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Athens and Sparta. Athens vs. Sparta. Population : 140,000 Government : Democracy 10 elected officials Council of 500 Assembly Social Structure : Freemen, Aliens, Slaves Women : Property, kept at home Education : Only boys, ages 5-14/18 Values :

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Athens vs sparta
Athens vs. Sparta

  • Population: 140,000

  • Government:

    • Democracy

      • 10 elected officials

      • Council of 500

      • Assembly

  • SocialStructure:

    • Freemen, Aliens, Slaves

  • Women:

    • Property, kept at home

  • Education:

    • Only boys, ages 5-14/18

  • Values:

    • Participation in gov. &civic responsibility

  • Military: Strong Navy

  • Population: 8,000

  • Government:

    • Oligarchy

      • 2 Kings

      • 5 Ephors

      • 28 Council/Senate Men

      • Assembly

  • SocialStructure:

    • Spartans, Neighbors, Helots (slaves)

  • Women:

    • Almost equal to men, role to have healthy children

  • Education:

    • Both boys and girls at age 7

  • Values:

    • Military; “Obey & Endure”

  • Military: Strong Army


Persian wars 500 448 bce

Persian Wars500 – 448 BCE

the greatest understandable event in human memory; distinguished the Greek from the "barbarian" .


The persian empire
The Persian Empire

Cyrus the Great



Battle of marathon and the winner is athens
Battle of MarathonAnd the Winner is…Athens!






Prophecies of delphi
Prophecies of Delphi Mt. Athos

  • Athens

    • “Wooden Walls”

  • Sparta

    • “Death of a king”


Battle of thermopylae and the winner is persia
Battle of Thermopylae Mt. Athosand the winner is…Persia!



Battle of salamis and the winner is the greeks
Battle of Salamis Mt. AthosAnd the winner is…the Greeks!


Persian war aftermath athens and sparta i ain t your bff delian league vs peloponnesian league
Persian War Aftermath: Mt. AthosAthens and Sparta- “I ain’t your BFF!”Delian League vs. Peloponnesian League



Peloponnesian wars a war to end all wars
Peloponnesian Wars Mt. Athos“A war to end all wars…”



Fast facts
Fast Facts… Mt. Athos

  • Source of information - Thucydides

  • Greeks called “the war b/w Peloponnesians and Athenians”

  • Lasted 27 years

  • Fighting ranged across Greek world

  • At wars end, “Golden Age” of Greece over


Why did the peloponnesian war start
Why did the Peloponnesian war start? Mt. Athos

  • According to Thucydides…

    • “Spartan fear of the growth of Athenian Power”

  • Big Idea: War of Opposing Ideologies

    “This day will be the beginning of great evils for the Greeks.”


The war is on

The War is On! Mt. Athos

Sparta attacks Athens


Stage 1 the age of pericles
Stage 1: The Age of Pericles Mt. Athos

  • War strategy:

    • Caution

  • Major Event:

    • Athens overrun with plague

  • End of Stage 1:

    • Death of Pericles


Stage 2 age of cleon
Stage 2: Age of Cleon Mt. Athos

  • War strategy:

    • Aggressive

  • Major Events:

    • Colonization

    • Mytilene

  • End of Stage 2:

    • Death of Cleon

    • Peace of Nicias


Stage 3 age of alcibiades
Stage 3: Age of Alcibiades Mt. Athos

  • War strategy:

    • Aggressive

  • Major Events:

    • Ended Peace of Nicias

    • Punishment of Melos

    • Invasion of Sicily

  • End of Stage 3 and the War:

    • Spartans launched surprise attack on Athenian fleet; starved Athens into submission


Thucydides
Thucydides Mt. Athos

  • “For never had so many cities been captured and destroyed, whether by the barbarians or by the Greeks who were fighting each other…Never had so many men been exiled or slaughtered, whether in the war or because of civil conflicts.”


The macedonians

The Macedonians Mt. Athos

Destroyer of Greek Independence OR Saviors of Greek Culture?


Macedonia
Macedonia Mt. Athos

  • North of Mt. Olympus

  • Largest & wealthiest Greek city-state

  • Warlike people w/ loyalty to throne

  • “Lovers of things Greek”

    • Considered Barbarians by Greeks


Phillip ii
Phillip II Mt. Athos

  • Father Alex. Great

  • United Macedonia lands

  • Created new and improved phalanx

  • Conquered Greek peninsula; dreamed of defeating Persians

  • Big Idea: Alex. Great nobody, w/o daddy


Alexander the great
Alexander the Great Mt. Athos

  • Arguably one of the greatest military generals of all time

  • Created vast Empire

    • Ionian Sea to Himalaya Mts.

  • Responsible for preservation and diffusion of Hellenism


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