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Bladder Cancer PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Urinary Tract System. Bladder Cancer. Bladder Cancer. What are some types of bladder cancer? Transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Adenocarcinoma. Bladder Cancer. What causes bladder cancer?

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Bladder Cancer

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Urinary tract system

Urinary Tract System

Bladder Cancer


Bladder cancer

Bladder Cancer

What are some types of bladder cancer?

Transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinoma

Adenocarcinoma


Bladder cancer1

Bladder Cancer

What causes bladder cancer?

There is not really a know reason as to what the causes are, but the following are some risk factors:

Cigarette smoking

Occupational exposure

Chronic bladder irritation

Age

Gender

Race

Personal history

Family history

&

Parasite infections


Bladder cancer2

Bladder Cancer

What are some symptoms?

Visible blood in the urine

Hematuria - the presence of microscopic red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine.

Painful urination

Urgency - frequently feeling the need to urinate without results.

Frequent urination

Pelvic or flank pain


Bladder cancer3

Bladder Cancer

How is bladder cancer determined?

Rectal or vaginal examination

Cystoscopy

Intravenous pyelogram (IVP)

Lab tests

Bladder tumor marker studies

Ultrasound

Computed tomography scan


Bladder cancer4

Bladder Cancer

What are the stages of bladder cancer?

Stage O

Stage I

Stage II

Stage III

Stage IV


Bladder cancer5

Bladder Cancer

Treatments?

Surgery

Radiation therapy

Chemotherapy

Biological therapy

Clinical trials


Bladder cancer6

Bladder Cancer

Are there ways to try to prevent bladder cancer?

Don’t smoke

Don’t play with chemicals

Drink plenty of liquids


Http nyp org health urology bladder html

http://nyp.org/health/urology-bladder.html

Sarah E. Whitcomb


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