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Civil war weapons technology. By Matthew Hosterman and Nate Bowersox. Swords and knives. Light artillery saber issued by mounted artillery. The bowie knife was carried instead of a bayonet. The bayonet was a large double bladed knife that was mounted on the front of the gun.

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civil war weapons technology

Civil war weapons technology

By Matthew Hosterman and Nate Bowersox

swords and knives
Swords and knives
  • Light artillery saber issued by mounted artillery.
  • The bowie knife was carried instead of a bayonet.
  • The bayonet was a large double bladed knife that was mounted on the front of the gun.
  • The Mameluke sword was carried by Marine officers.
handguns
Handguns
  • The Colt Army model 1860 was the most popular handgun in the Union and it was a .44 caliber 7 shot revolver.
  • The most common handgun for the Confederacy was the Colt 1851 revolver.
  • The shots ranged from 1 to 8 shots.
  • They had black powder pistols and revolvers.
rifles
Rifles
  • Most common were black powder flintlock but also had a few bolt actions and some lever actions.
  • Springfield model 1861 was the most common shoulder weapon in the civil war, favored for its range, accuracy, and reliability.
  • Second most widely used rifle was the Pattern 1853 Enfield.
  • Fayetteville rifle was the confederate copy of the Springfield.
rifles continued
Rifles Continued
  • They had revolving rifles like their pistols, they could hold from 5 to 8 shots.
  • They also had 12 gauge shot guns that were hammer and lever actions, but they were not common because they had low range.
  • The Henry rifle was the first lever action and was highly priced weapon and secretly bought.
  • The Spencer repeating rifle was a clip fed lever action that was replaced by the muzzle loading rifle muskets.
slide6

Henry rifle

  • 12 gauge
  • Spencer repeating rifle
  • Springfield model 1861
  • Fayetteville rifle
cannons
Cannons
  • Takes several men to work one.
  • Every 100 men there were 6 cannons.
  • 4 types of cannon balls solid shot was used against enemy artillery, canisters which was a tin can filled with small iron, case and shell which were hollow balls filled with black powder.
  • About 10% of casualties came from cannons.
grenades
Grenades
  • Ketchum grenade was the grenade of the civil war.
  • It had a plunger that would blow up on impact.
  • Confederates used a round hand grenade that weighed about 6 pounds.
rapid fire guns
Rapid fire guns
  • The Gatling gun and the .58 caliber were capable of firing 300 rounds per minute. Invented by Richard Jordan Gatling.
  • Similar guns were J.D Mills coffee mill gun mills were hand cranked, and the Billinghurst Requa Battery.
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