Measuring creativity in students
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Measuring Creativity in Students. Steven E. Stemler, Ph.D. Wesleyan University 12.08.11. 4 Approaches to Measuring Creativity. Creative Person Creative Product Creative Process Creative Environment. 1. Creative Person. Key Issues Big-C v. Little-C Creativity

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Measuring Creativity in Students

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Measuring creativity in students

Measuring Creativity in Students

Steven E. Stemler, Ph.D.

Wesleyan University

12.08.11


4 approaches to measuring creativity

4 Approaches to Measuring Creativity

  • Creative Person

  • Creative Product

  • Creative Process

  • Creative Environment


1 creative person

1. Creative Person

  • Key Issues

    • Big-C v. Little-C Creativity

    • Self-enhancement/Social Desirability via Self-Report


1 creative person1

1. Creative Person

  • Assumptions of the Approach

    • Personality Trait

    • Relatively Fixed

  • Typical Measurement

    • Adjective Checklists

    • Self-reports, External evaluations

  • Known relations

    • Openness to new experience, Tolerance for Ambiguity

    • Curious, Active, Adventurous, Enthusiastic

    • Self-confident, resourceful, industrious


2 creative product

2. Creative Product

  • Key Issues

    • Domain-specific v. Domain-general

    • Judgment of products (Psychometric issues with Portfolios)


2 creative product1

2. Creative Product

  • Typical Measurement

    • Student Theses or Capstone Experiences

      • Domain-specific products

        • http://thewondrous.com/2009/08/10-photos-of-most-creative-dog-grooming-show/

    • Rainbow Measures

      • Oral and Written Stories

  • Known relations

    • Predicts FYGPA1

    • Reduced Ethnic Differences in Achievement

1 Sternberg, R.J., and the Rainbow Project Collaborators (2006). The Rainbow Project: Enhancing the SAT through assessments of analytical, practical, and creative skills. Intelligence, 34, 321-350.


3 creative process

3. Creative Process

  • Key Issues

    • Cognitive Subcomponents of Creativity

    • Little-C Creativity

    • Domain-general v. Domain-specific

    • Relationship to actual achievement/products

    • High-fidelity v. Low-fidelity assessment

  • Apollo 13 – Square Peg in a Round Hole

    • http://movieclips.com/ukKJv-apollo-13-movie-square-peg-in-a-round-hole/


3 creative process1

3. Creative Process

  • Assumptions of the Approach

    • Domain-general processes

  • Typical Measurement

    • Divergent Thinking Tasks

    • Functional Fixedness

    • Adaptability/Mental Flexibility

  • Known relations

    • Relate to FYGPA2

    • Relates to Life Satisfaction

2 Matthew & Stemler (2008). Exploring pattern recognition as a predictor of mental flexibility.

Final report submitted to the Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.


3 creative process2

3. Creative Process

  • Room Task

    • Adaptability

  • Story Task

    • Flexibility

  • Maze Task

    • Adaptability

  • Word Recognition Task

    • Flexibility/Fluency


Word recognition test

Word Recognition Test


4 creative environment

4. Creative Environment

  • Industrial/Organizational Approach

  • Conditions that Stimulate Creativity?

    • Supervisory encouragement

    • Freedom to choose and work on assignments

    • Sufficient resources

    • Optimal workload pressures

    • Some degree of constraint


Key issues in the measurement of creativity

Key Issues in the Measurement of Creativity

  • Big-C v. Little-C

  • Domain-specific v. Domain-general

  • Cognitive Subcomponents of Creativity

  • How to judge products/portfolio assessment

  • High-fidelity v. Low-fidelity assessment


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