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Sentences. Chapter 2. You read a lot. I read two books. Sometimes for information Other times when I’m too tired.

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Chapter 2


  • You read a lot.

  • I read two books.

  • Sometimes for information

  • Other times when I’m too tired

Subjects and verbs

  • Mrs. Goddard, and the teachers, and the girls and the affairs of the school in general, formed naturally a great part of the conversation. . . . But the Martins occupied her thoughts a good deal; she had spent two very happy months with them, and now loved to talk of the pleasures of her visit, and describe the many comforts and wonders of the place.

Subjects and Verbs


  • Here is my reason for withdrawal.

  • For this reason alone can I not participate in the event.

  • Was that your reason

Declarative sentences

Declarative Sentences

Exclamatory sentences

Exclamatory Sentences

Imperative sentences

Imperative Sentences

Interrogative sentences

Interrogative Sentences

S inv

  • S= Subject

  • InV= Intransitive verb (action verb that doesn’t have an object)

  • Kody went to McDonald's.

  • The cat ran away.


S trv do

  • TrV- Transitive verb (action verb with an object)

  • DO- Direct Object (answers the questions what? or whom? after an action verb)

  • Caleb captured the ferret.

  • The cat caught the mouse.


S trv io do

  • IO- Indirect Object (answers the questions to whom, for whom, to what, or for whom after an action verb, comes before a DO)

  • Brooke threw the cat the ball of yarn.

  • Jo gave Yong Chan a present for his birthday.


S lv pn

  • LV- Linking Verb (can be replaced with =)

  • PN- Predicate Noun (noun that comes after a LV that renames the subject, = the subject)

  • The snake is a copperhead.

    • Snake=copperhead

  • McDonald’s is a fast food restaurant.

  • A twister is a tornado.


S lv pa

  • PA- Predicate Adjective (adjective that follows a linking verb and describes the subject)

  • Adjective test frame

  • The _____________ thing (or person) is very ______________________.

  • The awesome class is very awesome.

  • The English 10 class is awesome.

  • Some students seemed confused.


S trv do oc

  • OC- objective complement, noun or adjective that renames or describes the DO

    • Miss MacQuarrie appointed Brooke speller of the week.

    • Some find vocabulary stories difficult.

  • Often you can place the words to be between the DO and OC.

    • Some find vocabulary stories to be difficult.

    • Miss MacQuarrie appointed Brooke to be speller of the week.


S be advl

  • Be- be verb

  • Advl- adverbial, a prepositional phrase or adverb acting as a complement, follow a be verb- here and now

    • The practice will be after dinner.

    • The class party is in the planning stage.

    • The class party will not be here.


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