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Sentences: Simple, Complex, & Compound. Review: Clauses. To understand certain types of sentences, you have to understand certain types of clauses, as studied in our last unit. Remember: an independent clause is a fancy name for a sentence.

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Sentences simple complex compound

Sentences:Simple, Complex, & Compound


Review clauses
Review: Clauses

  • To understand certain types of sentences, you have to understand certain types of clauses, as studied in our last unit.

  • Remember: an independent clause is a fancy name for a sentence.

  • A dependent clause is a group of words that has a subject and predicate, but cannot stand alone (it doesn’t express a complete thought).


What is a simple sentence
What is a SIMPLE Sentence?

A

simple sentence

is a stand-alone

independent clause

without any

dependent clauses.


Sample simple sentences
Sample SIMPLE Sentences

Independent Clause / Simple Sentence #1:

My sister’s cat really annoys me.

Independent Clause / Simple Sentence #2:

My brother and I are tired.

Independent Clause / Simple Sentence #3:

The trees bent and swayed in the wind.

Independent Clause / Simple Sentence #4:

A small, furry squirrel ran up a pole.

(Notice how sentence #2 has compound subjects and

sentence #3 has compound predicates.)


What is a complex sentence
What is a COMPLEX Sentence?

A

complex sentence

is a sentence with an

independent clause

AND one or more

dependent clauses.


Sample complex sentences
Sample COMPLEX Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #1 complex:

Independent Clause:

My sister’s cat really annoys me.

+

Dependent Clause:

when it bites my feet

=

Complex Sentence:

My sister’s cat really annoys me when it bites my feet.

OR

When it bites my feet, my sister’s cat really annoys me.


Sample complex sentences1
Sample COMPLEX Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #2 complex:

Independent Clause:

My brother and I are tired.

+

Dependent Clause:

after football practice ends

=

Complex Sentence:

My brother and I are tired after football practice ends.

OR

After football practice ends, my brother and I are tired.


Sample complex sentences2
Sample COMPLEX Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #3 complex:

Independent Clause:

The trees bent and swayed in the wind.

+

Dependent Clause:

while the rain poured down

=

Complex Sentence:

The trees bent and swayed in the wind while the rain poured down.

OR

While the rain poured down, the trees bent and swayed in the wind.


Sample complex sentences3
Sample COMPLEX Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #4 complex:

Independent Clause:

A small, furry squirrel ran up a pole.

+

Dependent Clause:

since the cat chased it

=

Complex Sentence:

A small, furry squirrel ran up a pole since the cat chased it.

OR

Since the cat chased it, a small, furry squirrel ran up a pole.


Complex sentence practice
Complex Sentence Practice

In each pair of sentences, decide which one is complex:

1. a. I would like my fresh salad before my sirloin steak.

b. Jenny must clean her room before she goes.

2. a. After the news is over, let’s play a game.

b. Patrick will line up after Susan, Terri, and Robert.

3. a. He will do his homework because it’s due tomorrow.

b. The final game was postponed because of the rain.

4. a. When will you come to my house to play air hockey?

b. When the moon is full, strange things happen.


Complex sentence practice1
Complex Sentence Practice

The pink sentence is complex:

1. a. I would like my fresh salad before my sirloin steak.

b. Jenny must clean her room before she goes.

2. a. After the news is over, let’s play a game.

b. Patrick will line up after Susan, Terri, and Robert.

3. a. He will do his homework because it’s due tomorrow.

b. The final game was postponed because of the rain.

4. a. When will you come to my house to play air hockey?

b. When the moon is full, strange things happen.

Remember: A dependent clause must have

a subject AND predicate!


What is a compound sentence
What is a COMPOUND Sentence?

A

compound sentence

is a sentence with two

independent clauses

joined by a coordinating

conjunction.


What is a coordinating conjunction
What is a COORDINATING CONJUNCTION?

These are the 7

coordinating conjunction

used to join compound sentences:

for, and, nor,

but, or, yet, so

(FYI: for = because)

Just remember:

F A N B O Y S


Punctuating compound sentences
Punctuating Compound Sentences

Use a comma

AFTER

the 1st independent clause,

BEFORE

the coordinating conjunction!


Sample compound sentences
Sample COMPOUND Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #1 compound:

Independent Clause:

My sister’s cat really annoys me.

+

Coordinating Conjunction:

but

+

Independent Clause:

It is cute.

=

Compound Sentence:

My sister’s cat really annoys me, but it is cute.


Sample compound sentences1
Sample COMPOUND Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #2 compound:

Independent Clause:

My brother and I are tired.

+

Coordinating Conjunction:

so

+

Independent Clause:

We are going to bed.

=

Compound Sentence:

My brother and I are tired, so we are going to bed.


Sample compound sentences2
Sample COMPOUND Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #3 compound:

Independent Clause:

The trees bent and swayed in the wind.

+

Coordinating Conjunction:

for

+

Independent Clause:

The storm was approaching.

=

Compound Sentence:

The trees bent and swayed in the wind, for the storm was approaching.


Sample compound sentences3
Sample COMPOUND Sentences

Here’s how you make simple sentence #4 compound:

Independent Clause:

A small, furry squirrel ran up a pole.

+

Coordinating Conjunction:

yet

+

Independent Clause:

It wasn’t being chased.

=

Compound Sentence:

A small, furry squirrel ran up a pole, yet it wasn’t being chased.


Pop quiz
POP Quiz

Decide whether each sentence is simple (S), complex (CX),

or compound (CD).

  • The desk was made of wood and metal.

  • When I left home, it hadn’t rained yet.

  • What’s on TV after this show?

  • I have some money, but I want to save it.

  • Bill and Sam played baseball and football today.

  • I’m going to read while I wait for my mom.

  • She’s tired, for she stayed up too late.

  • I want a Coke, and I’ll have pizza, too.

  • Mrs. Parker has a big, black, sassy cat.

  • Tammy finished her test although she was careless.


Pop quiz answers
POP Quiz Answers

Decide whether each sentence is simple (S), complex (CX),

or compound (CD).

  • The desk was made of wood and metal. (S)

  • When I left home, it hadn’t rained yet. (CX)

  • What’s on TV after this show? (S)

  • I have some money, but I want to save it. (CD)

  • Bill and Sam played baseball and football today. (S)

  • I’m going to read while I wait for my mom. (CX)

  • She’s tired, for she stayed up too late. (CD)

  • I want a Coke, and I’ll have pizza, too. (CD)

  • Mrs. Parker has a big, black, sassy cat. (S)

  • Tammy finished her test although she was careless. (CX)


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