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2005-06 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3). KEY FINDINGS ON CHILD MORTALITY AND CHILD HEALTH. Topics. Infant and child mortality Treatment of childhood diseases Child immunizations. Infant Mortality Rates. Per 1,000 live births. Early Childhood Mortality Rates. Per 1,000.

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2005 06 national family health survey nfhs 3

2005-06 National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3)

KEY FINDINGS ON

CHILD MORTALITY AND

CHILD HEALTH


Topics
Topics

  • Infant and child mortality

  • Treatment of childhood diseases

  • Child immunizations


Infant mortality rates
Infant Mortality Rates

Per 1,000 live births


Early childhood mortality rates

Early Childhood Mortality Rates

Per 1,000

More than half of deaths to children who die in the first five years of life occur in the first month after birth



Infant mortality rates by state
Infant Mortality Rates by State

Per 1,000 live births




Infant mortality rates by wealth
Infant Mortality Rates by Wealth

Per 1,000 live births


Perinatal mortality rates by residence
Perinatal Mortality Rates by Residence

Per 1,000 pregnancies of 7 or more months duration


Topics1
Topics

  • Infant and child mortality

  • Treatment of childhood diseases

  • Child immunizations


Treatment of childhood diseases
Treatment of Childhood Diseases

Percentage of children with childhood diseases

taken to a health facility or provider

  • Diarrhoea: 60 percent

  • Acute respiratory infection (ARI): 69 percent

  • Fever: 71 percent


Treatment of diarrhoea
Treatment of Diarrhoea

  • 39% of children under age 5 with diarrhoea in the two weeks before the survey received some kind of oral rehydration therapy

  • 26% were treated with a solution prepared from oral rehydration salt (ORS) packets and 20% received gruel

  • More than one-quarter did not receive any kind of treatment

  • 16% received antibiotics, which are not normally recommended for treating childhood diarrhoea


Knowledge of ors packets
Knowledge of ORS Packets

Nearly three-quarters of women know about ORS packets (up from 43% in NFHS-1 and 62% in NFHS-2).

However, use of ORS is low and virtually unchanged since NFHS-2.


Trends in treatment of childhood diarrhoea with ors
Trends in Treatment of Childhood Diarrhoea with ORS

Percentage of children age 0-3 with diarrhoea in the past 2 weeks


Highest and Lowest Use of ORS

Percentage of children age five with diarrhoea in the past 2 weeks


Feeding practices during diarrhoea
Feeding Practices during Diarrhoea

  • Children with diarrhoea should be given more liquids to drink than usual, but only 10% of children with diarrhoea actually receive more liquids and almost 4 in 10 receive less to drink

  • Children with diarrhoea should continue to be fed, but 45% receive less food than usual or no food at all when they have diarrhoea


Topics2
Topics

  • Infant and child mortality

  • Treatment of childhood diseases

  • Child immunizations




Full vaccination
Full Vaccination

  • Only 44% of children age 12-23 months are fully vaccinated (only a slight increase in coverage from 42% in NFHS-2)

  • Between NFHS-2 and NFHS-3, full vaccination coverage for children increased in 19 of the 29 states and dropped in the remaining 10 states


Full Immunization of Children

Percent of children age 12-23 months


Full Immunization of Children

Percent of children age 12-23 months


Summary of vaccination coverage
Summary of Vaccination Coverage

  • Almost all children age 12-23 months (95%) receive at least some of the recommended vaccinations

  • Vaccination coverage against vaccine-preventable diseases has been improving for all recommended vaccinations EXCEPT DPT

  • Vaccination coverage is highest for BCG and three doses of polio vaccine, but nearly one-quarter of children have not received these vaccinations


Summary of vaccination coverage1
Summary of Vaccination Coverage

  • Drop-outs between the first and third doses of DPT and polio vaccine are a substantial problem

  • Less than half of children age 12-23 months are fully vaccinated

  • Vaccination coverage has improved in most states, but there has been a notable decrease in vaccination coverage in several states



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