the home, but were limited to certain jobs.
    • Clerical work, domestic service, social work, and teaching.
  • Women became involved in political activism
    • **led to women’s liberation movement
    • Found that women were paid less than men
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned discrimination based on gender
    • Established EEOC
    • Male/female
Women’s liberation movement 60’s & 70’s

What is Feminism?

Describe the roles of women outside the home

women s liberation movement emerges

The Feminine Mystique (by Betty Friedan)

    • Captured the discontent that many women were feeling
  • By late 1960’s, women begin working together for change
Women’s liberation movement emerges

Discuss the impact of “The Feminine Mystique”

national organization for women now

Founded by 28 women in 1966

    • Including Betty Friedan 
  • NOW pushed for
    • Equal rights in work
    • Equal rights in education
    • Right to choose abortion
      • Roe v. Wade court case
        • Court ruled women have right to choose abortion during first 3 months of pregnancy
  • 175,000 members in first 3 years
National organization for women (NOW)

What was NOW?

What did it push for?

Was it successful?

equal rights amendment era

ERA passed by congress in 1972

    • Would guarantee both men and women enjoy same rights and protection under the law.
    • Needed the support of 38 states to become part of the Constitution.
    • Did not pass
  • Due to conservative opposition led by Phyllis Schlafly
    • Claimed that women should stay at home and raise children
    • Men should provide for the family
Equal Rights amendment (ERA)

Trace the progress and fate of the ERA.

review

1. Describe the significance of the Seneca Falls Convention.

2. Explain the change in the of roles of women over the 20th century.

3. List the goals of National Organization for Women (NOW).

4. Compare and contrast Betty Friedman and Phyllis Shlafly.

Review
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