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DC Area Snipers. malvo. John Allen Muhammad and John Lee Malvo. 19 Sniper Attacks 13 Deaths. Muhammed. 41 Years Old Gulf war Veteran Twice Divorced Islam Convert. Malvo. Mother Abandoned Malvo to Muhammed. When Do Serial Killers Stop Killing? . Only When They are Caught or Killed.

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DC Area Snipers

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DC Area Snipers

  • malvo


John Allen Muhammad and John Lee Malvo

  • 19 Sniper Attacks

  • 13 Deaths


Muhammed

  • 41 Years Old

  • Gulf war Veteran

  • Twice Divorced

  • Islam Convert


Malvo

  • Mother Abandoned Malvo to Muhammed


When Do Serial Killers Stop Killing?


Only When They are Caught or Killed


There are at least 50 Serial Killers Active in the United States Today


This Lecture Section Will Explore


Psychology and Criminality


Psychoanalytic Theory

I was Guilty Even before I committed the crime.


Psychoanalysis

  • The Actions and Behavior of an Adult are Understood in Terms of Childhood Development

  • Behavior and Unconscious are Related

  • Criminality is Psychological Conflict


Psychodynamic Perspective

Something that Happened in the Past Affected the Way a Person is Today


Psychodynamic Perspective

Looking Deep Into the Mind of the Criminal will Unlock why a Person Commits Criminal Acts


Psychoanalytic Theory: Criminal Behavior comes From 3 Possible Causes:

  • Overbearing Conscience

  • Weak Conscience

  • Immediate Gratification


Overbearing Conscience

  • A Conscience so Overbearing it Arouses Feelings of Guilt


Weak Conscience

A Conscience so Weak it Cannot Control its Impulses


Immediate Gratification

  • Immediate Satisfaction of the Impulses of a Person


Case Study: Richard

  • 6 Years old When He Committed his First delinquent Act

  • Stole a Comic Book


Richards Parents

  • Father, an alcoholic

  • Killed in an Automobile Accident

  • Mother Abandoned her Children


Richard

  • In and out of Foster Homes

  • Daytime Burglaries

  • Night Time Auto Thefts

  • At 20 Years Old, Received 10 years for Armed Robbery


Richard

  • Being Caught for Stealing made him feel less Guilty

    • About Hating his Mother and Father

  • Stealing did not Violate his Principles

  • Stealing Gave Richard Immediate Gratification


Text Page 153 Figure 6.2

Psychodynamic or Psychoanalytic Theory


Viennese Psychiatrist Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

  • Abnormal Behavior comes from Interruptions in a Person’s Development

  • The Period of Interruption is a Fixation


Psychodynamic Theory

  • Unconscious Conflicts

  • Defenses

  • Tendencies

  • Anger

  • Sexuality


The id, ego and superego

Human Personality Contains a Three Part Structure


The id

  • The Primitive Part

  • Seat of all Irrational, Antisocial and Instinctual Behavior


The ego

  • The Conscious or Rational Part of the Mind: Reality Principle

  • The ego develops when a child finds that some things cannot be immediately gratified


The superego

  • The Moral Judgment of the mind

  • Passes judgments on behavior

  • Divided into two parts:

    • Conscience

    • Ego Ideal


Psychosexual Stages of Development : eros

  • Oral Stage

    • First Year of Life

  • Anal Stage

    • Second and Third Year

  • Genital Stage

    • Third year to Latency

  • Latency

    • Sixth Year to Puberty

  • Genital

    • Puberty to Adult


Fixation

Interrupted or Incomplete Development at any Stage


Complexes

  • Oedipus Complex

    • Males with Sexual Feelings for Mothers

  • Electra complex

    • The Female Version


Abnormal Behavior

  • Neurotics

  • Psychotics

  • Schizophrenics

  • Inferiority Complex

  • Identity Crisis


Neurotics

  • I am Losing control of my Mind

  • IF DOMINATED COMPLETELY BY id: Psychotics

  • Add Hallucinations, voices and odors: Schizophrenia: MARKED BY INAPPROPRIATE RESPONSES


Inferiority Complexes

  • Appear to Have a Drive to Superiority

  • Adler(1870-1937)


Treatment of Mentally Defective Criminals

  • They are not Evil and Sick Persons

  • They are not Responsible for their Actions

  • Punishment will only Complicate Treatment

  • Why Not Just Release Criminals?


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