Civil war weapons technology
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Civil war weapons technology. By Matthew Hosterman and Nate Bowersox. Swords and knives. Light artillery saber issued by mounted artillery. The bowie knife was carried instead of a bayonet. The bayonet was a large double bladed knife that was mounted on the front of the gun.

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Civil war weapons technology

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Civil war weapons technology

Civil war weapons technology

By Matthew Hosterman and Nate Bowersox


Swords and knives

Swords and knives

  • Light artillery saber issued by mounted artillery.

  • The bowie knife was carried instead of a bayonet.

  • The bayonet was a large double bladed knife that was mounted on the front of the gun.

  • The Mameluke sword was carried by Marine officers.


Handguns

Handguns

  • The Colt Army model 1860 was the most popular handgun in the Union and it was a .44 caliber 7 shot revolver.

  • The most common handgun for the Confederacy was the Colt 1851 revolver.

  • The shots ranged from 1 to 8 shots.

  • They had black powder pistols and revolvers.


Rifles

Rifles

  • Most common were black powder flintlock but also had a few bolt actions and some lever actions.

  • Springfield model 1861 was the most common shoulder weapon in the civil war, favored for its range, accuracy, and reliability.

  • Second most widely used rifle was the Pattern 1853 Enfield.

  • Fayetteville rifle was the confederate copy of the Springfield.


Rifles continued

Rifles Continued

  • They had revolving rifles like their pistols, they could hold from 5 to 8 shots.

  • They also had 12 gauge shot guns that were hammer and lever actions, but they were not common because they had low range.

  • The Henry rifle was the first lever action and was highly priced weapon and secretly bought.

  • The Spencer repeating rifle was a clip fed lever action that was replaced by the muzzle loading rifle muskets.


Civil war weapons technology

  • Henry rifle

  • 12 gauge

  • Spencer repeating rifle

  • Springfield model 1861

  • Fayetteville rifle


Cannons

Cannons

  • Takes several men to work one.

  • Every 100 men there were 6 cannons.

  • 4 types of cannon balls solid shot was used against enemy artillery, canisters which was a tin can filled with small iron, case and shell which were hollow balls filled with black powder.

  • About 10% of casualties came from cannons.


Grenades

Grenades

  • Ketchum grenade was the grenade of the civil war.

  • It had a plunger that would blow up on impact.

  • Confederates used a round hand grenade that weighed about 6 pounds.


Rapid fire guns

Rapid fire guns

  • The Gatling gun and the .58 caliber were capable of firing 300 rounds per minute. Invented by Richard Jordan Gatling.

  • Similar guns were J.D Mills coffee mill gun mills were hand cranked, and the Billinghurst Requa Battery.


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