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George Washington 1789 – 1797 . George Washington unanimously elected the first President of the United States of America Aware of Precedent Aware of self-image. The First Congress. Established Precedent Established 1 st Cabinet - State Department - Treasury Department

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George washington 1789 1797
George Washington1789 – 1797

  • George Washington unanimously elected the first President of the United States of America

  • Aware of Precedent

  • Aware of self-image


The first congress
The First Congress

  • Established Precedent

  • Established 1st Cabinet

    - State Department

    - Treasury Department

    - War Department

  • Established Judiciary

  • Settled Financial Issues


The judiciary act

Federal Courts

1 Supreme Court

3 Circuit Courts

13 District Courts

Could reverse state decisions

State Courts

Left up to the States

The Judiciary Act


The bill of rights
The Bill of Rights

  • Personal Rights

  • Right to Bear Arms

  • Quartering of Troops

  • Search & Seizure

  • Rights of Accused

  • Right to Speedy Trial

  • Right to Trial by Jury

  • No Cruel & Unusual Punishment

  • Powers Reserved to People

  • Powers Reserved to States


National debt
National Debt

  • Bonds

  • Speculators

  • Assumption

  • Compromise


The nation s capital
The Nation’s Capital

  • New York

  • Philadelphia

  • Washington D.C.

  • Virginia

  • Foggy Bottom

  • Washington’s

    back yard

  • Survey


Hamiltonian economics
Hamiltonian Economics

  • Assumption

  • National Bank

  • Import Tariffs

  • National Taxes


Whiskey rebellion
Whiskey Rebellion

  • Rebellion ion western Pennsylvania over tax on whiskey

  • Most farmers bartered goods – no cash to pay tax

  • President Washington sent in the army to stop rebellion

  • Argued that the farmers had representation in government – must pay the tax


The battle of fallen timbers
The Battle of Fallen Timbers

  • American soldiers defeated a large Native American and forced them to surrender lands north of the Ohio River


Europe
Europe

  • French Revolution

  • Proclamation of Neutrality

  • Impressment

  • Jay’s Treaty – Britain

  • Pickney’s Treaty – Spain


Washington s farewell
Washington’s Farewell

  • Washington decided to resign after two terms in office

  • Concerned about precedent

  • Published an open letter

    to the American people

  • Tried to establish a lasting policy


Adams 1797 1801
Adams1797 – 1801

  • The Second President

  • Served as Washington’s Vice-President for two terms

  • Also served as ambassador to France and Great Britain

  • Not as popular


Trouble with france
Trouble with France

  • Jay’s Treaty

  • XYZ Affair

  • Undeclared war

  • Department of Navy formed (1798)

  • George Washington commanding general

  • Alien and Sedition Acts

  • John Adams unpopular

  • Treaty


The affair
The Affair

  • Jay’s Treaty results in French mistrust

  • France seize American cargo en route to Britain

  • American Ambassador’s sent to France were given a letter demanding a bribe in order to meet with French officials

  • Letter published in American newspapers

  • Frenchman identified only as “X,Y, and Z.”

  • Many Americans demanded war with France in response


Naturalization act alien acts and sedition act
Naturalization Act, Alien Acts and Sedition Act

  • Passed in response to critical writings about the Adam’s presidency

  • Naturalization Act: Aliens must reside in country for 14 yrs. (not 5) for citizenship

  • Alien Acts: Allowed deportation and imprisonment

  • Sedition Act: unlawful to publish damaging critiques of the gov

  • Unconstitutional

    (1st Amendment)

  • Seriously damaged

    Adam’s legacy


The election of 1800
The Election of 1800

  • Very close election between Adams and Jefferson

  • Resulted in a tie for 35 votes

  • 12th Amendment passed to prevent this from happening again


The jeffersonian era
The Jeffersonian Era

  • 1790 Samuel Slater builds cotton mill

  • 1793 Eli Whitney invents cotton gin

  • 1801 Thomas Jefferson elected

    John Marshall appointed Chief Justice

  • 1803 Marbury v. Madison

  • 1804 Louisiana Purchase

  • 1807 Embargo Act passed

    Robert Fulton builds Clermont

  • 1809 Madison elected

  • 1811 National Road begun

  • 1812 Congress declares war

  • 1814 war ends

  • 1816 Monroe elected President

    Second National Bank chartered

  • 1819 McCulloch v. Maryland

  • 1820 Missouri Compromise

    US Population 10 million

  • 1823 Monroe Doctrine announced

  • 1825 Erie Canal opened


Jefferson 1801 1809
Jefferson 1801 – 1809

  • Laissez-faire

  • Small government

  • Judiciary Act of 1801

  • Midnight Judges

  • Marbury v. Madison

  • Louisiana Purchase

  • Secession

  • The Duel

  • Pirates

  • Impressment

  • Embargo Act

  • Nonintercourse Act

  • Another PowerPoint


Marbury v madison
Marbury v. Madison

  • Judiciary Act of 1801 establishes new federal judgeships

  • John Adams hurries to stock courts with Federalists

  • Jefferson refuses their appointments

  • Marbury sues Madison (Sec. of State) for appointment

  • Marshall (Chief Justice) sides w/ Madison

  • Establishes Judicial Review


Louisiana purchase
Louisiana Purchase

  • France takes control of Louisiana Territory from Spain

  • France loses control of Haiti and loses interest in the Americas

  • Jefferson decides to buy New Orleans to control Mississippi

  • Buys entire Louisiana Territory for $15 million, doubling the size of the country

  • Approved by Senate


Aaron burr
Aaron Burr

  • New England plot of Secession

  • Burr runs for Governor of New York

  • Hamilton publicizes plot

  • Burr challenges Hamilton to a duel

  • Hamilton killed, Burr flees

  • Burr later arrested for treason in New Orleans


Foreign affairs
Foreign Affairs

  • Barbary Pirates

  • War w/ Tripoli

  • Neutrality

  • Impressment

  • Embargo Act

  • Nonintercourse Act


Madison 1809 1817
Madison1809 – 1817

  • Domestic Warfare

  • Battle of Tippecanoe

  • War Hawks

  • Henry Clay and

    John Calhoun

  • War of 1812


Economic advancement

Industry

Industrial Revolution

Free Enterprise/Capitalism

Factory System

Interchangeable Parts

Public Corporations

Urban Development

Interstate Travel

Second Bank of the United States

Agriculture

Cotton Gin

Economic Advancement



Moving west
Moving West

  • Census

  • Turnpikes

  • National Road

  • The Clermont

  • Canals

  • Locks


Moving west1
Moving West

  • Roads

  • Rivers

  • Canals


Monroe 1817 1825
Monroe1817 – 1825

  • Era of Good Feelings

  • Sectionalism

  • Missouri Compromise

  • The American System

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

  • Gibbons v. Ogden

  • Monroe Doctrine


Sectionalism
Sectionalism

  • John C. Calhoun

    sectionalism

  • Daniel Webster

    nationalism

  • Henry Clay

    compromise

  • The Missouri

    Compromise


The american system
The American System

  • 3 Parts protective tariff

    internal improvements

    national bank

    didn’t pass in full

  • McCulloch v. Maryland

    • Prevents states from suing federal institutions

  • Gibbons v. Ogden

    • States cannot interfere w/ federal institutions



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