Introduction to Medical Terminology. Introduction. Special vocabulary used by health care professionals for effective and accurate communication Most medical terms have Greek or Latin origins.
Introduction to Medical Terminology
1. psychology: the study of
2. pathology: the study of
3. hematology: the study of
4. cardiology: the study of
5. dermatology: the study of
6. gerontology: the study of
4. Root/Combining Vowel/Root/Suffix
5. Root/Combining Vowel/Suffix
6. Root/Combining Vowel/Suffix (Symptomatic)
7. Root/Combining Vowel/Suffix (Diagnostic)
8. Root/Combining Vowel/Suffix (Operative)
beyond, after, or change/stop or stand
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prefix root suffix
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2. A combining vowel is not used before a suffix that begins with vowel: vas/o -ectomy is spelled vasectomy and is defined as…….
3.If the root ends in a vowel and the suffix begins with the same vowel, drop the final vowel from the root and do not use a combining vowel: cardi/o -itis is spelled carditis and is defined as……..
4. Most often, a combining vowel is inserted between two roots even when the second root begins with a vowel: cardi/o esophag/o -eal is spelled cardioesophageal and is defined as………..
5. Occasionally, when a prefix ends in a vowel, and the root begins with a vowel, the final vowel is dropped from the prefix: para- enter/o -al is spelled parenteral and is defined as……..
1. angi/o -ectasis is spelled……and means………
2. hemat/o -logy is spelled…… and means…..
3. gastr/o enter/o -stomy is spelled….and means…
5. oligo- ur/o -ia is spelled…… and means…….
6. oste/o -ectomy is spelled…… and means…….
2. Other words sound similar but are spelled differently and have different meanings. For example,
3. Some words have more than one accepted spelling. For example,
4. Some combining forms have the same meaning but different origins that compete for usage.
three combining forms mean uterus: