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The Gov’t of Rome: Rome was divided into two groups or orders:

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The Gov’t of Rome: Rome was divided into two groups or orders: Patricians: great landowners, very wealthy, were Rome’s ruling class. Plebeians: small landowners, artisans, merchants, small farmers, most of the population. The Gov’t of Rome cont.

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slide1

The Gov’t of Rome:

  • Rome was divided into two groups or orders:
    • Patricians: great landowners, very wealthy, were Rome’s ruling class.
    • Plebeians: small landowners, artisans, merchants, small farmers, most of the population.
slide3

The Gov’t of Rome cont.

  • Both patricians and plebeians could vote, but only patricians could hold gov’t office.
  • Consuls (2): elected every year, ran the gov’t, in charge of the military.
  • Praetors: in charge of civil law as it applied to citizens, also judged non-citizens.
slide4

The Gov’t of Rome cont:

  • The Senate:
    • 300 patricians who served for life.
    • By 3rd cent. BC it had the force of law.
  • Centuriate Assembly:
    • Elected chief officials and passed laws.
    • Organized by class, wealthiest was the
    • majority.
slide7

The Gov’t of Rome cont:

  • Council of Plebes: created in 471 BC.
  • Only plebes served, slowly gained power.
  • By 271 BC the Council had the right to pass laws.
slide9

Roman Law:

  • Twelve Tables 450 BC: First code of laws for Rome, based on a simple farming society.
  • Law of Nations: Based on natural or universal law = standards of justice applied to all people. Write down 2 examples from 153.
slide12

Conquests of Rome:

  • Main rival was Carthage who wanted to control Med. Trade.
  • 264 BC Rome and Carthage went to war: called the First Punic War.
slide15

First Punic War: 264-241 BC.

  • Romans fought Carthage over the island of Sicily.
  • War fought mostly in naval battles.
  • Carthage defeated in 241 BC and was forced to give up Sicily.
slide17

The Second Punic War 218-201 BC.

  • Rome and Carthage fought again, this time over Spain.
  • Carthage was led by Hannibal who vowed to destroy Rome.
  • Hannibal went through Spain, crossed the Alps, and invaded Italy.
slide22

TheSecond Punic War 218-201 BC. Cont.

  • Battle of Cannae: 216 BC, Hannibal wiped out the Roman army.
  • Problem: Hannibal did not have the men or supplies to defeat Roman cities.
  • Rome then counter attacked and invaded Carthage – this forced Hannibal to retreat back to Carthage.
slide27

The Second Punic War, 218-201 BC. Cont.

  • Battle of Zama, 202 BC: Rome defeated Carthage.
  • Carthage lost control of Spain to Rome.
  • Hannibal fled into exile.
slide32

The ThirdPunic War

  • 50 years later.
  • 146 BC Rome destroyed Carthage, all citizens became slaves.
  • Carthage became a Roman province they called Africa.
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