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Measuring Creativity in Students. Steven E. Stemler, Ph.D. Wesleyan University 12.08.11. 4 Approaches to Measuring Creativity. Creative Person Creative Product Creative Process Creative Environment. 1. Creative Person. Key Issues Big-C v. Little-C Creativity

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measuring creativity in students

Measuring Creativity in Students

Steven E. Stemler, Ph.D.

Wesleyan University

12.08.11

4 approaches to measuring creativity
4 Approaches to Measuring Creativity
  • Creative Person
  • Creative Product
  • Creative Process
  • Creative Environment
1 creative person
1. Creative Person
  • Key Issues
    • Big-C v. Little-C Creativity
    • Self-enhancement/Social Desirability via Self-Report
1 creative person1
1. Creative Person
  • Assumptions of the Approach
    • Personality Trait
    • Relatively Fixed
  • Typical Measurement
    • Adjective Checklists
    • Self-reports, External evaluations
  • Known relations
    • Openness to new experience, Tolerance for Ambiguity
    • Curious, Active, Adventurous, Enthusiastic
    • Self-confident, resourceful, industrious
2 creative product
2. Creative Product
  • Key Issues
    • Domain-specific v. Domain-general
    • Judgment of products (Psychometric issues with Portfolios)
2 creative product1
2. Creative Product
  • Typical Measurement
    • Student Theses or Capstone Experiences
      • Domain-specific products
        • http://thewondrous.com/2009/08/10-photos-of-most-creative-dog-grooming-show/
    • Rainbow Measures
      • Oral and Written Stories
  • Known relations
    • Predicts FYGPA1
    • Reduced Ethnic Differences in Achievement

1 Sternberg, R.J., and the Rainbow Project Collaborators (2006). The Rainbow Project: Enhancing the SAT through assessments of analytical, practical, and creative skills. Intelligence, 34, 321-350.

3 creative process
3. Creative Process
  • Key Issues
    • Cognitive Subcomponents of Creativity
    • Little-C Creativity
    • Domain-general v. Domain-specific
    • Relationship to actual achievement/products
    • High-fidelity v. Low-fidelity assessment
  • Apollo 13 – Square Peg in a Round Hole
    • http://movieclips.com/ukKJv-apollo-13-movie-square-peg-in-a-round-hole/
3 creative process1
3. Creative Process
  • Assumptions of the Approach
    • Domain-general processes
  • Typical Measurement
    • Divergent Thinking Tasks
    • Functional Fixedness
    • Adaptability/Mental Flexibility
  • Known relations
    • Relate to FYGPA2
    • Relates to Life Satisfaction

2 Matthew & Stemler (2008). Exploring pattern recognition as a predictor of mental flexibility.

Final report submitted to the Army Research Institute for the Behavioral and Social Sciences.

3 creative process2
3. Creative Process
  • Room Task
    • Adaptability
  • Story Task
    • Flexibility
  • Maze Task
    • Adaptability
  • Word Recognition Task
    • Flexibility/Fluency
4 creative environment
4. Creative Environment
  • Industrial/Organizational Approach
  • Conditions that Stimulate Creativity?
    • Supervisory encouragement
    • Freedom to choose and work on assignments
    • Sufficient resources
    • Optimal workload pressures
    • Some degree of constraint
key issues in the measurement of creativity
Key Issues in the Measurement of Creativity
  • Big-C v. Little-C
  • Domain-specific v. Domain-general
  • Cognitive Subcomponents of Creativity
  • How to judge products/portfolio assessment
  • High-fidelity v. Low-fidelity assessment
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