chapter three lesson 1 rails across the nation
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Chapter Three, Lesson 1 Rails Across the Nation

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Chapter Three, Lesson 1 Rails Across the Nation. Mr.Julian’s Class. Unit Essential Question:. How do new transportation methods affect where people live?. Lesson Essential Question:. What type of transportation made it possible to travel and move goods across the united States more quickly?.

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Presentation Transcript
unit essential question
Unit Essential Question:
  • How do new transportation methods affect where people live?
lesson essential question
Lesson Essential Question:
  • What type of transportation made it possible to travel and move goods across the united States more quickly?
vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Pony Express
  • Telegraph
  • Transcontinental Railroad
linking east and west
Linking East and West
  • In the 1850’s the only railroads were east of the Mississippi River.
  • To travel from the east to the west you had two choices:
  • 1. Take a train to St.Louis and then board a stagecoach for the rest of the journey.
  • 2. Board a ship and sail around the southern tip of south America up to the west coast
linking east and west1
Linking East and West
  • In 1860 a new business called the Pony express began delivering mail from Missouri to California in just 10 days.
linking east and west2
Linking East and West
  • The Pony Express was a 2,000 mile journey.
  • Riders would ride about 75 miles every day, trading horses every 10 - 15 miles.
linking east and west3
Linking East and West
  • The Pony Express was soon put out of business by the telegraph.
  • The telegraph sent messages along wires using electricity.
  • Samuel Morse invented the telegraph and a way to send messages called Morse Code.
  • The first telegraph across the country was completed in October 1861.
the transcontinental railroad
The Transcontinental Railroad
  • The telegraph was great for news and messages but it could not carry people or goods to the west.
  • Many people believed that the best way to link the east to the west was to build a transcontinental railroad.
  • President Lincoln favored the railroad.
the transcontinental railroad1
The Transcontinental Railroad
  • In 1862 congress approved two companies to build the railroad, the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific.
  • The Union Pacific began building track west from Omaha, Nebraska
  • The Central Pacific began building track east from Sacramento, California.
across the plains
Across the Plains
  • The two companies were paid in both land and money.
  • The company that could lay more track and cover more land faster would get more money and more land.
  • The Central Pacific had the more difficult track as they had to cut through the Rocky Mountains
across the plains1
Across the Plains
  • The Union Pacific had problems as well. They had a great labor shortage.
  • This problem ended when the Civil War ended as many veterans joined the railroad.
  • The most serious problem they faced were the Native Americans.
over the mountains
Over the Mountains
  • The Central Pacific had its fair share of labor problems as well.
  • Most people living in California came there to find gold and they were not interested in earning the $35 a month pay check.
  • The Chinese came looking for gold as well.
  • The Chinese made up 80% of the total workforce.
the golden spike
The Golden Spike
  • On May 10, 1869, the tracks of the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific met at Promontory Point, Utah Territory.
  • A special golden railroad spike was used for the occasion.
  • The transcontinental railroad changed travel in the U.S. What use to take months now only took a week.
summary
Summary
  • Why did the telegraph put the Pony Express out of business?
  • What were two problems that the Union Pacific faced?
  • What role did the Chinese play in building the Central Pacific railroad?
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