Baroque 1600 1750
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Baroque 1600-1750. France & Holland. Poussin . French, worked in Rome to be among antiquities a man of the past & future (a Renaissance soul born into a Baroque-era body) works and writings articulate values of French Academic painting: serious, formal hated the works of Caravaggio.

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Baroque 1600-1750

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Baroque1600-1750

France & Holland


Poussin

  • French, worked in Rome to be among antiquities

  • a man of the past & future (a Renaissance soul born into a Baroque-era body)

  • works and writings articulate values of French Academic painting: serious, formal

  • hated the works of Caravaggio


Nicolas PoussinThe Holy Family on the Steps1648

p. 282


Nicolas Poussin Saints Peter and John Healing the Lame Man, 1655Oil on canvas; 49 1/2 x 65 in.


Rubens,The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippusc. 1618

p. 282


Rubens,Descent from the Cross,1611-1614


Rembrandt,Self-Portrait,1640


Sortie of Capt Banning Cocq’s Company of the Civic Guard

AKA “The Nightwatch”

  • “theatrical” lighting

  • group portrait genre


Rembrandt,Self-Portrait,1661

KEY IMAGE p 288


60+


Rembrandt

  • begins to use impasto

  • realistic images need to be viewed from a distance


Vermeer

  • acute observer of life

  • LIGHT

  • little known in his time

  • reputation grows in the 19th Century

  • only about 35 works identified


Vermeer,The Allegory of Painting,c. 1665-70

p. 285


Detail, The Allegory


Vermeer,The Milkmaid,c. 1658-60

KEY IMAGE p. 286


Vemeer

Woman holding a balance

1664


Vermeer,Lady Writing a Letter with her Maid,c. 1670


Ruysch, Flowers in a Vase, 1690


PREPARE TO DIE


Vanitas Still Life, 1603Jacques de Gheyn the Elder (Dutch, 1565–1629)

Earliest known vanitas


Still life – painting of inanimate objects


dates in the Baroque

c. 1600

Handel’s Messiah oratorio

1742


SUMMARY – BAROQUE ART

POLITICS: emergence of The State

ART: light, energy, motion, drama, complex, ornamented, convoluted, diagonal

CHURCH still an active patron with the energy of the Counter-Reformation

ROYAL patronage & PRIVATE patronage shape tastes too

IDEAS: scientific method


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