INFORMATION LITERACY What is it ? How can we teach it ?. Al Najaf Conference 7 May 2009 Fujairah HCT Pamella Asquith, Librarian FMC. INFORMATION LITERACY. Thought-Provoking Quotations Definition and History of Information Literacy as a concept Teaching Options for Info Lit
Al Najaf Conference
7 May 2009 Fujairah HCT
Pamella Asquith, Librarian FMC
Education... has produced
a vast population
able to read but
unable to distinguish
what is worth reading.
G.M. Trevelyan, British Historian (1876-1962)
In your thirst for knowledge,
be sure not to drown
in all the information.
Anthony J. D'Angelo
The College Blue Book
so much information all day long that
they lose their common sense.
Gertrude Stein (1874 - 1946)
I'm not dumb.
I just have a command
of thoroughly useless information.
Bill Watterson (1958 - )
“Calvin", It's a Magical World
The multitude of books
is making us ignorant.
Voltaire (1694 - 1778)
Ability to read
Ability to use computers
Ability to think critically about
and use information
“To be information literate, a person must be able to recognizewhen information is needed and have the ability to locate, evaluate, and useeffectively the needed information.”
American Library Association, 1989
Presidential Committee establishing
the National Forum on Information Literacy
“[Information literacy is] a new liberal art
that extends from knowing how to
use computers and access information to
critical reflection on the nature of information itself, its technical infrastructure and its social, cultural, and philosophical context and impact.”
Jeremy Shapiro & Shelley Hughes
Educause Review 31:2 March/April 1996
Sponsored by UNESCO,
the National Commission on Libraries and Information Science,
and the National Forum on Information Literacy
“The creation of an Information Society is key to social, cultural and economic development of nations and communities, institutions and individuals in the 21st century and beyond.
Information Literacy encompasses knowledge of one’s information concerns and needs, and the ability to identify, locate, evaluate, organize and effectively create, use and communicate informationto address issues or problems at hand; it is a prerequisite for participating effectively in the Information Society, and is part of the basic human right of lifelong learning.”
“Information Literacy lies at the core of lifelong learning. It empowers people in all walks of life to seek, evaluate, use and create information effectively to achieve their personal, social, occupational and educational goals. It is a basic human right in a digital world and promotes social inclusion of all nations.”
Eleven stages of the Information Literacy Life Cycle
1. Realize need
2. Identify & define info needed
3. Determine if info exists
4. Find info
5. Create unavailable info
6. Read and understand info
7. Organize, analyze, interpret & evaluate
8. Communicate info to others
9. Solve the info problem
10. Preserve & archive info for future use
11. Dispose of obsolete info
Tier 1: How to use the library, check out books, find books etc
Tier 2: How to use specific kinds of resources : dictionaries, encyclopedias, e-books, magazines, newspapers, etc
Tier 3: How to use databases, general and subject specific
Tier 4: Evaluation of information resources especially websites
Tier 5: Academic honesty and citing sources, writing reference lists or bibliographies
Tier 6 : Academic Research Process (Big6)
All of the above
were not coordinated in such a way as to deliver instruction at the optimal time.
About 1 year ago, in collaboration with faculty and supervisors, modules were conceived and designed by librarians.
Integral was the notion of time-share presentation among library staff, SSC tutors, language and content faculty at whatever point within a course deemed most useful.
Tier 1: How to use the library (Taught by library staff)
Tier 2 : How to use specific kinds of resources
Taught by library staff or Foundations English faculty)
Tier 3 & 4: How to use databases and evaluation of resources (Taught by librarians)
Tier 5: Citing sources, writing reference lists or bibliographies(Taught by librarians and faculty)
Tier 6: Academic Research Process
(Taught by content faculty and librarians)
A module is only 3-10 minutes but exercises and supplements can extend the lesson time, be used as reinforcement, follow up or assessment at faculty discretion.
Modules are designed like an “infomercial” and “branded” with a custom look but each has different colors and avatars. Language is in a conversational style & as simple as possible.
Printable worksheets and other materials such as flash cards are included for many modules and can be used at the faculty discretion.
Narration can be imbedded (headphone quality). High-quality narration for classroom acoustics also possible but needs a separate linked file.
Tier 1: Call Numbers (PlugIn 8)
Tier 2: Newspapers (PlugIn 14)
Tier 3: Business Databases (PlugIn 21)
Tier 4: Questions about Websites (PlugIn 38)
Tier 5: MLA Intext Citations for Direct Quotes (PlugIn 28)
Tier 6: The Academic Research Process (PlugIn 40)
Unfortunately at the beginning of the AY, not all content was finished. But, now after first year, most of the content has been developed.
Problems with technical aspects of narration and playback.
Lots of revision necessary because of library website interface changes. Major revisions necessary in all presentations on citations and referencing because MLA has changed the rules.
Due to time loss from breaks in the semester, faculty could not spare time for 100% coverage of all topics.
Ongoing issue of so many sections needing coverage, too many for the same person.
Classroom teachers don’t want extra lessons added to their curriculum, so coverage of library lessons has been & will always be spotty if faculty are responsible for delivery.
Looking for an alternative less labor-intensive (BlackBoardVista).