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מדיניות להכללה ( inclusion ) של אנשים עם מוגבלות בתעסוקה ובחברה: מבט לאומי ובינלאומי PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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מדיניות להכללה ( inclusion ) של אנשים עם מוגבלות בתעסוקה ובחברה: מבט לאומי ובינלאומי. פרופ ' אריק רימרמן , ראש הקתדרה לרווחה ותכנון חברתי ע"ש ריצארד קרוסמן , הפקולטה למדעי הרווחה והבריאות, אוניברסיטת חיפה. סקירה היסטורית.

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מדיניות להכללה ( inclusion ) של אנשים עם מוגבלות בתעסוקה ובחברה: מבט לאומי ובינלאומי

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(inclusion) :

' , " , ,


", , sin, impurity, undesirability, weakness, care and compassion

( )

- : , -- , .

- - , : , . , - , , . - -, , , .

- - , -- , - : -- , .

(Matt. 15:30-31)

Great crowds came to him, bringing the lame, the blind, the crippled, the mute and many others, and laid them at his feet; and he healed them. The people were amazed when they saw the mute speaking; the crippled made well, the lame walking and the blind seeing.

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but the offspring of the inferior, or of the better when they chance to be deformed, will be put away in some mysterious, unknown place, as it should be. Yes, that must be done if the breed of the guardians is to be kept pure. And if any [unplanned embryo] force a way to birth, the parents must understand that the offspring of such a union cannot be maintained (Plato 197,199).

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19 20

Eugenics

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(Social inclusion) , .(social exclusion)

(social exclusion) ,


, , . .

, corporate welfare . anti discrimination legislation


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.


OECD 2006-2007


: 2013


2005-2012: 2013


: 2013 )


2005-2012: 2013


2005-2012: 2013


(.(Disablism

, , , . :

Pitiable,

pathetic

Super cripple

Object of violence

Object of ridicule, fool

A burden


Easter Seals Poster Stamps 1934-1944


Easter Seals Poster Stamps 1953-1957


(disability culture) .

disability culture , .


-

, - .

-

-case management, one stop centers-


USA

The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and 2008

UK

Disability Discrimination Act of 1995/2005

The Equality Act of 2010

1998


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.

, / .


"

2007 UN Convention on the Rights of People with Disabilities .

:

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() -

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()

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()

()

: , , , , , , , .


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. , - .

, . .

.

, .


.

8 " (raising awareness) . .

, . , .

.


UN CRPD (Article 8)-- Raising Awareness

1. States Parties undertake to adopt immediate, effective and appropriate measures:

(a) To raise awareness throughout society, including at the family level, regarding persons with disabilities, and to foster respect for the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities; (b) To combat stereotypes, prejudices and harmful practices relating to persons with disabilities, including those based on sex and age, in all areas of life; (c) To

promote awareness of the capabilities and contributions of persons with disabilities.

2. Measures to this end include:

(a) Initiating and maintaining effective public awareness campaigns designed: (i) To nurture receptiveness to the rights of persons with disabilities; (ii) To promote positive perceptions and greater social awareness towards persons with disabilities; (iii) To promote recognition of the skills, merits and abilities of persons with disabilities, and of their contributions to the workplace and the labor market; (b) Fostering at all levels of the education system, including in all children from an early age, an attitude of respect for the rights of persons with disabilities; (c) Encouraging all organs of the media to portray persons with disabilities in a manner consistent with the purpose of the present Convention; (d) Promoting awareness-training programs regarding persons with disabilities and the rights of persons with disabilities.


, .

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