St. Paul’s THIRD MISSIONARY JOURNEY. Difference to other missionary journey ….
St. Pauls THIRD MISSIONARY JOURNEY
Difference to other missionary journey
Pauls third missionary journey was different from the first two. On the first two journeys, Paul reached into new areas where he preached the gospel and planted churches. On the third journey, Paul visited no new areas, but went to strengthen believers in cities where he had already been
In Ephesus, the establishing of the Christian congregation in the city was largely done by the couple, Priscilla and Aquila. By the time Paul reaches the city on the third journey a thriving congregation was already in place. What remained, however, was an extensive evangelizing of the surrounding region around the city, which took place during the lengthy two plus year stay of the apostle there.
St. Pauls THIRD MISSIONARY JOURNEY
Acts 18:23 21:15
Length: 4 years ; 54 58 A.D.
Total miles traveled Approximately 2,515+ miles
(1,190 by sea and 1,325 by land)
Mostly from Pauls writings in 1 Corinthians 16 and 2 Corinthians 8 and 9 we understand a major objective for the third missionary journey: the gathering up of a massive financial offering from the Gentile churches to be given to the Christian leadership in Jerusalem for distribution among the Jewish Christian communities of the city and surrounding region.
This objective dictated that much of the trip be routed to already existing churches, and that the planting of new churches on this trip -- although it did happen some (Acts 19:10, 20) -- was a secondary objective for this missionary journey.
I. First stop: EPHESUSActs 19
- Ephesus with an estimated population of 400,000 to 500,000 inhabitants in the first century, it was an important trade and banking center for the very prosperous province of Asia during the first Christian century.
- Establishing a strong Christian community here would greatly enhance the spread of the Gospel throughout the entire province.
1. Ministry of Apollos, Acts 18:24-28
Apollos was a Jew.
An eloquent man
Mighty in the Scriptures
Fervent in spirit
Began to speak boldly in the
Paul would later write, I have planted. Apollos watered. But God gave the increase.
Ministry locations in the city: Acts 19:8-10
When some stubbornly refused to believe and spoke evil of the Way before the congregation, he left them, taking the disciples with him, and argued daily in the lecture hall of Tyrannus. This continued for two years, so that all the residents of Asia, both Jews and Greeks, heard the word of the Lord.
Acts 19: 9 -10
The best-preserved example of the lecture halls discovered in the Kom el-Dikka ancient academy complex..
Photo. M. Krawczyk (2004)
Note: the seven churches of Asia of Revelation 2 and 3 are all located in the general area of Pauls work during his stay in Ephesus1. Ephesus2. Smyrna3. Pergamos4. Thyatira 5. Sardis6. Philadelphia7. Laodicea
COPYCATS OF PAUL
The evil spirit was leaped on them and prevailed
They fled out of that house both naked and wounded. Acts 19:16
Scholars believe that the books gathered for burning at Ephesus may have resembled the Coptic magical texts that archaeologists have recovered in Egypt.
Now after these things had been accomplished, Paul resolved in the Spirit to go through Macedonia and Achaia, and then to go on to Jerusalem. He said, After I have gone there, I must also see Rome. So he sent two of his helpers, Timothy and Erastus, to Macedonia, while he himself stayed for some time longer in Asia.
Timothy and Erastus sent to Macedonia
Riot in the city, Acts 19:21-20:1
After spending some time in a city, opposition against him would explode into some kind of attempted violent reaction with the aim of getting rid of Paul.
- Demetrius, the silversmith maker or shrines of Diana caused an uproar.
- When they heard this, they were enraged and shouted, Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!
and the city was filled with confusion. and people rushed together to the theater, dragging with them Gaius and Aristarchus, Macedonians who were Pauls travel companions. Acts 19, 28-41
- that event triggers the apostles departure into Macedonia: 19:23-20:1.
Greece, Macedonia, Philippi : ACTS 20: 3-6
Paul stayed in Greece for 3 months.The Jew plotted against him so he departed.Paul third visit to Corinth from which he wrote Ephesians in the winter of 57 C.E and Romans in the Spring of 58 C.E
1. Initial Ministry
Essential point: established the church on the second missionary journey
Date: AD 50-51
Sources: Acts 18:1-17; 1 Thess. 3:6-13; 1 Cor. 2:1-5; 1:13-17; 2 Thess. 3:1-5; 1 Cor. 3:5-10; 11:2, 23, 15:1; 2 Cor. 11:7-9
2. Prior Letter
Essential point: written before 1 Corinthians, now lost; may be partially contained in 2 Cor. 6:14-71
Date: AD 52 (?)
Source: 1 Cor. 5:9
3. 1 Corinthians
Essential point: written from Ephesus while on third missionary journey to respond to questions from the household of Chloe (chaps 1-6) and the Corinthian delegation (chaps 7-16)
Date: AD 54-55 (spring time)
4. Painful Visit
Essential point: to try to correct ongoing problems in the church
Date: AD 55
Sources: 2 Cor. 2:1; 12:14; 13:1,2
5. Sorrowful Letter
Essential point: written from Ephesus after return from Corinth, possibly contained partially in 2 Cor. 10-13, but most likely lost
Date: AD 55
Sources: 2 Cor. 2:4; 7:8
6. 2 Corinthians
Essential point: written from Macedonia after leaving Ephesus on third missionary journey; prompted by joyous report from Titus regarding the relief offering etc.; possibly only containing chaps 1-9, if 10-13 are a part of the sorrowful letter (cf. #5)
Date: AD 56 (?)
Troas : ACTS 20: 6-12
Paul at Troas
ACTS 20: 6-12
The death and resurrection of EutychusActs 20:9-12
Eutychus fell down from the third floor as the apostle Paul preached on and on until midnight (Acts 20:6 - 10)
- At the end of that week long stay in Troas, Paul and those traveling with him met together with the believers in the city of Troas.
- Sitting on one of the window sills. probably for the fresh air was a young man. When Paul kept on talking well past midnight, Eutychus became very sleepy and dozed off while sitting in the window sill:. As Eutychus fell into deep sleep he unfortunately fell out the third story window, and it took his life
- Quite shockingly this interrupted the meeting so that Paul went down to the street to check on the young man But Paul went down, and bending over him took him in his arms, and said, Do not be alarmed, for his life is in him.
Amazingly this only momentarily interrupted the meeting, rather than stopped it: Once it was clear that Eutychus was okay, Paul then went back upstairs to the gathering place in order to continue the meeting.
An insula (apartment house) dating from the early 2nd century A.D. in the Roman port town of Ostia Antica
Assos: ACTS 20: 13-14
Mitylene, Chios, Samos, Miletus: ACTS 20: 13-14
Meeting with the Ephesian elders
Farewell to Ephesian leaders in Miletus, Acts 20:17-38
In all this I have given you an example that by such work we must support the weak, remembering the words of the Lord Jesus, for he himself said, It is more blessed to give than to receive.
When he had finished speaking, he knelt down with them all and prayed.
There was much weeping among them all; they embraced Paul and kissed him, 38 grieving especially because of what he had said, that they would not see him again. Then they brought him to the ship
Cos, Rhodes, Patara: Acts 21: 1-2
Tyre : Acts 21: 3-6
Ptolemais: Acts 21: 7
Caesarea: Act s 21: 8-15
This is Pauls third visit to Caesarea since becoming a Christian
- (Act 21:8)
Visited Philip the evangelist and his four daghters.
One of the seven chosen in Jerusalem
Toward the end of that visit, a new person arrives in Caesarea from Judea: a prophet named Agabus came down from Judea.
He came to us and took Pauls belt, bound his own feet and hands with it, and said, Thus says the Holy Spirit, This is the way the Jews in Jerusalem will bind the man who owns this belt and will hand him over to the Gentiles.
When we heard this, we and the people there urged him not to go up to Jerusalem.Then Paul answered, What are you doing, weeping and breaking my heart? For I am ready not only to be bound but even to die in Jerusalem for the name of the Lord Jesus.Since he would not be persuaded, we remained silent except to say, The Lords will be done.
Thank you !