Current banking and financial system
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

Essentials of Islamic Banking and Finance IQRA University Gulshan Campus IRSHAD AHMAD AIJAZ PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 85 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Current banking and financial system. Essentials of Islamic Banking and Finance IQRA University Gulshan Campus IRSHAD AHMAD AIJAZ [email protected] Contents of the lecture. Current financial and Banking System: Economic system; Financial Markets; Financial intermediation;

Download Presentation

Essentials of Islamic Banking and Finance IQRA University Gulshan Campus IRSHAD AHMAD AIJAZ

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Essentials of islamic banking and finance iqra university gulshan campus irshad ahmad aijaz

Current banking and financial system

Essentials of Islamic Banking and Finance

IQRA University Gulshan Campus

IRSHAD AHMAD AIJAZ

[email protected]


Contents of the lecture

Contents of the lecture

  • Current financial and Banking System:

    • Economic system;

    • Financial Markets;

    • Financial intermediation;

    • Banking system;

  • Possibility of Islamization of banking;


Contents

Contents

  • Introduction;

  • Economic system;

    • Sectors of economy;

  • Financial Markets;

    • Components of financial markets;

  • Financial intermediation;

    • Types of financial intermediaries;

  • Banking system;

    • Role of banks in economy;

    • Interest based banking;

    • Qualities of banking system;

  • Islamic bank – is it possible?

  • Question and answers


Introduction

Introduction

  • Resources (natural or man-made) available to human being are limited but wants (desires) are not limited and everyone wants to achieve the best;

  • Every person in a society has different types of wants and demands;

    • If A wants a cup of milk at a time then B may wants a piece of cloth at the same time and so on so forth;

  • Management of these wants with in available resources is the art which is called economics;

    • So economics is an art of management of unlimited wants within limited resources. The system in which efforts are made to achieve these targets is called 'Economy';


Economic systems

Economic systems

  • Any economy deals with issue of changing resources into products;

  • The products either perform as mean to produce more products or a satisfactory mean to needs of human being;

  • Three types of experiments in economics are there:

    • Market economy:

      • An economy without almost any control on anything;

    • Planned economy:

      • An economy with some controls put by the government;

    • Mixed economy:

      • This economy is neither a full fledged free market nor it depends on pure planned economy;

      • Under this concept an economy has mixture of freedom and planning;

  • The first model of economy is famous with name of capitalism;

  • The second one is known as socialism;

  • The third one is known as mixed economy;


Sectors of economy

Sectors of economy

  • All types of economies focus on management of sectors of economy in different ways and methods;

  • There are many theories belong to sectors of economy;

  • The famous description is of 'five sector model';

  • A sector may be defined as a part of the economy where the participants are engaged in a similar type of economic activity;

  • The five-sector model describes the operation of the economy and the linkages between the main sectors in the economy:

    • Individuals (Consumers);

    • Businesses (production and manufacturing);

    • Financial institutions (supply of money and finance);

    • Government (as a regulator – taxation and controlling function);

    • International Trade (the rest of the World);


Sectors of economy1

Sectors of economy

  • Individuals:

    • This sector consists of all individuals in the economy. These individuals are the owners of productive resources, and the consumers in our economy.

    • Individuals supply factors of production (inputs) such as labour and enterprise to businesses, which they use to produce goods and services. As a reward for supply resources such as labour and enterprise to firms, individuals receive incomes – rent, wages, interest and profit.

  • Businesses:

    • This sector consists of all the business firms engaged in the production and distribution of goods and services (apart from financial services). It concerns all their activities involved with buying factors of production and using them to produce and sell goods and services;

    • Individuals and businesses are interdependent.


Sectors of economy2

Sectors of economy

  • Financial Institutions:

    • This sector consists of all those institutions that are engaged in the borrowing and lending of money, acting as the intermediaries between those who save, and borrowers of money.

    • Financial institutions are needed for individuals and firms to be able to undertake saving and investment. They perform the function of mobilizing savings for investment;

  • Government:

    • The management of national needs and wants on macro level;

    • It is involved in the satisfaction of collection (community) wants;

    • It obtains the resources to do this through imposing taxes on the other sectors of the economy;


Sectors of economy3

Sectors of economy


Factors of economy

Factors of economy

  • There are four factors of economy according to capitalist approach;

  • These are:

    • Land;

      • Fixed assets that produce something;

    • Labour;

      • Human capital;

    • Capital;

      • Money and other forms of capital;

    • Entrepreneur;

      • Owner and master;

  • These factors produce 'products and services';

  • Every factor gets what is due to it;


Economic system

ECONOMY

Factors of production

Land

Labor

Capital

Enterprise

Products

Goods

Services

Factor Market

Product Market

Economic System


Economic system1

Product market

Factor market

Manufactured goods

Services

Capital

Labor

Cloth

Rental

Loan

Employment

Food

Health

Shelter

Education

Equity

Financial Market

Non-financial enterprises

Economic System

  • Market activities determine the price. Demand and supply are the decisive factors for pricing;

  • Both types of market have different norms and ways of operations;


Financial markets

Assets

Tangible Asset:

Its value depends on particular

physical properties

Intangible Asset:

It represent legal claims on some future benefits.

Building

Loan

Financial

Assets

Machinery

Share

Land

Bond

Financial markets

  • The market that deals in “financial assets” is called Financial Market;

  • Asset means “any possession that has value in exchange”;

  • So a Financial Market is a market where financial assets are exchanged;


Classification of financial markets

Classification of financial markets

  • Classification by nature of claim:

    • Debt Market;

    • Equity Market;

  • Classification by maturity of claim:

    • Money market – less than one year life market;

    • Capital market – greater than 1 year life market;

  • Classification by seasoning of claim:

    • Primary market;

    • Secondary market;


Financial intermediation

Financial intermediation;

  • Financial intermediation is an act of institution, firm or individual who mediates between two or more parties in a financial context;

  • Financial context means facilitating the channeling of funds between lenders and borrowers indirectly;

  • The savers (lenders) give funds (deposit) to an institution (such as a bank), and that institution gives those funds to spenders (borrowers);

  • Typically the first party is a provider of a product or service and the second party is a consumer or customer;

  • This may be in the form of loans or mortgages;


Financial intermediation1

Directly to these activities

Financial intermediation

Business

Industry

Individuals

Governments

Companies

International trade

etc. etc

Individuals

Companies

Funds

supply

Trusts

Supply of funds through Financial intermediaries

Private Businesses

Organizations

Banks

Insurance companies;

Credit unions;

Funds;

Investment trust;


Financial intermediary and its types

Financial intermediary and its types

  • A financial intermediary is an institution, firm or individual who mediates between two or more parties in a financial context which means channeling of funds between lenders and borrowers indirectly;

  • Following are its types:

Financial intermediaries

Depository institution

Non-depository institution

Development banks;

State banks;

Insurance companies;

Investment banks;

Brokerage houses;

Banks;

Saving associations;

Loan associations;

Credit unions;

Credit societies;


Role of banks in economy

Role of banks in economy

  • Exchange of financial assets on behalf of customers;

  • Exchange of financial assets of their own assets;

  • Receive deposits and provide safety;

  • Provide investment device for market participants;

  • Provide platform for small savers;

  • Channelize idle wealth of society;

  • Assist in settlement of claims;

  • Provide cash management services;

  • A tool for government for minatory control;


Qualities of banking system

Qualities of banking system

  • Channelize idle wealth of society;

    • An individual can also participate in economy;

  • Assist in settlement of claims;

    • Provide services for members of society;

    • Check and payment instruments;

    • Ease in payments;

  • Provide cash management services;

    • No need for keeping books in home;

  • A tool for government for minatory control;

    • Hoarding and inflation control;


Conventional banking system

Conventional banking system

STRUCTURE OF CONVENTIONAL BANK

BANK

DEPOSITORS

CUSTOMERS


Interest based banking

Interest based banking

  • Receive deposit on interest;

  • And give money on interest;

Financial activities of a conventional bank

BANK

DEPOSITORS

CUSTOMERS

LEND

LEND

INTEREST

INTEREST


Possibility of islamization of banking system

Possibility of Islamization of banking system.

  • Banks receive money from one side and give to other side;

  • Any possibility for this in Islam?

  • See nest slide:


Possibility of islamization of banking system1

Possibility of Islamization of banking system.

STRUCTURE OF ISLAMIC BANK

ISLAMIC BANK

DEPOSITORS

CUSTOMERS

Trade;

Rental;

Participation;

Investment agency

  • Participate in business

  • Mudarabah;

  • Musharakah

Profit in trade

Rent in rental;

Share in profit in participation;

Share in profit


Problems and issues in existing financial system

Problems and issues in existing financial system;

  • Interest;

  • Gambling;

  • Excessive uncertainty;

  • Non-Islamic business;

  • No obedience to Islamic rules of business;


Questions

Questions?


  • Login