CHAPTER 30. The Birth of Opera: Florence, Mantua, and Venice.
The Birth of Opera:
Florence, Mantua, and Venice
Stile rappresentativo: a vocal expression somewhere between song and declaimed speech advocated by the members of the Camerata. The singer emphatically declaimed the text so that the pitches and rhythms of the voice matched exactly the rhythms, accents, and sentiments of the text. The bass moves more rapidly or slowly as the text requires.
Arioso style: a manner of singing halfway between a recitative and a full-blown aria. It involves fewer repeating pitches and is rhythmically more elastic than a purely declamatory recitative, but it is not as song-like and expansive as an aria.
Ships sail on the high seas as gods descend from heavens in Giacomo Torelli's stage set for the opera Bellerofonte (Venice, 1642).