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Population and Labour Force: Dynamics and Challenges in Brunei Darussalam. Dr SY Teo. Demographic Trends. Population Growth (1999-2003):. Demographic Trends. Population Growth (1960-2001):. Population and Demographic Changes.

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population and labour force dynamics and challenges in brunei darussalam

Population and Labour Force: Dynamics and Challenges in Brunei Darussalam

Dr SY Teo

Population and Labour Force

demographic trends
Demographic Trends
  • Population Growth (1999-2003):

Population and Labour Force

demographic trends1
Demographic Trends
  • Population Growth (1960-2001):

Population and Labour Force

population and demographic changes
Population and Demographic Changes
  • Brunei has a small but steadily growing population (see previous tables) with an annual growth rate of 1.8 in 2001.
  • The total population amounted to 348,800 comprising of 176,300 males and 172,500 females according to latest available statistics.

Population and Labour Force

pie chart showing age composition
Pie Chart showing Age Composition

Population and Labour Force

observations
Observations
  • Brunei has a young population, 50 percent are below the age of 24 and about 32 percent of its population under 15 (this refers to both Citizens and PRs.
  • This number is larger than percentages for similar age group in developed economies such as Australia (22 percent) and the US (26 percent).

Population and Labour Force

an important human resource question

An important human resource question:

Whether or not there will be adequate employment opportunities for this large expansion in the local workforce?

Population and Labour Force

challenges
Challenges
  • Young adults are the country’s greatest assets for the present and future. Therefore it is essential that the employment needs of this young population must not be overlooked especially as youth unemployment is increasingly occupying centre stage.
  • According to 1995 LFS, more than 25 percent of unemployed persons aged less than 20.

Population and Labour Force

current situations
Current situations
  • Brunei relies heavily on immigrant workers for both skilled technical and managerial positions as well as for the lower paid retailing and construction sector.
  • The influx of guest workers has significantly altered Brunei’s population growth and its ethnic composition. For instance, Other racial groups have increased their share of total population from approximately 3 percent in 1971 to 6 percent in 1981 and it reached 11 percent by 1991.

Population and Labour Force

opportunities or threat
Opportunities or Threat?
  • Good?
    • Complements to local workforce
    • still needs expatriate workers in the economic growth to bridge the demand for skilled labour
  • Bad?
    • Substitutes
    • A large influx of workers in industries and sectors that locals could be employed

Population and Labour Force

points for ponder
Points for ponder
  • Contrary to neighbouring country such as Singapore which is facing an acute problem of ageing population

-health care financing

- replacement rate

- dependency burden

- first wave of baby boomers are retiring

- revising statutory retirement age 62-67

Instead, Brunei is facing a large young population and targeting this young population needs a different set of policies

Population and Labour Force

critical review 1
Critical Review (1)
  • Are the young finding it difficult to find a job, employed, unemployed?

(unemployment issues)

  • If employed, are they equipped with appropriate skills for nation building (human resource development & management, particularly to relieve mismatch workforce)

Population and Labour Force

critical review 2
Critical Review (2)
  • If unemployed, are they being choosy as reported (motivational workshop), jobs taken by guest workers especially on lower skill occupations (labour market policies), not enough jobs (job creation)

Population and Labour Force

policy objectives
Policy objectives
  • Increase the probability that the unemployed will find jobs
  • Those who are employed to increase their productivity and earnings

Population and Labour Force

policy initiatives
We need a multitude of factors:

At macro level:

A cultivation of a competitive business environment

An efficient infrastructure

more flexible and dynamic industrial structure to encourage investment

(entrepreneurial level)

Continue on slide 16 ..

Policy initiatives

Population and Labour Force

slide16
Less outsourcing of lower-skilled service activities to other countries
  • Appropriate incentives to induce work effort
  • A quality workforce
  • Improved workplace practices

Population and Labour Force

possible recommendation on active policies at micro level
Possible recommendation on active policies (at micro level)
  • Annual pay reviews

- seniority-based pay system (public)

- performance-based pay system (private)

  • Apprenticeship programme to be introduced from upper secondary level
  • Training, Retraining, skills upgrading made compulsory (*)
  • Attitude adopt to be less stereotyping about gender roles

Population and Labour Force

slide18
In Chile, for example, training taskforce comprising representatives of employers, employees and the Government. This tripartism strengthens accountability while offering the taskforce the autonomy necessary to respond to the needs of today’s dynamic economy.

Population and Labour Force

more recommendations
More recommendations
  • Attitude towards “work” & “responsibility”
  • Job search assistance (both in public and private sectors)
  • Micro-enterprise development and self-employment (research on the proportion of businesses that survive,the number of additional jobs created and other business support services)
  • Constant effort is needed to monitor and evaluate the policies in order to ensure quality

Population and Labour Force

slide20
The major challenge in the decades ahead is to tread the fine line between promoting economic competitiveness and protecting the economic wellbeing of its people.

Population and Labour Force

thank you
Thank You

Further discussion, please contact:

Dr Siew Yean Teo

Department of Economics

Faculty of Business, Economics &

Policy Studies

E-mail: [email protected]

Population and Labour Force

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