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Professora Georgiana

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Professora Georgiana. FORM: have / has + past participle. Affirmative : I have seen the film before. She has seen the film before. Negative : They have n’t seen the film before. He has n’t seen the film before. ?. ?. ?.

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FORM: have / has + past participle

Affirmative:I have seen the film before.

She has seen the film before.

slide3

Negative: They haven’t seen the film before.

He hasn’t seen the film before.

slide4

?

?

?

?

Interrogative: Have you seen the film before?

Has she seen the film before?

?

?

?

?

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to gotten

to given

to gone

to had

to known

to made

to ridden

to sat

to slept

to become

to bring

to build

to buy

to catch

to drive

to eat

to fight

to fly

to forget

to get

to give

to go

to have

to know

to make

to ride

to sit

to sleep

become

brought

built

bought

caught

driven

eaten

fought

flown

forgotten

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Uses of the present perfect

1- Recent events: It is used to describe recent events without a definite time. A time expression may emphasize recentness: just, recently, lately

Why are they so happy?

They have just won a prize so they are really pleased

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2-Personal experiences: It is used to express personal experiences, there is not a definite time given.The time expressions ever and never are very often used with this meaning

I have never been to Japan. Have you ever been there?

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3- It is used to express actions that started in the past and continue to the present, the time period is not finished. We use for and since with this meaning.

I haven’t eaten since yesterday morning. I am really hungry

I haven’t drunk anything for two days. I am terribly thirsty

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We use definite expressions with the Past simple tense: yesterday, last week, … ago etc, while we don’t use definite time expressions with the Present perfect tense.

I have been to France three times

When didyou gotherelast?

I wentthere last Summer

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Gerald has bought a new car.

  • He boughtit last week.
  • Have you met Ray?
  • – Yes, I met him when we were students.
  • My parents have been to India.
  • In fact, they went there twice last year.
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Note the difference

He has been to London.  Now he is here. He can tell you wonderful stories about London.

He has been in London for two weeks.  He is still in London.

Where’s Peter? He has gone to London.  He is in Italy or on his way to London.

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Answer the questions.

Use short answers.

Have you ever been to Canada?

Yes, ____________.

Has Jane ever cooked Thai food?

No, ____________.

Have Li Mang and Xiu ever written poetry?

Yes, ____________.

Has Cesar ever read an English newspaper?

Yes, ____________.

Has Julio ever fallen asleep in class?

No, ____________.

Have Ramon and Sancho ever driven a car?

No, ____________.

I have

she hasn’t

they have

he has

he hasn’t

they have

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Complete the sentences.

Use the present perfect.

My friends __________ (go) to Europe twice.

We ____________ (travel) by plane lots of times.

Rob _________ (go) on a blind date.

Martha __________ (do) karate.

I ____________ (dye) my hair three times.

Kerry ____________ (eat) insects in Thailand.

William __________ (ride) a camel in Egypt.

My parents ___________ (swim) in the Indian Ocean.

have gone

have traveled

has gone

has done

have dyied

has eaten

has ridden

have swum

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Circle the correct past participle.

Talk talked / talken

Fall fell / fallen

Go went/ gone

Break breaked / broken

Wear worn / wore

Do done / did

Be was/ been

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Write sentences in the present perfect.

Use already, just, and yet.

She / win the lotto (already)

______________________________.

He / tell a lie (just)

______________________________.

I / not visit Europe (yet)

______________________________.

They / start the exam (already)

______________________________.

I / make a mistake (just)

______________________________.

We / not have dinner (yet)

______________________________.

She has already won the lotto

He has just told a lie

I haven’t visited Europe yet

They have already started the exam

I have just made a mistake

We haven’t had dinner yet

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