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Chapter 12: South Asia. Environmental Geography. South Asia Reference. South Asia. South Asia is a land of political tensions Tensions between India and Pakistan Growing population South Asia could soon surpass East Asia in population One of the poorest regions on Earth

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Chapter 12: South Asia

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Chapter 12 south asia

Chapter 12: South Asia

Environmental Geography


South asia reference

South Asia Reference


South asia

South Asia

  • South Asia is a land of political tensions

    • Tensions between India and Pakistan

  • Growing population

    • South Asia could soon surpass East Asia in population

  • One of the poorest regions on Earth

  • Not well-connected to the globalized world

    • Slow economic growth and inward orientation


Environmental geography diverse landscapes from tropical islands to mountain rim

Environmental Geography: Diverse Landscapes, from Tropical Islands to Mountain Rim

  • Environmental Issues in South Asia

    • 1984 explosion at Bhopal fertilizer plant

  • Natural Hazards in Bangladesh

    • Flooding in the Ganges and Brahmaputra river deltas


Ganges delta largest

Ganges Delta – largest


Chapter 12 south asia

Dhaka flooding 2004


Environmental issues

Environmental Issues

  • Cyclones (hurricanes) – mostly Bangladesh

    • Delta at sea level

    • Clobbered by cyclones

    • 60 since 1900

    • 1991 – “The Big One” –

      • 140,000 dead

      • 150 mph wind

        20 ft. wave

        Factor in poverty cycle


Bangladesh cyclone

Bangladesh cyclone


Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991

Bangladesh cyclone damage -1991


Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 rice paddies

Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 – rice paddies


Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 back flips off water buffalo

Bangladesh cyclone damage 1991 –back flips off water buffalo


Bangladesh cyclone damage

Bangladesh cyclone damage


Recent monsoons in india

Recent monsoons in India…

  • Sept. 2011 – 50 people died in monsoon related flooding…

  • September 2005 -

  • http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/south_asia/4727763.stm


Environmental issues1

Environmental issues

  • Forests and Deforestation

    • Historically, Ganges Valley and coastal plains of India deforested for agriculture

    • Deforestation (agricultural, urban, and industrial expansion, RR)

      • Fuel wood shortage (dung)


Environmental geography diverse landscapes from tropical islands to mountain rim cont

Environmental Geography: Diverse Landscapes, from Tropical Islands to Mountain Rim (cont.)

  • Environmental Issues in South Asia (cont.)

    • Forests and Deforestation (cont.)

      • Chipko movement – started as a women’s protest movement against deforestation and now has spread throughout many Himalayan villages


Environmental issues2

Environmental Issues

  • Wildlife: Extinction and Protection

    • Region has managed to maintain a diverse wildlife population

      • Increasing population pressure in wildlife habitats


Indian tiger 200 people killed injured in 5 year period

Indian Tiger -200 people killed/injured in 5 year period


Chapter 12 south asia

  • The Four Subregions of South Asia

    • 1) Mountains of the North

      • Collision of Indian Subcontinent with Eurasian landmass

        • 200 million years ago

        • Himalayan Range and others

        • Still moving (plate tectonics) – 1 inch a year

        • Earthquake zone


Himalayas

Himalayas

  • India, Nepal and Bhutan

  • 1500 miles long

  • “Home of the Gods”

  • 24 peaks over 25,000 ft.

  • Mt.Everest (29,028 ft.)


Everest

Everest


1953 nepal sir edmund hillary tenzing norgay climb everest

1953 –NepalSir Edmund Hillary & Tenzing Norgay climb Everest


South asia physical

South Asia Physical


Chapter 12 south asia

  • The Four Subregions of South Asia (cont.)

    • 2) Indus-Ganges-Brahmaputra Lowlands

      • Large lowlands created by three major river systems

        • Indus – longest , 1800 miles- cultural hearth

        • Brahmaputra -1700 miles, delta mostly densely populated in world, fertile land,

        • Ganges – 1500 miles, transportation system, densely populated,

        • Holy river for Hindus


Ganges river

Ganges River


Chapter 12 south asia

  • 3) Peninsular India

    • Deccan Plateau

      • Makes up most of peninsular India

    • Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats (6,000 ft, to 8,000 ft. high)

  • 4) The Southern Islands

    • Sri Lanka

    • Maldives – chain of more than 1,200 islands,

      • 75% uninhabited

      • Only 116 square miles total

      • 6 ft. highest elevation

      • Threatened by global warming


Deccan plateau

Deccan Plateau


Chapter 12 south asia

  • South Asia’s Monsoon Climates

    • Monsoon – the distinct seasonal change of wind direction, which corresponds with wet and dry periods

      • Three South Asian seasons:

        • Warm and rainy season from June to October

        • Cool and dry season November to February

        • Hot period from March to late May (120° F)

    • Drier conditions in Pakistan

    • Crops depend on Monsoon rains


South asian monsoon

South Asian Monsoon


Monsoon pictures

Monsoon pictures


Monsoon pictures1

Monsoon pictures


Monsoon pictures2

Monsoon pictures


Monsoon pictures3

Monsoon pictures


Monsoon pictures4

Monsoon pictures


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