Canine Search Specialist Training
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Canine Search Specialist Training . Unit 12: Canine First Aid. Unit Objective. Upon completion of this unit, you will be able to demonstrate the physical assessment and stabilization of an injured or ill canine. Enabling Objectives.

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Presentation Transcript

Canine Search Specialist Training

Unit 12:

Canine First Aid


Unit objective
Unit Objective

Upon completion of this unit, you will be able to demonstrate the physical assessment and stabilization of an injured or ill canine


Enabling objectives
Enabling Objectives

  • Perform the primary and secondary medical assessment of the canine

  • Evaluate that assessment even to decide on euthanasia

  • Implement stabilization or transportation of the canine


Preventative care
Preventative Care

  • Maintain normal feeding during missions

  • Know what your dog’s normal reaction is to stress

  • The dog must be kept in top physical condition


Preventative care continued
Preventative Care (continued)

  • Current vaccinations: DHP-PV, rabies, Bordetella, with optional Leptospirosis

  • Preventative heartworm care - daily, monthly

  • Routine fecal checks, and needed treatments


Knowing your canine
Knowing Your Canine

The disaster canine has all requirements intensified

  • More possibilities of risk

  • More stress responses

  • Different mechanisms of injury


Acclimatization
Acclimatization

  • Be aware of climatic conditions

  • Train in different climates

  • Minimum three-day supply of food and water

  • First aid kit and medications

  • Canine safety equipment






Stress responses
Stress Responses

And you said I was your best friend?!



Anatomy
Anatomy

  • Nose to tail

    • Head

    • Neck

    • Thorax

    • Front legs

    • Abdomen

    • Hind limbs

    • Tail


Canine assessment
Canine Assessment

  • Primary

    • ABCs

  • Secondary

    • Head to toe

    • Nose to tail


Primary assessments abcs
Primary Assessments (ABCs)

  • Airway

    • Check nostrils to back of throat

    • Pull tongue to help open back of throat, and therefore, the airway


Primary assessment
Primary Assessment

  • Breathing

    • Is canine breathing?

    • Check quantity and quality of respiration

    • Check motion of chest wall

    • Cyanosis?

    • Rescue breathing


Primary assessment1
Primary Assessment

  • Circulation

    • Check for bleeding


Primary assessment2
Primary Assessment

  • Consciousness

    • Determine level of consciousness

    • Is dog alert or responsive?

    • Apprehension

    • Aware of surroundings?

    • Pain stimuli responsiveness?


Secondary assessment
Secondary Assessment

  • History

    • What happened? How long ago?

    • How did dog behave before injury or after injury?

    • Mechanism of injury?

  • Know your dog

    • Previous history or problems?


Secondary assessment continued
Secondary Assessment (continued)

  • Complete physical examination

    • Head to tail

    • Re-evaluate “corrected” problems from primary assessment

    • Ongoing assessment


Outcomes
Outcomes

  • Minor injuries

    • Dog can be treated and returned to work

  • Less serious injuries or illness?

    • Can dog be stabilized with rest, fluids, fasting, and so on?

  • Serious injury or illness?

    • Stabilize and transport


Outcomes continued
Outcomes (continued)

  • Devastating fatal illness or injury?

    • Outcome depends on facilities and location

  • Euthanasia

    • Recognize this possibility

    • The decision is YOURS

    • Prepare yourself and support teammates




Bandaging
Bandaging

  • Bandaging principles

    • Apply even pressure

    • Bandaging paws

    • Keeping bandage in place

  • Bandaging

    • Ears

    • Tail

    • Abdomen



Treatment of wounds
Treatment of Wounds

Contaminated wounds

  • Flush with saline and water until clean

    • Flush with iodophor (Betadine®) solution

    • If wound is gaping use stapler, tape, or suture to pull edges together

    • Bandage

    • Follow-up treatment at vet’s


Roles in task force
Roles in Task Force

  • Handler’s Responsibilities

    • Know your dog

    • Know assessment and first aid

    • Know restraints and holds

    • Know when to treat

    • Know when to euthanize

    • Be there to help fellow handlers


Roles in task force continued
Roles in Task Force (continued)

  • Veterinarian’s and paramedic’s responsibilities

    • Administer anesthesia, IV fluids, and drugs

    • Treat with antibiotics, steroids

    • Perform surgery


Roles in task force continued1
Roles in Task Force (continued)

  • Veterinarian’s and paramedic’s responsibilities

    • Continue to monitor therapy and case progress

    • Advise on canine’s medical status


Unit summary
Unit Summary

  • Perform the primary and secondary medical assessment of the canine

  • Evaluate that assessment even to decide on euthanasia

  • Implement stabilization or transportation of the canine


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