The Progressive Movement. The end of the 19 th Century saw economic and urban growth along with a widening gap between the rich and the poor. The Progressive movement focused on reforming urban problems such as workers rights, poor sanitation, and corrupt politicians
The end of the 19th Century saw economic and urban growth along with a widening gap between the rich and the poor.
The Progressive movement focused on reforming urban problems such as workers rights, poor sanitation, and corrupt politicians
Progressives were usually native born, middle class or upper class, and college educated people.
Journalist called muckrakers uncovered urban exploitation in investigative reports.
The Social Gospel held that Christianity had an obligation to help the poor and less fortunate.
In the early 1900’s the Supreme court favored the rights of businesses over those of the workers, claiming workers always had the right to quit a job if conditions were bad
In 1911, 140 New York City factory workers were killed in a fire. The Triangle T-shirt factory lacked fire exits and outrage over the deaths lead lawmakers to pass protective legislation.
State began to enact “Social Legislation” which were laws designed to protect the health and safety of workers (particularly women and children).
Reformers also took on the campaign to clean up American cities, literally.
Various women’s clubs worked with government officials to improve sanitation.
Lawrence Veiller called on irresponsible tenement owners to improve living conditions
In 1901 the New York State Tenement House Act required new tenements have one bathroom for every three rooms and open courtyards to allow in light and air.
Du Bois was the first African American to earn a doctorate from Harvard University.
By the early 1900’s Du Bois was a strong supporter of civil rights and believed that access to college was a key to black progress
Du Bois differed from Booker T. Washington by encouraging African Americans to be politically active in the fight for equality.
Du Bois would later embrace socialism for its promise of social justice for all people.
Not all progressives agreed on the role of immigrants in American society, some sympathized with them while others rejected them for supporting political machines.
Most progressives supported the Americanization of immigrants, teaching them English and American customs.
Some states passed Americanization measures that pushed immigrants to study English, US History and Government in public schools.
Public initiative can place controversial issues such as Assisted Suicide on the ballot.
Video of New State of Washington Referendum on the same law
News Report on the Oregon Law.
As governor of New York, Theodore Roosevelt worked to reform government and business.
In 1900, Roosevelt was elected vice-president under McKinley, who was assassinated in 1901
Roosevelt took office and took a hands on approach to reforming the United States.
Roosevelt successfully intervened in a coal miners strike in 1902, appointing arbitrators to bring compromise between the two sides; this “Square Deal” became his campaign slogan.
In November 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt was on a hunting trip to Mississippi. After hours of searching, Roosevelt and his group had not come across any wild animals. Finally, the group did track down and surrounded a helpless bear. One of the guides asked the president to shoot the bear so he could win a hunting trophy. The president refused, and news reporters throughout the country spread the story of Roosevelt's kind act.
Not long after this took place, a famous cartoonist named Clifford Berryman drew a cartoon based on Roosevelt 's rescue of the bear. When a store owner in Brooklyn saw the cartoon, he decided to make toy bears to sell in his shop. He asked president Roosevelt for permission to use the name “"Teddy's Bear"” for his toys, as a reminder of the bear Roosevelt had set free. Nowadays, everyone knows these toys as Teddy Bears, but few people know that they were named after President Theodore “"Teddy"” Roosevelt.
Despite his reforms Taft lost favor with progressive leaders starting in 1909.
Taft passed the Payne-Aldrich Tariff which raised prices on imported goods and in turn raised prices on all goods in America.
Progressives argued that high tariffs hurt theAmerican consumer, raising prices on goods.
Taft also supported the sale of federal lands in coal-rich Alaska. Progressives saw the sale as hurting the environment.