Thailand country report 2008 on information technology
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Thailand Country Report 2008 on Information Technology. Prof.Dr. Srisakdi Charmonman Chairman of Thailand Chapter of the Computer Society of the IEEE. [email protected] www.charm.au.edu.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Thailand Country Report 2008on Information Technology

Prof.Dr. Srisakdi Charmonman

Chairman of Thailand Chapter of the Computer Society of the IEEE

[email protected]

www.charm.au.edu

Keynote Address presented to IEEE Thailand Section International Conference on Computer and Information Technology 2008, Rama Garden Hotel, Bangkok, Thailand. November 4-5, 2008.


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Thailand Country Report on IT

  • Introduction

  • eThailand and eGovernment

  • eCommerce

  • eIndustry

  • eEducation

2


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Thailand Country Report on IT

  • eSociety

  • eParliament and eCourt

  • IT Infrastructure

  • Concluding Remarks

3


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

  • Introduction.

  • Computerization in Thailand may be said to have started in the year 1961 when HM the King visited IBM plant in San Jose, California, USA.

  • HM the King provided inspiration for Thailand to use computers for social and economic development.

4


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • In order to prepare human resource for the computerization project, it was decided to give a scholarship to study for Ph.D. in the field of IT to the one who got the highest grade in the Master’s program at the SEATOSchool(South East Asia Treaty Organization)which later became AIT(Asian Institute of Technology), and the recipient was Srisakdi Charmonman, in the year 1961.

5


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • He earned his Ph.D. in Engineering Computations at Georgia Institute of Technology in the United Statesin June 1964,becoming the first Thai to earn a Ph.D. in the IT field.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • Also in 1964,the first two computers were installed in Thailand while Singapore had the first computer installed that year and Malaysia had none.

  • Thus, it may be said that Thailand was ahead of both Singapore and Malaysia in the IT field in the year 1964.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • On August 8, 1967, ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations)was established in Bangkok with five member countries and later increased to ten countries in April 1999.

8


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • In September 1999, eASEAN was initiated with eASEAN Task Force as a high-level public-private sector advisory body.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • Prof.Dr. Srisakdi Charmonmanwas appointed the private-sector member from Thailand in his capacity as the Project Manager of the eCommerce Pilot Project of the Ministry of Commerce and the Founding Chairman of Internet KSC, the first and largest ISP (Internet Service Provider) in Thailand at that time.

10


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • ASEAN was the first to create a regional ICT development initiative, i.e. in the year 1999 while eEurope was established in the year 2000.

11


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • In June 2003, ASEAN initiated another IT-related project called “eABC (eASEAN Business Council)”which was formally established in the year 2004.

12


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • Prof.Dr. Srisakdi Charmonmanwas appointed by the Minister of Information and Communication Technologyto be the Head of the Thai delegation and was voted Chairman of eABC.

  • With the lead of eASEAN, Thailand established eThailand.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Introduction (Cont.)

  • Presented in this paper are:

    - eThailand- eGovernment- eCommerce- eIndustry- eEducation- eParliament- eCourt- IT Infrastructure

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

2. eThailand and eGovernment.

  • With the encouragement of ASEAN for all member countries to promote the utilization of ICT in the region, Thailand established eThailand in the year 1996 in the First National IT Policy of Thailand, called “IT 2000”.

  • IT 2000 was approved by the Cabinet, including a master plan to improve and develop IT infrastructure and computerization.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • IT 2000 consists of three pillars and three pilot projects.

  • The three pillars are - National Information Infrastructure- Human Resource- Good Governance

16


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The three pilot projects are - SchoolNet to provide Internet access to schools- GINet to develop Government Information Network- IT laws to draft Cyber Laws to be submitted to Parliament to provide legal framework to support IT applications in Thailand

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • In the year 2002, IT 2010 was approved by the Cabinet as the second phase of eThailand with three components- building knowledge-based human capital- promoting innovation in economic and social systems- strengthening information infrastructure and industry.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • There are three goals for IT 2010.

  • The first goal is that by the year 2010, Thailand will be developed towards a Knowledge-Based Society and become one of the top countries in the second group of the four groups classified by the UN.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The four groups classified by the UN:- The first group is the “Leaders”- The second group the “Potential Leaders”- The third group the “Dynamic Adopters”- The fourth group the “Marginized Countries”.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The second goal of IT 2010 is to develop Thailand such that by the year 2010, 30% of the total workforce in Thailand will be knowledge workers.

  • Thethird goal of IT 2010 is to bring knowledge-based industries to50% of GDP.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • In developing IT 2010, there are five flagships.

  • They are:- eGovernment - eCommerce - eIndustry- eEducation- eSociety

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The eGovernment flagship is mainly to enhance public services thru the Internet such as by providing eRevenue and eRegistration.

  • The eCommerce flagship is to promote selling of Thai products and services thru the Internet.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The eIndustry flagship is to promote the use of computers and Internet in Thai industries.

  • The eEducation flagship is to use IT in education and provide education thru the Internet.

  • The eSociety flagship is on bridging the digital divide, quality of life, culture, health, and public participation.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • In addition to eGovenment, eCommerce, eIndustry, eEducation, and eSociety, IT 2010 also includes- National IT Infrastructure- IT Liberalization

25


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • National IT Infrastructure is focused on improvement of IT infrastructure in Thailand for new economy or digital economy, i.e. - public telecommunication network, - IT applications,- IT-related human resource,- IT laws, and related matters.

26


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • IT Liberalization is concerned with liberalization of - telecommunication services - free trade agreement (FTA) - related matters.

27


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • In comparison with other countries, there is a list of IT Industry Competitiveness Index from “www.eiuresources.com”which stated that Thailand ranked 42th in the year 2008, and 41st in the year 2007.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eThailand and eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Table 1 shows the top 10 countries in the year 2008 together with their ranks in the year 2007.

  • Table 2 shows the ranking for countries in Asia, with Thailand ranking higher than Philippines, India, Russia, China, Indonesia, and Vietnam.

29


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Country

2008 Rank

2007 Rank

1. USA

1

1

2. Taiwan

2

6

3. UK

3

4

4. Sweden

4

7

5. Denmark

5

8

6. Canada

6

9

7. Australia

7

5

8. South Korea

8

3

9. Singapore

9

11

10. Netherlands

10

12

Table 1. Top 10 Countries with IT Industry Competitiveness Indices, 2008

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Country

2008 Rank

2007 Rank

1. Taiwan

2

6

2. Singapore

9

11

3. Japan

12

2

4. Hong Kong

21

21

5. Malaysia

36

36

6. Thailand

42

41

7. Philippines

47

47

8. India

48

46

9. Russia

49

48

10. China

50

49

11. Indonesia

58

57

12. Vietnam

61

61

Table 2. IT Industry Competitiveness Index in Asia 2008

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • There are three main objectives of eGovernment for Thailand.

  • The first objective is to provide government services for the public thru the Internet which may be said to be the “front office” part of eGovernment.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The second objective is to provide the “back office” part of eGovernment which is to develop all the systems to support the front office part.

  • The third objective is to develop good governance for all government services.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The major goal of eGovernment is to have 100% of services or the front office part operational by the year 2010.

  • Five strategies for eGovernment were declared.

34


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The first strategy of eGovernmentis to establish plans and budgets- the IT Master plan for the public sector- the operational plan for each department of the Ministry

35


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The second strategy for eGovernment is mainly to establish organizational reform or Cabinet resolutions for the establishment of a central organization to map out a plan for development and promotion of IT application in the public sector.

36


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The third strategy for eGovernment is mainly to develop the public sector workforces with appropriate IT knowledge and skills at all levels- top executives- intermediate executives- operational officers- IT officers

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The fourth strategy for eGovernment is to improve public administration by establishing standards for back-office software applications and assigning responsibilitiesfor the development of five back-office applications.

38


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Five back-office applications are- record keeping- inventory control- human record management- finance and accounting- budgeting works

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The fifth strategy for eGovernment is to improve public services in three aspects.

  • The first aspect is to use IT to provide the public with efficiency, convenience, speed, coverage, and quality.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The second aspect is for all agencies to be able to share information.

  • The third aspect is to promote cooperation among the public sectors, government agencies, and private agencies that extend service to the general public.

41


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • From the “United Nation eGovernment Survey 2008: From eGovernment to Connected Governance” the ranking for South Eastern Asia is shown in Table 3.

42


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Country

2008

2005

1. Singapore

23

7

2. Malaysia

34

43

3. Thailand

64

46

4. Philippines

66

41

5. Brunei Darussalam

87

73

6. Viet Nam

91

105

7. Indonesia

106

96

8. Cambodia

139

128

9. Myanmar

144

129

10. Timor-Leste

155

144

11. Lao

156

147

Table 3. eGovernment Readiness

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Thailand has implemented several eGovernment projects.

  • The eRevenue project will be given as an example.

44


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • eRevenue in Thailand is one of the most successful eRevenue projects in the world as can be seen from the fact that by March 31, 200874% of all taxpayers use the Internet for filing their income taxes.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The eRevenue services include the followings: -Tax Identification Number (TIN), and Personal Identification Number (PIN)-Information for VAT Refund for Tourist -VAT Registrant Information

46


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

-VAT Exempted Jewelry Business Information

  • Personal Income Tax Calculation

  • Tax Collection Summary Information

  • Joint Venture and Foreign Company Information

  • Corporate Income Tax Information

47


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • There are about 13.4 millions Internet users in Thailand in the year 2008.

  • That number is about 20.5% of the population and should increases gradually.

  • When the number of Internet users increases, the number of those filing income tax thru the Internet will increase accordingly.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • In addition to eRevenue, many departments of government and private organizations implemented eGovernment such as: -Department of Business Development-Department of Employment- Department of Provincial Administration

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • The Social Security Office

  • TOT Corporation Limited

  • CAT Telecom Public Company Limited

  • Bangkok Metropolitan Administration

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

3. eCommerce

  • The goal of the eCommerce part of eThailand is to use eCommerce technology to enhance the competitiveness of Thai entrepreneurs in export, trade and services, and domestic consumption.

  • Eight development strategies were announced.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The first eCommerce strategy is to implement a proactive policy by- announcing eCommerce as a national strategy-promoting the formation of an eCommerce policy in each sector-creating a mechanism for the formation of international negotiations.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The second eCommerce strategy is to increase awareness to boost eCommerce activities by - promoting the dissemination of eCommerce knowledge and information-developing electronic public services delivery- developing eProcurement system

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The third eCommerce strategy isto- expedite the legislation of the Electronic Transaction Act and related laws-accelerate development of IT Infrastructure-accelerate the legislation of data protection law and revision of consumer protectionlaw to support eCommerce.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The fourth eCommerce strategy is to- develop payment and security systems by developing guidelines for ePayment and electronic fund transfer- establish a central agency for security and safety of eCommerce system- implement security and safety measures in the public sector database.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The fifth eCommerce strategy is to create a database and data management system by- establishing a database and data network in order to serve business, industry and consumers- establishing a Business Monitoring Center, whose duty is to monitor trade movements in key trading countries

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The sixth eCommerce strategy is to promote SMEs by - Cooperating with the private sector for the development of a portal site as a centralized source of information - Considering the export criteria and procedures for the development of a paperless trading system in accordance with international agreements

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

-Introducing measures on the incubation of new businesses and the promotion of venture capital.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The seventh eCommerce strategy is to - Develop human resources for eCommerce- Develop and have widely available eCommerce curriculum programs in higher education - Provide eCommerce training for community-based entrepreneurs through the existing network of local institutions.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

  • The eighth eCommerce strategy is to - Develop supportive infrastructure and its components- Promote widespread application of the internet and eliminate the telecommunications monopoly- Develop IT industries, particularly software industry and projects on a national-scale in order to drive eCommerce development

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Ecommerce (Cont.)

-Support research and development by focusing on the creation of standards, innovation and prototypes.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

4. eIndustry

  • The goal of eIndustry is to promote and develop IT applications and productionin the private sector, in stages, to develop knowledge-based industries by the year 2010.

  • Eight strategies have been announced.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eIndustry(Cont.)

  • The first eIndustry strategy is to crate a Thailand Exchange or a B2B Exchange as an eMarketplace for the exchange of industrial products.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eIndustry(Cont.)

  • The second eIndustry strategy is to use IT to support industrial development by establishing an advisory agency of industries and factories as well as by supporting the development of Smart Factories.

64


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eIndustry(Cont.)

  • The third eIndustry strategy is to establish a Marketing Intelligence Center to provide information on the supply and demand of goods and services.

65


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eIndustry(Cont.)

  • The fourth eIndustry strategy is to promote the development of the Thai IT industryin the areas of - Software - Telecommunication- Information - Electronics

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eIndustry(Cont.)

  • The fifth eIndustry strategyis to develop IT literate personnel within the industrial sector.

  • The sixth eIndustry strategy is to promote manufacturing industry based on research and development.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eIndustry(Cont.)

  • The seventh eIndustry strategy is to support IT applications in the development of SMEs.

  • The eighth eIndustry strategy is to support IT application for the development of the agricultural and agro-industrial sector.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

5. eEducation

  • The goal of the eEducation part of eThailand is to develop and prepare the country’s human resources at all levels in support of the development of a Knowledge-Based Society.

  • Five development strategies were announced.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

  • The first eEducation strategy is to develop mechanism for the management of IT policy and the administration of effective education by -Creating an administration system and the shared application of educational resources in order to reduce duplicate investment.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

The first eEducation strategy (Cont.)

  • Using educational resources efficiently and for the maximum benefit of students.

  • Enhancing the capabilities of organizations and agencies involved in the development of education technology.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

The first eEducation strategy(Cont.)

-Combining forces with, and build a system for, the management of the IT network for education, operating under a single policy, but offering diversity inimplementation practice.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

  • The second eEducation strategy is to develop an equitable information infrastructure for education by -Expediting the development and provision of equitable telecommunication infrastructure service.

73


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

  • Developing an effective IT network for education at a reasonable price.

  • Supporting and encouraging the participation of an industrial sector in the investment in educational technology and provision of education technology services.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

  • The third eEducation strategy is to support and promote human resource development at all levels by

    - Developing and training personnel and education-related human resources at all levels,so as to increase their IT knowledge and skills.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

-Accelerating the production of graduates and develop advanced IT labor in order to support the rising demand.

-Expediting the production and training of IT technicians, who serve schools and institutions, and to develop programs for training and life-long learning for knowledge workers.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

  • The fourth eEducation strategy is to develop and supply high quality and appropriate knowledge and content by-Combining the forces of all partiesfor the production and supply of educational content.

    -Developing and improving educational curriculums that support students in the use of IT in order to increase their knowledge.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

  • Supporting and enhancing the capabilities of educational institutions in preparing curriculums with local content.

  • Promoting and supporting research and development which focuses on the development of knowledge, learning processes, and achievements through knowledge.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

  • The fifth eEducation strategy is to bridge the gap to the access to information and knowledge by-Building a system for effective administration of information and knowledge.

    -Accelerating the development of educational media suitable for students.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eEducation (Cont.)

-Placing greater importance on the development of information content and human resources than on the investment in technology.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

6. eSociety

  • The goal of the eSociety part of eThailand is to bridge the digital divide in society in the information age, while promoting a better quality of life and a Knowledge-Based Society.

  • Seven Development strategies were announced.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • The first eSociety strategy is to develop an equitable information infrastructure by -Expediting telecommunications reform, allowing for free and fair competition.- Allocating radio frequencies in view of public interest.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

- Proceeding as per Section 78 of the Constitution, with respect to an equitable information infrastructure.

- Supporting the participation of the private sector in the investment in information infrastructure.

83


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • The second eSociety strategy is to develop human resources to nurture IT knowledge and skills by

    - Developing and training the general public with regard to IT knowledge and skills.

84


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • Creating social awareness and the recognition of opportunities and threats to the society in the information age.

  • Supporting the creation of educational programs and life-long learning services.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • The third eSociety strategy is to increase the capacity of educational institutions in the promotion of learning in the community and society by-Encouraging agencies to produce and disseminate data, informationand knowledge to the public.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

-Creating capacity for public organizations, educational institutions, and non-government organizations in the promotion of learning in the community and society.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • Thefourth eSociety strategy is to create of digital opportunities and bridging the digital divide by-Supporting the appropriate applications of IT as a tool for the distribution of content to the general public. -Establishing information and learning centers that citizens are able access and benefit from.-Promoting R&D to bridge the digital divide.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • Thefifth eSociety strategy is to develop IT systems in support of the creation of learning communities by -Supporting the creation, transfer and utilizationof knowledge in the community.

    -Building a community network in which experience and knowledge are exchanged to strengthen the community.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

-Developing an information system that supports a Thai knowledge-based network for the systematic development of local knowledge and wisdom.

90


Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • The sixth eSociety strategy is to improve in the quality of life by -Utilizing IT in order to disseminate the concept of a sufficiency economy

    - Supporting eCommunity Commerce in order to strengthen local economies and support the “One Tambon One Product” policy

    - Developing database systems for decision making and planning on quality agriculture

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

- Developing IT systems in order to ensure quality, equal and thorough coverage, providing information on basic public health and ensuring the health and well-being of the people.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • The seventh eSociety strategy is to create of a caring society by - Promoting the application of IT among rural communities, the disabled and the underprivileged- Promoting the creation of networks among a variety of social groups for the exchange of perceptions and the creation of mutual understanding

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eSociety (Cont.)

  • Combining forces to fight the inappropriate use of IT, such as the illegal and immoral use of media and technology

  • Strengthening family institution in order to develop quality youth.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

7. eParliament and eCourt

  • All versions of the Constitution of Thailand explicitly state that the head of the country is his Majesty the King who exercises his power thru the three branches of power.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The three branches of power are:- The Executive Branch thru the Cabinet - The Legislative Branch thru Parliament- The Judicial Branch thru the Courts

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The eThailand project includes only computerization of the government. Therefore, it should be appliedalso to the parliament and the court and the terms used can be - eParliament- eCourt

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The eParliament project in Thailand may be said to have started in the year 1991 when the Computer Division of Parliament was founded.

  • Guidelines for IT policy of parliament were developed during the year 1992-1994.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • During the year 1995-1997, a computer system was installed to provide data processing for the two branches of Thai Parliament, namely:- The House of Representatives - The Senate.

  • The Parliament Computer Division was linked to government agencies and the private sector.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The eParliament project may be said to have gone thru three phases.

  • The first phase of Thai eParliament may be said to cover the year 2001 to 2003.

  • The first phase included three main areas.

    - The first area was mainly the use of the Internet.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

- The second area was on service and access with* IT equipment in the meeting rooms * Wireless Internet access (WIFI)* Network connection both in the parliament and to other government agencies thru the Ministry of Interior Information Superhighway * Notebook for each and all members of parliament (MPs).

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

- The third area was on public relation thru the parliament website with information for:* The MPs* The general public* Students

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The second phase of the Thai eParliament project may be said to cover the year 2004 to 2006. Its aims were to provide quality data and information of high standard: - To make capacity building for both IT and non-IT personnel in the Parliament

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • To serve as data center for MPs and the citizen

  • To be an efficient and robust organization with standardized management practice.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The third phase of the Thai eParliament project may be said to have started in the year 2006.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The main aims of the third phase were to partner with all parts of eThailand, namely eGovernment, eCommerce, eIndustry, eEducation, and eSociety, as well as to use IT for the MPs, to be better connected to the public, to enable the public to have more participation with the Parliament, and for the Parliament to better serve the MPs and the public.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • It may also be said that the Thai eParliament project also promote eDemocracy in Thailand.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

www.parliament.go.th/gennews/

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The web includes links to- Steps to request information - Requesting information thru the Internet- Rules and regulations - National Information Committee - Minutes of the Commissions to Consider the Draft Laws

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • Work done by Parliament

  • Report of Parliamentary Committeesto Study, to Find Fact, and to Investigate

  • News

  • Forms to submit idea and commentsto parliament

  • etc.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The Thai eCourt website was earlier at www.judiciary.go.thbut later changed to “www.coj.go.th”,where “coj” stands for “Court of Justice”.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

www.coj.go.th

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • From the Thai Court website, there is: - The eCourt Strategics Plan of the year 2006-2009 which states that the main objective are to implement eOffice for the court by the year 2009- To use IT in planning and decision making efficiently.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • Two strategies have been announced. - The first strategy is to maintain the strength and to achieve excellence in the administration of justice.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The first strategy of Thai eCourtincludes six sub-strategy- The first sub-strategy is to use IT in the operation and administration of the court.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The second sub-strategy is to make the court to be the source of information on court cases and court personnel accessible thru the Intranet and the Internet.

  • The third sub-strategy is to provide court-related information to the public and interested parties thru the Internet.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The fourth sub-strategy is to develop a network for the court connecting to court-related networks and Ministry of Interior network, in a multimedia form including:- Text- Still picture- Video- Voice- etc.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The fifth sub-strategy is to apply Information Technology to all works of the courts in order to provide- Convenience- Speed- Accuracy- Cost savings

  • An example of the fifth strategy is to develop an electronic systemfor court case trial.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The sixth sub-strategy is to developrelated online sub-systems such as:- Issuing of a court warrant- Issuing of a summon to appear in court- Requesting to postpone appearance in court- etc.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The second strategy of Thai eCourt includes eight sub-strategies:- The first sub-strategy is to develop a Court Management Information System- The second sub-strategy is to develop the guarantordatabase

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

-The third sub-strategy is to develop a system to provide services to the general public including:* Database* News* Forms* etc.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The fourth sub-strategy is to develop a system to disseminate rules, regulations, and laws as well as legal guidelines with impact on Thai economy.

    -The fifth sub-strategy is to develop a system for Knowledge Managementand develop all court-related organizations to be Knowledge Organizations.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

  • The sixth sub-strategy is to provide services by the year 2009 to at least four million persons per year to know how to behave in going to courts.

  • The seventh sub-strategy is to provide Information Services by the year 2009to at least one million persons per year.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eParliament and eCourt (Cont.)

-The eighth sub-strategy is to initiate, accelerate, and hasten the development of daily legal knowledge for the grass root thru court-related organizations.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

8. IT Infrastructure

  • Five organizations, namely, Software Park Thailand, NECTEC, SIPA, ATCI, and ATSI have conducted a survey from November 2007 to January 2008 from 1,800 samples by tele-survey, In-depth Interview, and focus-group meeting, and reported the following summary.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • The total ICT market for the year 2007 was 537,818 million baht which included:- 391,218 million baht for telecommunication (72.7%)- 68,719 million baht for computer hardware (12.8%)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • 57,178 million baht for computer software (10.6%)

  • 20,703 million baht for computer services (3.8%)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • It is expected that for the year 2008, the growth rate of the ICT market will be 13.1% amounting to 608,272 million baht which includes:- 441,685 million baht for telecommunication (12.9% growth)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • 73,392 million baht for computer hardware (6.8% growth)

  • 67,241 million baht for computer software (17.6% growth)

  • 26,272 million baht for computer services (26.9% growth)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • As of June 2008, Thailand total international Internet bandwidth is 30,726 Mbit/s while the domestic bandwidth is 216,960 Mbit/s.

  • There are six international Internet gateway operators:- International Internet Gateway (IIG-CAT) by CAT Telecom

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • International Internet Gateway (IIG-TOT) by TOT

  • True Internet Gateway (IIG-TIG) by True Internet Gateway Co., Ltd. (True Corp.)

  • ADC International Internet Gateway (IIG-ADC) by Advance Data Network Communications Co., Ltd. (Shin Corp.)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • TT&T Thailand Global Network (IIG-TTGN) by TT&T

  • CS Loxinfo International Internet Gateway (IIG-CSL) by CS Loxinfo (Shin Corp.)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

There are 7 domestic Internet exchange:

  • CAT Telecom National Internet Exchange by CAT (CAT-NIX)

  • TOT National Internet Exchange by TOT (TOT-NIX)

  • True Internet Gateway National Internet Exchange (TIG-NIX)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • Advance Datanetwork Communication National Internet Exchange (ADC-NIX)

  • CS Loxinfo National Internet Exchange (CSL-NIX)

  • TT&T Global Network National Internet Exchange (TTGN-NIX)

  • NECTEC IIR Public Internet Exchange (PIE, Research Only)

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • The first ISP (Internet Service Provider) in Thailand was Internet Thailand but it was formed by NECTEC, CAT, and TOT, all of which were government organizations and could not be registered with the Ministry of Commerce.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

IT Infrastructure (Cont.)

  • The first ISP officially registered with the Ministry of Commerce was KSC founded by Prof. Dr. Srisakdi Charmonman in the year 1994 with Assumption University as the incubetor.

  • The number of ISPs in Thailand in the year 2008 is 20.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • In August-September 2008, NECTEC conducted a survey online of Internet usage in Thailand with 14,809 samples.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Gender - Female 57.6%- Male 48.4 %

  • Computer Ownership- 90.8% have computer at home- 9.2% do not have computer at home

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • 70% have blogs with the objectives:- Search for information- Write articles- Self-expression

  • Activities- 63.7% data and knowledge sharing- 59.0% photo and video sharing- 36.7% online learning- 35.6% making new friends

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • More females engaged in online learningthan male.

  • Males made more new friend online than female.

  • Factors in choosing a social networking web- 45.3% Convenience- 20.3% Find friends and peer groups- 14.6% Find value-added services

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Sample viewpoint on social networking - 70% more positive impacts* Sources of knowledge* Freedom of expression* A way of making friends- 30% more negative impacts* Online fraud and crime* Pornography* Lack of social interaction

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Should social network be regulated or not- 67% should be regulated* Protect youths* Social peace- 33% should not be regulated* Not to limit freedom of expression* Impractical

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Place of use- Use at net cafe was shrinking- Use at office increasing- Use at school increasing

  • Internet connection- 43.5% ADSL- 25% Leased lines

  • Dial-up connection declining.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

eGovernment (Cont.)

  • Internet thru mobile phone increased - from 2.8% in 2007 - to 7.1% in 2008.

  • Online shoppers increased- from 29% in 2007 - to 46% in 2008.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

9. Concluding Remarks.

  • Computerization in Thailandstarted in the year 1961 when HM the King visited IBM plantin the US.

  • The first two computers were installed in Thailand in the year 1964.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • The eThailand project was started in the year 1996 with - eGovernment- eCommerce- eIndustry- eEducation- eSociety

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • There are three branches of power:- The Executive Branch thru the Cabinet - The Legislative Branch thru Parliament- The Judicial Branch thru the Courts

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • The eThailand project includes only computerization of the government. Therefore, it should be appliedalso to the parliament and the court and the terms used can be - eParliament- eCourt

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • The eParliament project in Thailand may be said to have started in the year 1991 when the Computer Division of Parliament was founded.

  • Guidelines for IT policy of parliament were developed during the year 1992-1994.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • The Thai eParliament project has the main aim to partner with all parts of eThailand, namely, eGovernment, eCommerce, eIndustry, eEducation, and eSociety.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • The eCourt strategic plan of the year 2006 - 2009 includes:- A sub-strategy to provide services by the year 2009 to at least four million persons per year to know how to behave in going to courts.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

-A sub-strategy to provide Information Services by the year 2009to at least one million persons per year.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

-A sub-strategy to initiate, accelerate, and hasten the development of daily legal knowledge for the grass root thru court-related organizations.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • The total ICT market in the year 2007 was over 500,000 million baht.

  • As of June 2008, - Thailand International Internet Bandwidth is 30,726 Mbit/s - Domestic Bandwidth is 216,960 Mbit/s

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

  • Thailand should establish goals such as: 1. Internet penetration- from about 20% in 2008 - to 30% in 2009- 40% in 2010- 50% in 2011

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

2. Hi-speed Internet penetration should be - 2 million in 2009- 3 million in 2010

3.IT industry competitiveness index- 41% in 2007- 42% in 2008- should be in the top ten in 2013

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Concluding Remarks (Cont.)

4.eLearning- University should be 50% by 2013- K12 like Michigan each and all hi-school graduates must take at least one eLearning course.

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Thailand country report 2008 on information technology

Thank You


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