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The Gov’t of Rome: Rome was divided into two groups or orders: PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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The Gov’t of Rome: Rome was divided into two groups or orders: Patricians: great landowners, very wealthy, were Rome’s ruling class. Plebeians: small landowners, artisans, merchants, small farmers, most of the population. The Gov’t of Rome cont.

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The Gov’t of Rome: Rome was divided into two groups or orders:

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The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • The Gov’t of Rome:

  • Rome was divided into two groups or orders:

    • Patricians: great landowners, very wealthy, were Rome’s ruling class.

    • Plebeians: small landowners, artisans, merchants, small farmers, most of the population.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • The Gov’t of Rome cont.

  • Both patricians and plebeians could vote, but only patricians could hold gov’t office.

  • Consuls (2): elected every year, ran the gov’t, in charge of the military.

  • Praetors: in charge of civil law as it applied to citizens, also judged non-citizens.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • The Gov’t of Rome cont:

  • The Senate:

    • 300 patricians who served for life.

    • By 3rd cent. BC it had the force of law.

  • Centuriate Assembly:

    • Elected chief officials and passed laws.

    • Organized by class, wealthiest was the

    • majority.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • The Gov’t of Rome cont:

  • Council of Plebes: created in 471 BC.

  • Only plebes served, slowly gained power.

  • By 271 BC the Council had the right to pass laws.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • Roman Law:

  • Twelve Tables 450 BC: First code of laws for Rome, based on a simple farming society.

  • Law of Nations: Based on natural or universal law = standards of justice applied to all people. Write down 2 examples from 153.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • Conquests of Rome:

  • Main rival was Carthage who wanted to control Med. Trade.

  • 264 BC Rome and Carthage went to war: called the First Punic War.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • First Punic War: 264-241 BC.

  • Romans fought Carthage over the island of Sicily.

  • War fought mostly in naval battles.

  • Carthage defeated in 241 BC and was forced to give up Sicily.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • The Second Punic War 218-201 BC.

  • Rome and Carthage fought again, this time over Spain.

  • Carthage was led by Hannibal who vowed to destroy Rome.

  • Hannibal went through Spain, crossed the Alps, and invaded Italy.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • TheSecond Punic War 218-201 BC. Cont.

  • Battle of Cannae: 216 BC, Hannibal wiped out the Roman army.

  • Problem: Hannibal did not have the men or supplies to defeat Roman cities.

  • Rome then counter attacked and invaded Carthage – this forced Hannibal to retreat back to Carthage.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • The Second Punic War, 218-201 BC. Cont.

  • Battle of Zama, 202 BC: Rome defeated Carthage.

  • Carthage lost control of Spain to Rome.

  • Hannibal fled into exile.


The gov t of rome rome was divided into two groups or orders

  • The ThirdPunic War

  • 50 years later.

  • 146 BC Rome destroyed Carthage, all citizens became slaves.

  • Carthage became a Roman province they called Africa.


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