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Princeton University Library. How MARC21 Works. Understanding MARC Bibliographic. Eduardo Tenenbaum Cotsen Children’s Library Cataloger [email protected] Workshop contents. Part 1. The Bibliographic Record Basics of ISBD description

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How marc21 works

Princeton University Library

How MARC21 Works

Understanding MARC Bibliographic

Eduardo Tenenbaum

Cotsen Children’s Library Cataloger

[email protected]


Workshop contents
Workshop contents

  • Part 1. The Bibliographic Record

    • Basics of ISBD description

    • The bibliographic record and user tasks of the catalog

  • Part 2. MARC and the bibliographic record

    • MARC elements

      • Description fields

      • Controlled access points

There will be short practice drills as we go along.

A list of online resources will follow the presentation.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Workshop goals
Workshop goals

  • Identify the main elements in the MARC bibliographic format

  • Understand how MARC encodes bibliographic content

  • Learn strategies for “reading” a MARC record

  • On the more subjective side—

    • Make MARC work for you

    • Become a smarter user of the catalog

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Part 1

Part 1

The Bibliographic Record


The bibliographic record
The Bibliographic Record

  • The description of an item of recorded information, which includes all the data necessary to uniquely identify it, together with access points. For records entered into an online catalog, the MARC format is generally used.

Bibliographic description is based on an internationally agreed standard (ISBD)

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


The bib record and the library catalog
The Bib Record and the Library Catalog

  • Find

  • Identify

  • Select

  • Acquire

  • Navigate

Every element of the bibliographic record supports the user tasks of the catalog

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Description and access summary

Access Points

(Used to identify and collocate an item)

Uncontrolled

Title proper

Place of publication

Year

Controlled

Names

Personal

Corporate

Conference

Geographic

Uniform titles

Topical terms

Bibliographic Description

(Used to uniquely identify an item)

Title and statement of responsibility

Edition

Material of physical medium

Publication and manufacturing

Physical description

Series

Notes of useful information

Standard numbers

Description and Access: Summary

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Catalog cards now have other uses
Catalog cards now have other uses …

  • … but the fundamentals of description and access remain.

cARTalog Collection, Special Collections Department

University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, Iowa

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Part 2

Part 2

The Bibliographic Record and MARC


Catalog card similar to opac display
Catalog card similar to OPAC display

Long View

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Opac display derived from marc record
OPAC display derived from MARC record

Staff View

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Marc formats bibliographic
MARC Formats (Bibliographic)

  • Bibliographic Record

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Marc formats holdings
MARC Formats (Holdings)

  • Holdings Record

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Marc formats authority 1
MARC Formats (Authority 1)

  • Authority Record

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Marc formats authority 2
MARC Formats (Authority 2)

  • Authority record with many name variants

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Reading a marc record
Reading a MARC record

Not from top left to bottom right … but from the center out.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Marc elements
MARC Elements

  • 24514‡a The great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history / ‡c Robert Darnton.

  • 250##‡a 1st Vintage Books ed.

  • 260##‡a New York : ‡b Vintage Books, ‡c 1985.

  • 300##‡a xiii, 298 p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 21 cm.

  • 504##‡a Includes bibliographical references and index.

FIELD TAG INDICATOR DELIMITER SUBFIELD CODE

Zeroing in on ISBD description fields

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Title and statement of responsibility
Title and statement of responsibility

  • 1001#‡a Darnton, Robert.

  • 24514‡a The great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history / ‡c Robert Darnton.

  • 1001#‡a Darnton, Robert.

  • 24010‡a Great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history. ‡l French

  • 24513‡a La massacre de chats : ‡b attitudes et croyances dans l’ancienne France / ‡c Robert Darnton ; traduit de l’américain par Marie-Allyx Revellat.

  • . . .

  • 7001#‡a Revellat, Marie-Allyx, ‡e tr.

  • 1001#‡a Cervantes Saavedra, Miguel de, ‡d 1547-1616.

  • 24010‡a Coloquio de los perros. ‡l English & Spanish

  • 24514‡a The dialogue of the dogs = ‡b El coloquio de los perros / ‡c Miguel de Cervantes ; translated by William Rowlandson.

FIELD TAGINDICATORDELIMITERSUBFIELD CODE

Examples of field 245 (ISBD area 1) with personal name and uniform title.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Note fields
Note fields

  • 500##‡a Includes index.

  • 502##‡a Thesis (Ph. D.)--Princeton University, 2008.

  • 504##‡a Bibliography: p. 246-287.

  • 50500‡t Europe -- ‡t Asia -- ‡t North America -- ‡t South America.

  • 5104#‡a ESTC ‡c R211806

  • 520##‡a An illustrated collection of poems set to music.

  • 546##‡a Parallel text in French and English.

  • FIELD TAGINDICATORDELIMITERSUBFIELD CODE

  • Examples of fields 5XX (ISBD area 7).

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Review 1
Review (1)

  • 1001#‡a Darnton, Robert.

  • 24514‡a The great cat massacre and other episodes in French cultural history / ‡c Robert Darnton.

  • 250##‡a 1st Vintage Books ed.

  • 260##‡a New York : ‡b Vintage Books, ‡c 1985.

  • 300##‡a xiii, 298 p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 21 cm.

  • 504##‡a Includes bibliographical references and index.

  • 650#0‡a [Topical subject heading not yet covered]

  • FIELD TAGINDICATORDELIMITERSUBFIELD CODE

  • Description fields 245-5XX with field 100 main entry.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Review 2
Review (2)

Title proper = Parallel title : other title information / first statement of responsibility ; each subsequent statement of responsibility. -- Edition statement / first statement of responsibility relating to the edition. -- First place of publication, etc. : First publisher, etc, date of publication, etc. -- Extent of item : other physical details ; dimensions. -- (Title proper of series / statement of responsibility relating to series) -- Note(s). -- Standard number.

Second level description [modified]: AACR2, 1.0D2.

ISBD description areas written out in card catalog form.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Review 21
Review (2)

020##‡a 13-digit ISBN

245XX‡a Title = ‡b Parallel title : other title information / ‡c first statement of responsibility ; each subsequent statement of responsibility.

250##‡a Edition statement / ‡b first statement of responsibility relating to the edition.

260##‡a First place of publication, etc. : ‡b First publisher, etc, ‡c date of publication, etc.

300##‡a Extent of item : ‡b other physical details ; ‡c dimensions.

4900#‡a Title proper of series / statement of responsibility relating to series ; ‡v series vol. no.

500##‡a Note(s).

ISBD description areas written out and coded in MARC format.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Quiz

  • XXX1#‡a Travers, P. L. ‡q (Pamela Lyndon),‡d 1899-1996.

  • XXX10‡a Mary Poppins from A to Z. ‡l Latin

  • XXX10‡a Maria Poppina ab A ad Z / ‡c scripta a P.L. Travers ; picturas delineavit Mary Shepard ; latine reddidit G.M. Lyne

  • XXX##‡a London : ‡b Collins ; ‡c 1968 cm.

  • XXX##‡a [56] p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 20 cm.

  • XXX##‡a Features twenty-six vignettes, one for each letter of the alphabet, starring Mary Poppins and other characters from the Mary Poppins novels.

  • XXX##‡a Latin translation of: Mary Poppins from A to Z.

  • Identify the correct TAG for each field in the record.

  • Hints: 240 546 500 300 260 100 245

  • FIELD TAGINDICATORDELIMITERSUBFIELD CODE

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Tags should look like this
Tags should look like this …

1001#‡a Travers, P. L. ‡q (Pamela Lyndon),‡d 1899-1996.

24010‡a Mary Poppins from A to Z. ‡l Latin

24510‡a Maria Poppina ab A ad Z / ‡c scripta a P.L. Travers ; picturas delineavit Mary Shepard ; latine reddidit G.M. Lyne

260##‡a London : ‡b Collins ; ‡c 1968 cm.

300##‡a [56] p. : ‡b ill. ; ‡c 20 cm.

500##‡a Features twenty-six vignettes, one for each letter of the alphabet, starring Mary Poppins and other characters from the Mary Poppins novels.

546##‡a Latin translation of: Mary Poppins from A to Z.

FIELD TAGINDICATORDELIMITERSUBFIELD CODE

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Controlled access points
Controlled access points

  • 0XX Control information, numbers and codes

  • 1XX Main entry

  • 2XX Titles and title paragraph (title, edition, imprint)

  • 3XX Physical description, etc.

  • 4XX Series statements

  • 5XX Notes

  • 6XX Subject access fields

  • 7XX Added entries other than subject or series; linking fields

  • 8XX Series added entries; location, and alternate graphics

  • 9XX Reserved for local implementation

MARC bibliographic format blocks

Fields under authority control marked inred

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Parallel content
Parallel content

  • X00 Personal names

  • X10 Corporate names

  • X11 Meeting names

  • X30 Uniform titles

  • X40 Bibliographic titles

  • X50 Topical terms

  • X51 Geographic names

Parallel tag construction for fields requiring authority control

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Parallel content1
Parallel content

  • X00 Personal names

  • X10 Corporate names

  • X11 Meeting names

  • X30 Uniform titles

  • X40 Bibliographic titles

  • X50 Topical terms

  • X51 Geographic names

1001#‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970-

A book written by Stuart Barker …

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Parallel content2
Parallel content

  • X00 Personal names

  • X10 Corporate names

  • X11 Meeting names

  • X30 Uniform titles

  • X40 Bibliographic titles

  • X50 Topical terms

  • X51 Geographic names

1001#‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970-

60010‡a Knievel, Evel ‡d 1938-2007.

… about the person Evel Knievel …

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Parallel content3
Parallel content

  • X00 Personal names

  • X10 Corporate names

  • X11 Meeting names

  • X30 Uniform titles

  • X40 Bibliographic titles

  • X50 Topical terms

  • X51 Geographic names

1001#‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970-

60010‡a Knievel, Evel ‡d 1938-2007.

650#0‡a Stunt cycling ‡z United States ‡v Biography.

… on the topic of stunt cycling in the United States …

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Parallel content4
Parallel content

  • X00 Personal names

  • X10 Corporate names

  • X11 Meeting names

  • X30 Uniform titles

  • X40 Bibliographic titles

  • X50 Topical terms

  • X51 Geographic names

1001#‡a Barker, Stuart, ‡d 1970-

60010‡a Knievel, Evel ‡d 1938-2007.

650#0‡a Stunt cycling ‡z United States ‡v Biography.

7102#‡a St. Martin’s Press.

… published by St. Martin’s Press.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Quiz

  • XXXxx‡a Rowling, J. K.

  • [Author of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]

  • XXXxx‡a GrandPré, Mary.

  • [Illustrator of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]

  • XXXxx‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai

  • [Text of a book from the Bible]

  • XXXxx‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai

  • [Commentary on this text]

  • XXXxx‡a Potter, Harry (Fictitious character)

  • XXXxx‡a J. Harris and Son

  • [Author of: Harris’ instructive and amusing publications]

Identify the correct TAG for each field

Hints: 110 100 630 700 650 130

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Tags should look like this1
Tags should look like this …

1001#‡a Rowling, J. K.

[Author of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]

7001#‡a GrandPré, Mary.

[Illustrator of: Harry Potter and the sorcerer’s stone]

1300#‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai

[Text of a book from the Bible]

63000‡a Bible. ‡p O.T. ‡p Haggai

[Commentary on this text]

650#0‡a Potter, Harry (Fictitious character)

1102#‡a J. Harris and Son

[Author of: Harris’ instructive and amusing publications]

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Take home exercise 1
Take-home exercise 1

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Take home exercise 2
Take-home exercise 2

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Take home exercise 3
Take-home exercise 3

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Web resources
Web resources

  • Understanding MARC bibliographic

    • http://www.loc.gov/marc/umb/

    • Clear and concise overview of (nearly) everything MARC.

  • Online Dictionary for Information Science

    • http://lu.com/odlis/index.cfm

    • A useful LIS dictionary with many examples and external links.

  • OCLC Bibliographic formats and standards

    • http://www.oclc.org/bibformats/en/

    • Essential reference for all catalogers.

  • Library of Congress. MARC standards

    • http://www.loc.gov/marc/

    • Much more than just MARC. Essential reference.

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


Thank you
Thank you!

Understanding MARC Bibliographic


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