Stoicism
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Stoicism. Stoicism was a philosophy that started with the basic insight of both Plato and Aristotle that we live in a lawful universe. Stoicism was a philosophy that started with the basic insight of both Plato and Aristotle that we live in a lawful universe.

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Stoicism

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Stoicism


  • Stoicism was a philosophy that started with the basic insight of both Plato and Aristotle that we live in a lawful universe.


Stoicism was a philosophy that started with the basic insight of both Plato and Aristotle that we live in a lawful universe.

The order discovered in nature gives witness to a divine intelligence at work both in the cosmos and in human beings.


Zeno (336-264 B.C.E.)


  • Our real value as human beings is not in our individuality, but in our being a part of this great system of nature.


  • One of the most famous Stoic sayings is “Live according to nature” (Copleston, p. 139)


  • Whatever freedom humans can aspire to has much less to do with whether we are born slave or free, healthy or unhealthy, but whether or not we are free from slavery to our emotions.


Poseidonius (135-51 B.C.E.)


  • Dualism is a viewpoint that separates the body and soul as not only different substances, but also somewhat opposed.


  • Roman Stoicism becomes much more a practice, rather than a theory, and in doing so takes on a religious function for many people.


Seneca (3 B.C.E-65C.E.)


  • “See that you are beloved by all while you live and regretted when you die.”

  • “Wherever there is a human being there is room for benevolence.”


Epictetus (55-135 C.E.)


  • Philosophy was not to be studied for the sake of speculation, but to learn discernment.


Marcus Aurelius (121-180 C.E.)


  • “Since it is possible that you may depart from life this very moment, regulate every act and thought accordingly.”


Summary

  • Life is like a theatrical play and your job is not complain about your role, but to play it well.


  • We grow into our freedom not only through the study of philosophy, but also through the practice of non-attachment to our emotions and acceptance of the conditions of our life.


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