Polygons
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Polygons. Lesson 3-4. Polygons. Definition:. A closed figure formed by a finite number of coplanar segments so that each segment intersects exactly two others, but only at their endpoints. These figures are not polygons. These figures are polygons. Classifications of a Polygon. Convex:.

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Lesson 3-4

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Polygons

Polygons

Lesson 3-4

Lesson 3-4: Polygons


Polygons1

Polygons

Definition:

A closed figure formed by a finite number of coplanar segments so that each segment intersects exactly two others, but only at their endpoints.

These figures arenot polygons

These figures are polygons

Lesson 3-4: Polygons


Classifications of a polygon

Classifications of a Polygon

Convex:

No line containing a side of the polygon contains a point in its interior

Concave:

A polygon for which there is a line containing a side of the polygon and a point in the interior of the polygon.

Lesson 3-4: Polygons


Classifications of a polygon1

Classifications of a Polygon

Regular:

A convex polygon in which all interior angles have the same measure and all sides are the same length

Irregular:

Two sides (or two interior angles) are not congruent.

Lesson 3-4: Polygons


Polygon names

Polygon Names

Triangle

3 sides

4 sides

Quadrilateral

5 sides

Pentagon

6 sides

Hexagon

7 sides

Heptagon

8 sides

Octagon

9 sides

Nonagon

10 sides

Decagon

Dodecagon

12 sides

n sides

n-gon

Lesson 3-4: Polygons


Convex polygon formulas

Convex Polygon Formulas…..

Diagonals of a Polygon:

A segment connecting nonconsecutive vertices of a polygon

For a convex polygon with n sides:

The sum of the interior angles is

The measure of one interior angle is

The sum of the exterior angles is

The measure of one exterior angle is

Lesson 3-4: Polygons


Examples

Examples…..

  • Sum of the measures of the interior angles of a 11-gon is

  • (n – 2)180°  (11 – 2)180 °  1620

  • The measure of an exterior angle of a regular octagon is

  • The number of sides of regular polygon with exterior angle 72 ° is

  • The measure of an interior angle of a regular polygon with 30 sides

Lesson 3-4: Polygons


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