On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon
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On Constructing a Chinese Task-oriental Subjectivity Lexicon. Xu Xiaoying 许小颖 School of Chinese Language & Culture, Beijing Normal University Tao Jianhua 陶建华 NLPR, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences Li Ya 李雅 NLPR, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

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On Constructing a Chinese Task-oriental Subjectivity Lexicon

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On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

On Constructing a Chinese Task-oriental Subjectivity Lexicon

  • Xu Xiaoying许小颖

  • School of Chinese Language & Culture, Beijing Normal University

  • Tao Jianhua 陶建华

  • NLPR, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • Li Ya 李雅

  • NLPR, Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

1.引言

  • 工作的总结和基础性问题的讨论


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

情感语音研究

  • 汉语情感系统中情感划分的研究(2003)

  • Categorizing Emotional Vocabularies in Chinese Natural Language Communication(2008)


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

文本意见挖掘

  • Categorizing Terms’ Subjectivity and Polarity Manually for Opinion Mining in Chinese. (2009)

  • Automatic Parsing of the Metaphor Polarity for Opinion Mining. (2012)


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

情绪脑认知

  • 裁判员示意队员离开球场。

  • 裁判员威胁队员离开球场。

  • 旧社会地主雇佣长工。

  • 旧社会地主剥削长工。


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

2 不同任务下的主观性词库标注

  • Human’s emotion is sophisticated.

  • Picard (1997) notes that phenomena vary in duration, ranging from short-lived feelings, through emotions, to moods, and ultimately to long-lived, slowly-changing personality characteristics.


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

2.1 基于意见挖掘的词库----态度

  • 极性----精细(fine-grained)的情感态度

  • “anger 愤怒” ----“strongly negative”

  • “happy 喜悦”----“strongly positive”

  • “excited 激动”---- “strongly positive” or “strongly negative”


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

  • 同意 赞成

  • 喝彩 欢呼

  • 悲剧 惨剧 障碍

  • 怨声载道 抗议

  • 旧社会 地主

  • 我能说脏话吗?

  • 你妈叫你回家吃饭。


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

2.2 基于情感语音的词库----情绪/ 个性

  • 愤怒喜悦激动

  • 经得住(考验)

  • 柔弱

  • 我能说脏话吗?

  • 你妈叫你回家吃饭。


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

2.3 其他应用

  • 对话系统(态度判断/语音表现力)

  • 情感表情


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

3.情感标注模型

  • 3.1 典型分离模型

  • 情感分类层次

  • 基本情感

  • 情感小类

  • 情感词


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

3.2 维度模型


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

4 情感表达单位

  • 孤立的情感词

  • 情感短语和情感句型:

  • 整一个……

  • 我可以说脏话吗?

  • 情感的语篇模型

  • 语篇基调 情感发展 情感表现调节


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

5. 情感词库的构建方法

  • 5.1 自动的标注方法

  • 基于已有的词典和词汇语义关系的自动标注方法

  • 褒贬义词典

  • 同义词词典

  • 语义相似性


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

基于语料的自动标注方法

  • 喻体极性的自动标注


On constructing a chinese task oriental subjectivity lexicon

5.1 人工标注方法


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