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2010 Exam Review 2. Identify the following characters in Animal Farm: Old Major, Snowball, Napoleon, Boxer, Benjamin, Squealer, Clover, Moses, Mollie. Old Major was the boar who taught the principles of animalism and urged the animals to revolt

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2010 Exam Review 2

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2010 Exam Review 2

Identify the following characters in Animal Farm: Old Major, Snowball, Napoleon, Boxer, Benjamin, Squealer, Clover, Moses, Mollie

  • Old Major was the boar who taught the principles of animalism and urged the animals to revolt

  • Snowball was the pig who was the planner and organizer-ousted by Napoleon-represents Leon Trotsky

  • Napoleon was the pig who became the ruthless dictator of Animal Farm-represents Joseph Stalin

  • Boxer was the workhorse of the farm-represents the working class in the Soviet Union

  • Benjamin was the donkey who was Boxer’s friend-wise but cynical

  • Squealer was the pig Napoleon used to spread propaganda

  • Clover was the other workhorse on the farm

  • Moses was the pet raven who told the animals about Sugarcandy Mountain-represents religion

  • Mollie was the pretty mare who pulled Mr. Jones’s cart-represents all of those who fled the Soviet Union

What is an allegory?

  • A story which can be read on two different levels

Why did George Orwell choose to tell Animal Farm as an allegory?

  • To get his point across without writing directly about the Soviet Union

List three forms of propaganda we studied

  • Glittering generalities, fear, bandwagon, transfer, plain folks, assertion, name calling

Give examples of how propaganda was used in Animal Farm

  • Fear-You wouldn’t want Jones to come back, would you?

  • Transfer-Ribbons are a badge of slavery

  • Plainfolks-Day and night, we are looking out for your welfare (pigs)

  • Namecalling-Man is the enemy

  • Bandwagon-Beasts of England song

Summarize the plot of the novel in a paragraph.

  • You need to do this one on your own!

Historical background of Animal Farm

  • The events in Animal Farm mirror the events in the Russian Revolution and the rise of Communism in the Soviet Union. The animals overthrow an ineffective owner, just as the Russian people overthrew Nicholas II. The animals on the farm represent leaders in the Communist party, who eventually became even more corrupt than the government they had replaced.

Conflicts in Animal Farm

  • Napoleon and Snowball

  • The animals and Mr. Jones

  • The Battle of the Cowshed

  • Internal conflicts-some of the animals knew that things were not quite right but couldn’t figure out exactly what the pigs were doing


  • Power corrupts

  • Those with power will take advantage of those who do not have power

  • Words (propaganda) can be used to manipulate

A symbol in Animal Farm

  • The flag-the hoof and horn stood for the animals and the green background stood for the green fields of England

An example of irony in Animal Farm

  • When the pigs announce that Napoleon is dying

  • When the pigs keep changing the commandments

  • When Squealer tells the other animals that Boxer died peacefully in the hospital

  • When the pigs hold a memorial banquet to honor Boxer that is financed by his sale to the slaughterhouse

Summarize the plot of TKAM

  • You can do this one on your own!

Static and dynamic characters

  • A static character is one who does not grow or change during the novel-Miss Maudie, Calpurnia, Miss Caroline, Sheriff Tate

  • A dynamic character grows and changes as a result of events in the novel-Scout, Jem

Themes in TKAM

  • Courage, racism, prejudice, justice, perspective, family

Setting of TKAM

  • Maycomb, Alabama

  • 1930’s during the Great Depression

  • Small town

  • Everybody knew everybody else and their business

  • Racist town

Point of view of TKAM

  • First person

  • Scout tells the story

  • She is both reliable and unreliable

Internal conflict in TKAM

  • Atticus has an internal conflict over whether to take the case or not. He knows it’s the right thing to do, but he knows it will affect his family.

External conflicts in TKAM

  • Boo Radley and Bob Ewell

  • Scout and Francis, Cecil Jacobs, Walter Cunningham

  • Scout and her Aunt Alexandra

  • Atticus and Bob Ewell


  • A comparison which uses like or as


  • A comparison which says one thing is another


  • The author’s attitude toward his subject


  • The repetition of beginning consonant sounds


  • Words which imitate sounds


  • exaggeration

Primary Source

  • An original, firsthand account

Secondary source

  • A secondhand account written by a written who did not participate directly in the events

Credibility of sources

  • How accurate is the source?

  • Who is the author and what are his/her credentials?

  • Can the information be verified from another source?

  • Is there evidence of bias?

Thesis statement

  • Last sentence in the opening paragraph-tells what the piece of writing will be about

Three ways of presenting research information

  • Paraphrasing, summarizing, quoting

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