Chapter three lesson 1 rails across the nation
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Chapter Three, Lesson 1 Rails Across the Nation PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Chapter Three, Lesson 1 Rails Across the Nation. Mr.Julian’s Class. Unit Essential Question:. How do new transportation methods affect where people live?. Lesson Essential Question:. What type of transportation made it possible to travel and move goods across the united States more quickly?.

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Chapter Three, Lesson 1 Rails Across the Nation

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Chapter three lesson 1 rails across the nation

Chapter Three,Lesson 1Rails Across the Nation

Mr.Julian’s Class


Unit essential question

Unit Essential Question:

  • How do new transportation methods affect where people live?


Lesson essential question

Lesson Essential Question:

  • What type of transportation made it possible to travel and move goods across the united States more quickly?


Vocabulary

Vocabulary

  • Pony Express

  • Telegraph

  • Transcontinental Railroad


Linking east and west

Linking East and West

  • In the 1850’s the only railroads were east of the Mississippi River.

  • To travel from the east to the west you had two choices:

  • 1. Take a train to St.Louis and then board a stagecoach for the rest of the journey.

  • 2. Board a ship and sail around the southern tip of south America up to the west coast


Linking east and west1

Linking East and West

  • In 1860 a new business called the Pony express began delivering mail from Missouri to California in just 10 days.


Linking east and west2

Linking East and West

  • The Pony Express was a 2,000 mile journey.

  • Riders would ride about 75 miles every day, trading horses every 10 - 15 miles.


Linking east and west3

Linking East and West

  • The Pony Express was soon put out of business by the telegraph.

  • The telegraph sent messages along wires using electricity.

  • Samuel Morse invented the telegraph and a way to send messages called Morse Code.

  • The first telegraph across the country was completed in October 1861.


The transcontinental railroad

The Transcontinental Railroad

  • The telegraph was great for news and messages but it could not carry people or goods to the west.

  • Many people believed that the best way to link the east to the west was to build a transcontinental railroad.

  • President Lincoln favored the railroad.


The transcontinental railroad1

The Transcontinental Railroad

  • In 1862 congress approved two companies to build the railroad, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific.

  • The Union Pacific began building track west from Omaha, Nebraska

  • The Central Pacific began building track east from Sacramento, California.


Across the plains

Across the Plains

  • The two companies were paid in both land and money.

  • The company that could lay more track and cover more land faster would get more money and more land.

  • The Central Pacific had the more difficult track as they had to cut through the Rocky Mountains


Across the plains1

Across the Plains

  • The Union Pacific had problems as well. They had a great labor shortage.

  • This problem ended when the Civil War ended as many veterans joined the railroad.

  • The most serious problem they faced were the Native Americans.


Over the mountains

Over the Mountains

  • The Central Pacific had its fair share of labor problems as well.

  • Most people living in California came there to find gold and they were not interested in earning the $35 a month pay check.

  • The Chinese came looking for gold as well.

  • The Chinese made up 80% of the total workforce.


The golden spike

The Golden Spike

  • On May 10, 1869, the tracks of the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific met at Promontory Point, Utah Territory.

  • A special golden railroad spike was used for the occasion.

  • The transcontinental railroad changed travel in the U.S. What use to take months now only took a week.


Summary

Summary

  • Why did the telegraph put the Pony Express out of business?

  • What were two problems that the Union Pacific faced?

  • What role did the Chinese play in building the Central Pacific railroad?


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