Panel: “ Global Transformations: Opportunities for supranational articulation” A perspective on philanthropy and social field in Mexico Salvador, Bahia , Brazil. April 4, 2008. Lourdes Sanz Moguel Effectiveness and Services Director.
Panel: “Global Transformations: Opportunities for supranational articulation”
A perspective on philanthropy and social field in Mexico
Salvador, Bahia, Brazil. April 4, 2008.
Lourdes Sanz Moguel
Effectiveness and Services Director
600 million inhabitants300 millionliving in povertyBrazil, Mexico and Argentina among 20 major economies in the world; 4.3% constantannual growth until 2015 is needed to reduce poverty in the region by 50%.In spite of economical growth during the last five years, extreme poverty has not been reverted.
Latin America in numbers
Fuente: Cepal, 2006
Almost 2 million Km2
104 million inhabitants
15 million inrural areas
25 million do not have access to basic services
45 millionliving in poverty
17 million in extreme poverty;
180,000 communities with under 500 inhabitants each, concentrate extreme poverty.
Only 20% pay taxes properly
22,000 million USD were sent into the country in 2007 by Mexican residents in US.
Mexico in numbers
Non profit field in Mexico: in numbers
Deductible Gift Recipients 2006 in each State
Fuente: Diario Oficial de la Federación 2007
Main Grantmaking Foundations in Mexico
Historic overview of philanthropic field in Mexico
First Period: 1521-1860,
Colonial Period, Independence and Reform
Second Period: 1861-1960
Third Period: 1961-1985
Fourth Period: 1986- up to date
There is still not enough development of legal and fiscal frameworks that stimulate philanthropy or reflect comprehension of the field's relevance in the construction of public good.
Until recently, culture of philanthropy, social responsibility and voluntarism is being promoted.
Currently foundations´ grants are mainly applied to urgent needs rather than to development strategies.
Traditionally corporations tend to give through government institutions
Media promote charity more than grants or social investment.
Even though governments state they want civil society participation in the construction of public good, they fear opening the door to real growth and consolidation of a strong wide civil society field.
There is a surprising increase in the number of CSO and grantmaking foundations.
There is a strong debate on grantmaking effectiveness and transparency.
Who should be involved?
El Centro Mexicano para la Filantropía, A.C. CEMEFI
Membership Association created in 1988