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Tale of the Tape: The Challengers. Pit Stop. What were the Crittenden Amendments This state seceded first Who was the president of the South? Government name? What did the Compromise of 1850 deal with?. Who was John C. Breckenridge? Why is he important? What is the Freeport Doctrine?

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Tale of the Tape: The Challengers

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Tale of the tape the challengers

Tale of the Tape:The Challengers


Pit stop

Pit Stop

  • What were the Crittenden Amendments

  • This state seceded first

  • Who was the president of the South?

    • Government name?

  • What did the Compromise of 1850 deal with?

  • Who was John C. Breckenridge? Why is he important?

  • What is the Freeport Doctrine?

  • What is the Wilmot Proviso?


Primary source daily

Primary Source Daily


South carolina secedes war of northern aggression

South Carolina Secedes?War of Northern Aggression?

  • Only 2 Federal forts remain in the South

    • South seizes other government buildings

  • ________________________

    • Lincoln is trapped

  • South Carolina sees it as aggression and fires/captures Ft. Sumter

    • April 1861

  • Throws out the talk of peaceful solutions


More secession

More Secession

  • After Ft. Sumter more secession

  • Border states

  • Border states have ________________________

    • Manufacturing aspects as well


Border states

Border States

  • Lincoln’s Goal is to ______________________

    • Declares _______________________

    • Sends troops to MO and western VA

  • North’s Purpose for War

  • 5 Civilized Tribes

    • Sided with the _______________

      • Confederate government promises to make federal payments to them

    • Sends troops to Confederate army


Divided we fall

Divided We Fall…

  • Many volunteers in the North to the South

    • Why?

  • Many volunteers in the South to the North

    • 300,000

  • Many families were split apart

    • Lincoln had 4 brothers-in-law fight for the Confederacy


Foreign aid

Foreign Aid

  • Trent Affair, 1861

  • Alabama

  • Britain eventually stops because they realize they are setting a dangerous precedent


Foreign aid1

Foreign Aid

  • South needed help to win

    • Most of Europe ruling classes are ______________

      • Hate ____________

    • Working class were for the North

      • Couldn’ t vote but ruling class didn’t want to anger them

  • High unemployment in Britain at the start of the war

    • Lincoln

  • Unemployment relief


Foreign flare ups

Foreign Flare Ups

  • France

    • Napoleon III _____________________

      • Why is that an issue?

    • US remains careful until the end of the war

      • Napoleon takes back support and Max is taken out

  • Canada

    • Canadians plan to burn/steal from Northern cities

    • Irish get together groups and go invade Canada

    • Dominion of Canada is created by Britain


Askin all them questions

Askin’ All Them Questions

  • Who are the 2 presidents?

  • What is Lincoln’s dilemma with Ft. Sumter?

  • Who are the Border states?

  • What is transcendentalism?

  • What is the Missouri Compromise?


Making statements assuming

Making Statements, Assuming

  • What do you think the advantages of the South will be going into the Civil War?

  • What does this remind you of?


The tale of the tape

The Tale of the Tape

  • The South:


Tale of the tape

Tale of the Tape

  • Confederate Government

    • Can’t ___________________

    • Some states only want troops to fight within their borders

  • Jefferson Davis

    • Wanted a ___________ central government

      • Opposed

    • Was a good speaker, but butted heads with his cabinet/Congress

    • Didn’t listen to public opinion

    • Nervous breakdowns

    • Hard to handle military and diplomatic handlings


South finances during the war

South Finances During the War

  • Crushed

  • Blockade and destruction

    • 30% of nation’s wealth, 1861

    • 12% of nation’s wealth, 1870

  • Other Issues

    • Ripped up lines to repair others

    • Window weights used for bullets

    • Gourds were made into dishes


South s military strategy

South’s Military Strategy


Raising troops

Raising Troops

  • Southern Army

    • Volunteer at first

    • Had to go to conscription sooner than the North

      • Why?

    • Hiring of substitutes was allowed

    • Slaveowners with 20 or more slaves could be exempted


Raising money south

Raising Money: South

  • Customs duties

    • Were cut off by Northern blockade

  • Bonds

    • Netted $400,000,000

  • Taxes

  • Paper money


Tale of the tape1

Tale of the Tape

  • Northern strengths strongly outweigh Southern strengths in the long run

  • What Ifs

    • Border states seceded

    • Uncertain states like IL, IN, OH seceded

    • Early defeats lead to an armistice?

    • Britain/France help the South


Askin all them questions1

Askin’ All Them Questions

  • What is conscription

  • Explain the quote “Rich man’s war…poor man’s fight”

  • What were some advantages for the South? Disadvantages?

  • Fort Sumter

  • What is habeas corpus?

    • Who got rid of it? Why?


Tale of the tape defending civil war champs

Tale of the Tape:Defending Civil War Champs


Previously

Previously

  • What is conscription

  • Where did large draft riots take place?Who? Why?

  • Explain the quote “Rich man’s war…poor man’s fight”

  • What were some advantages for either side?

  • What is habeas corpus?

    • Who got rid of it? Why?

  • Who are the 2 presidents?

  • What is Lincoln’s dilemma with Ft. Sumter?

  • Who are the Border states?


Tale of the tape2

Tale of the Tape

  • The North


Tale of the tape3

Tale of the Tape

  • Government

  • Abraham Lincoln


Tale of the tape4

Tale of the Tape

  • Lincoln and the Constitution

  • Questionable actions


Raising troops1

Raising Troops

  • North

    • Bounty Brokers

      • Enlisted multiple times to collect signing bonuses

    • Draft riots, NYC, 1863

      • Irish

      • Lasted for 4 days

      • 2,000 killed


Raising money north

Raising Money: North

  • Taxes

  • Customs duties

  • Paper Money

    • $450,000,000 issued

  • Bonds

    • 2,500,000

  • National Banking System


Tale of the tape the challengers

PSD


Boom time in the north

Boom Time in the North

  • New Factories

    • What would’ve helped them?

  • Development of _______________

  • Labor Saving Machines

  • Petroleum

    • Found in PA, 1859

  • Pioneers move west

    • Free land in Homestead Act, 1862


Women during the war

Women During the War

  • New opportunities for women

    • Clerks

    • Manufacturers

  • 400 posed as male soldiers

    • Spies

  • Nurses

  • Organized fundraisers


Askin all them questions2

Askin’ All Them Questions

  • Who was Clara Barton?

  • What were some economic benefits for the North?

  • Why was Lincoln troubled about Ft. Sumter?

  • What was the Lecompton Constitution?


Union military strategy

Union Military Strategy

  • Anaconda Strategy

    • Slowly suffocate the South with a blockade

  • Liberate slaves in the South

  • Seize the Mississippi River

    • Cut the South in half

  • Send troops through Carolina and Georgia

  • Decapitate it by taking Richmond

  • Engage everywhere possible

    • Grant’s idea


  • Naming of the civil war

    Naming of the Civil War

    • The different sides had different names for some of the battles

      • North

      • South

    • Also reflected in ______________


    Battle of first bull run manassas junction

    Battle of First Bull Run / Manassas Junction

    • July 1861

    • Lincoln wants to try his unready troops

      • Demonstrate Union power

      • Could lead to fall of Richmond

        • Only 100 miles away

    • Congressmen and spectators showed up

      • Brought lunch pails and carriages


    Battle of first bull run manassas junction1

    Battle of First Bull Run / Manassas Junction

    • Union does well at the beginning of the battle

    • __________________ holds the line for the South

      • Like a stone wall

    • Results

      • 5,000 total casualties

      • _____________________________

      • Made South more confident

      • Some Southern soldiers deserted thinking that the war was over

      • Southern enlistments dropped


    Askin all them questions3

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • Why are there different names for certain battles? One example.

    • What was the North’s strategy to win the war?

    • What happened with the Trent?

    • What was the Alabama? What are the possible consequences of it?

    • Abraham Lincoln suspended this right in order to preserve the Union.

    • What were Southern advantages during the Civil War?

    • What were the Border states?

    • What happened at Ft. Sumter? Why was Lincoln faced with a dilemma?

    • Who is Maximillian? Why is he put in?

    • What is conscription?


    1861 1863 the south rises

    1861-1863: The South Rises!


    George mccllelan the peninsula

    George McCllelan & the Peninsula

    • West Point grad

      • Fought in M-A war

    • Command of Army of Potomac

      • Hated to sacrifice troops

      • A “players coach”

      • Overcautious

        • Always thought he was outnumbered

    • Constantly drills his army without doing anything

      • Lincoln tells him to move forward


    George mccllelan the peninsula1

    George McCllelan & the Peninsula

    • McCllelan decides to take a water approach, Spring 1861

      • After a month of fighting the Union captures Yorktown

        • Wasn’t defended well…shouldn’t have taken that long

      • Lincoln diverts troops to chase after Stonewall Jackson

    • Lee counter-attacks

      • __________________, June 1862

        • Union ends up retreating


    Results of peninsula campaign

    Results of Peninsula Campaign

    • South…winning (duh)

      • Lee loses 20,000

      • McCllelan looses 10,000

    • McCllelan removed from command

      • Temporarily

    • Lincoln

    • If Richmond had fallen

      • Union restored with slavery?


    Battles on the sea

    Battles on the Sea

    • What is Northern strategy?

      • Concentrated only on largest ports

    • Blockade running

      • Britain says its up to you

      • Profitable

      • Rendezvous in the British Bahamas

        • British later use this strategy in WW1

    • ___________________________

      • _________________________

      • Monitor was the Union response

      • Two ships fought to a standstill

        • South eventually destroys theirs to keep it away from the North

        • END of wooden ships


    The south is rising

    The South is Rising

    • Second Battle of Bull Run, August 1862

      • Lee attacked Union general Pope

      • CSA wins convincingly

    • Effects of South winning early

      • Infighting in the North

        • Example?

      • Lincoln is pressured to act on slavery

        • Why?


    The south is rising1

    The South is Rising

    • Lee decides to _______________

      • Bring MD into the South

      • Encourage foreign intervention

    • General Lee heads towards Antietam Creek in Maryland…(cue duh duhduhduh music)


    Askin all them questions4

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Merrimack?

      • Effect?

    • What was the Peninsula Campaign?

    • Describe George McCllelan?

    • What happened at the 1st Bull Run?


    Battle of antietam

    Battle of Antietam

    • September 1862

      • McCllelan is restored to command

    • Union troops find a copy of Lee’s battle plan

    • McCllelan is able to stop Lee’s advance

    • Lee retreats

      • McCllelan lets him go


    Effects of battle of antietam

    Effects of Battle of Antietam

    • Bloodiest day of the war

      • 4,000 dead

    • The South was on the verge of winning the war


    History channel

    History Channel

    http://www.history.com/topics/battle-of-antietam/videos#the-battle-of-antietam


    1863 turning points

    1863: Turning Points


    Askin all them questions5

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Merrimack?

      • Effect?

    • What was the Peninsula Campaign?

    • Describe George McClellan:

    • What happened at the 1st Bull Run?

    • What was Thomas Jackson’s nickname? Where did he get it?

    • This was the bloodiest single day of battle during the Civil War:

    • Why did Lee want to go to MD?

    • What was the Confederate capital city?

    • What is habeas corpus? Why was it suspended?

    • What was the Emancipation Proclamation?


    Primary source daily1

    Primary Source Daily


    Emancipation proclamation

    Emancipation Proclamation

    • Lincoln felt it was right

      • Border states were secured

      • Had a victory to hang his hat on

      • Issued on September 23, 1862

        • Official on Jan. 1, 1863

    • What Did it Do?

    • Strengthened morale

    • Did away with ____________________


    Emancipation proclamation1

    Emancipation Proclamation

    • Public reaction


    African americans in the civil war

    African Americans in the Civil War

    • At the beginning

      • Only the US navy allowed enrollment

        • Cooks

      • After the EP and enlistment #s were low they were accepted

    • 180,000

    • Why serve?

    • Slaves in Confederate Army


    Gettysburg trailer

    Gettysburg Trailer

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Usg_Lh0UyMc


    Gettysburg

    Gettysburg

    • Prologue

      • Burnside replaces McClellan

        • Attacked Lee at Fredericksburg, VA

          • Loses 10,000

      • Battle of Chancellorsville


    Gettysburg1

    Gettysburg

    • Lee wanted to follow up Chancellorsville with going into PA

      • Foreign intervention?

  • Meade replaces Hooker and takes his army to Gettysburg, PA

    • 92,000 (USA)

    • 76,000 (CSA)

  • Why does Lee stop in Gettysburg? What does this show?

  • Battle lasts for 3 days

    • Pickett’s charge is the final blow

  • TURNING POINT OF THE WAR


  • Gettysburg2

    Gettysburg

    • Gettysburg Address

      • Dedicate the cemetery to those that had fallen

        • 51,000 wounded, killed, captured, missing

      • Two minute speech that got little attention

        • Four score and seven years ago…


    Askin all them questions6

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What is the turning pint of the Civil War?

    • Why Gettysburg?

    • What happened at Chancellorsville?

    • What is the bloodiest single day of the war?


    History channel1

    History Channel


    Battle for the west

    Battle for the West

    • US Grant

      • Mediocre student

      • Alcoholic

    • Fort Donelson & Fort Henry

      • Grant’s first big wins

      • Keeps KY as a border state and he asks for unconditional surrender from TN


    Battle for the west1

    Battle for the West

    • Battle of Shiloh

      • April, 1862

      • Was an important junction of Confederate railroads

      • CSA is able to hold off Grant

        • Shows that the battles in the West are also not going to be easy

    • New Orleans

      • Spring 1862

      • North got control of MS River

        • Major supply line

      • Divide the South into two fronts


    Battle for the west2

    Battle for the West

    • Vicksburg

    • Effects of Gettysburg and Vicksburg


    1864 don t change horses

    1864: Don’t Change Horses


    Askin all them questions7

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Merrimack?

      • Effect?

    • What was the Peninsula Campaign?

    • Describe George McClellan:

    • What happened at the 1st Bull Run?

    • What was Thomas Jackson’s nickname? Where did he get it?

    • This was the bloodiest single day of battle during the Civil War:

    • Why did Lee want to go to MD?

    • What was the Confederate capital city?

    • What is habeas corpus? Why was it suspended?

    • What was the Emancipation Proclamation?


    Primary source daily2

    Primary Source Daily


    Sherman s march to the sea

    Sherman’s March to the Sea

    • Conquest of Georgia

    • Purpose

      • Destroy supplies

      • Weaken morale

      • Increase desertions

    • Effects

      • Shortened the war


    Sherman s march to the sea1

    Sherman’s March to the Sea

    • After Savannah Sherman marches North

    • South Carolina

      • Worse than in Georgia

        • Believed SC started it

      • Burned the capital of SC

    • North Carolina


    History channel2

    History Channel

    http://www.history.com/topics/william-t-sherman/videos#shermans-terrifying-tactics


    Askin all them questions8

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • This general was responsible for conquering the Western front

    • What battle did Grant win on the same day as Gettysburg

      • Effect?

    • This person captured Atlanta

      • His motives

    • Bloodiest single day of battle

    • 1st land battle


    Don t change horses

    Don’t Change Horses…

    • Political infighting

      • Republicans

        • Didn’t trust Lincoln on _____________

          • Evidence?

      • Democrats

        • No leader

          • Douglas dies 7 weeks before Ft. Sumter

        • War Democrats

          • Supported Lincoln

        • Copperheads

    • Charles Vallandigham

      • Convicted of treason

      • Banished to the CSA

        • Man Without a Country


    Don t change horses1

    Don’t Change Horses…

    • Lincoln (R) or (U)

      • Joined with the War Democrats

      • Strong opposition to nomination

        • Lacking force

        • Over ready to compromise

        • Not having won the war

      • Chose _____________ as running mate

        • War Democrat

          • Ignorant backwoods politiican

    • George McClellan (D)


    Don t change horses2

    Don’t Change Horses:

    • War sways election

      • When war was going badly, re-election was in doubt

      • Capture of ________________

      • Soldiers were allowed to cast ballots

    • Lincoln wins 212-21

      • 2.2 million votes

      • 1.8 million votes

    • With Lincoln re-elected South loses hope of _______________

      • ____________ increase sharply


    Champion of the west

    Champion of the West

    • Grant replaces Meade

      • Failure to pursue Lee

      • Lincoln wanted a general who had the nerve to ____________________

    • Grant’s plan

      • Attack enemy on all fronts so they can’t help each other

    • Wilderness Campaign

      • May to June 1864

      • Grant surges to ______________

      • 50,000 Union casualties


    The night they drove ole dixie down

    The Night They Drove Ole Dixie Down

    • February 1865

      • Southerners try to negotiate a settlement

        • Lincoln demands emancipation

    • Capture of Richmond

    • Lincoln visits Richmond

      • Escort of soldiers

      • Black slaves greet him in the streets


    Grant v lee court of public opinion

    Grant v. Lee: Court of Public Opinion

    • Grant

      • Rate of loss was 1:10 soldiers

    • Lee

    • Lee turns the war into a war of ______________

      • Lee didn’t have enough people to be offensive

      • Grant figured now he just has to outlast Lee


    History channel3

    History Channel

    http://www.history.com/videos/surrender-at-appomattox-courthouse#surrender-at-appomattox-courthouse


    Askin all them questions9

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • Where did Lee surrender?

    • Why did Lincoln pick Grant?

    • What did Sherman do?

    • Describe how African Americans participated during the war

    • What did the EP do?


    Sic semper tyranus

    Sic SemperTyranus


    Askin all them questions10

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • Where did Lee surrender?

    • Why did Lincoln pick Grant?

    • What did Sherman do?

    • Describe how African Americans participated during the war

    • What did the EP do?

    • Where did Lee surrender?

    • Why did Lincoln pick Grant?

    • What did Sherman do?

    • Describe how African Americans participated during the war

    • What did the EP do?


    Primary source daily3

    Primary Source Daily


    Aftermath of the war

    Aftermath of the War

    • Southern Attitudes After the War


    Now the ages have him

    Now the Ages Have Him

    • Impeach Lincoln?


    Now the ages have him1

    Now the Ages Have Him

    • April 15, 1865

    • Ford’s Theatre

      • Date night with his wife

      • My American Cousin

    • John Wilkes Booth


    Now the ages have him2

    Now the Ages Have Him

    • Martyrdom

      • Increased bitterness in the North

  • Many realize later that his _______________ towards the end of the war would have been beneficial to the South


  • The second civil war

    The Second Civil War

    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oIC8ifQlDVY


    Freedmans bureau

    Freedmans Bureau

    • Emancipation

      • Happens unevenly throughout the South

        • Union forces would emancipate only for them to forcefully be renslaved

        • Some wanted to remain loyal to their owners

      • All were eventually forced to emancipate

    • Reactions

      • Wanted to be called Mr. or Mrs.

      • Searched for long-lost relatives

      • Moved to look for opportunities

    • Churches

      • African American churches grew

      • Protection of emancipation

    • Education

      • Freedman built schools but couldn’t find qualified teachers

      • Got white women missionaries


    Freedman s bureau

    Freedman’s Bureau

    • Why?

      • Many blacks were unskilled labor

      • They didn’t know how to survive on their own

    • What

      • Provide

      • Organized the African American vote to the ____________________

      • Ex-slave states divided into districts


    Freedman s bureau1

    Freedman’s Bureau

    • Successes

      • 200,000 became literate

        • Wanted to read the Bible

        • Close the gap

    • Failures

      • Were supposed to be settled on tracts of 40 acres

        • “40 acres and a mule”

      • Local administrators collaborated with former plantation owners

    • End

      • Many feared end of white supremacy

      • Because it was used by the Republicans increased animosity


    Askin all them questions11

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the period of reforms after the Civil War called?

    • Created to give aid to former slaves

    • Describe the progression of emancipation

    • Why did the Freedman’s Bureau fail?


    President andrew johnson

    President Andrew Johnson

    • Characteristics

      • Poor family from NC

      • Orphaned

      • Never went to school

      • Indentured servant

      • Hot-tempered, stubborn

    • Vice President Johnson

      • Why?

      • Typhoid


    President andrew johnson1

    President Andrew Johnson

    • Political Beliefs

    • Enemies of Johnson

      • North

        • He was a Southerner who didn’t understand

      • South

        • He was a sellout

      • Democrat

        • Never accepted by the Republicans

      • People

        • He was never chosen by the people


    Paragraph writing practice

    Paragraph Writing Practice

    • Separate Grade

    • The South should have been dealt with harshly to punish them for the Civil War


    I won t be reconstructed

    I Won’t Be Reconstructed!


    Askin all them questions12

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What was the 10% plan?

    • Explain “Sic sempertyranus”

    • This person assassinated Lincoln

    • Explain Andrew Johnson’s views on civil rights and the political system:

    • What was the 13th amendment?

    • Why would the South get more votes in Congress after the 13th amendment?

    • Where did General Lee surrender?

    • What were the Black Codes?

    • What type of agriculture did most blacks engage in during the post-Civil War era?


    Primary source daily4

    Primary Source Daily


    Presidential reconstruction

    Presidential Reconstruction

    • 10% Plan

    • Congress turns it down

      • Feared ___________________

      • Reenslavement of African Americans


    Congressional response

    Congressional Response

    • Wade-Davis Bill, 1864

    • Republicans

      • South left

      • They should be readmitted as conquered territories

    • Lincoln _____________ the measure

      • Refused to sign it after Congress left so it expired


    Moderate v radical

    Moderate v. Radical

    • Moderate Republicans

      • Agreed with Lincoln that the South didn’t leave

      • Wanted the South readmitted under Congress’ terms

    • Radical Republicans


    Andrew johnsons plan

    Andrew Johnsons Plan

    • Andrew Johnson Plan

    • Any state complying would be admitted swiftly


    Congressional reconstruction

    Congressional Reconstruction

    • Confederates

      • Voters chose former Confederate leaders

        • Alexander Stephens

      • Republicans not in mood to compromise

        • Their former enemies

        • A Constitutional compromise is now void

          • How does that change things?


    Congressional reconstruction1

    Congressional Reconstruction

    • How would the South having more power change things

      • Re-enslavement?

      • Lower tariffs?

      • Reroute transcontinental railroad?

      • Repeal the Homestead Act?

      • Cancel the national debt?


    Johnson v congress

    Johnson v. Congress

    • 14th Amendment

      • Full citizenship

      • Any state that denies voting will have representatives taken away

      • Banned former Confederates from re-entering the govt.

      • Repudiated Confederate debts

    • Johnson urges Southern states to reject amendment


    Tale of the tape the challengers

    • December 1865

      • 13th amendment

        • Johnson = Union is good

    • February 1866

      • Vetoes Freedman’s Bureau

        • Why? (try to remember Disney quote)

    • March 1866

      • Civil rights bill is passed giving full citizenship to blacks


    Johnson v congress1

    Johnson v. Congress

    • April 1866

      • Johnson vetoes CR Bill

        • Congress overrides it

          • 2/ vote

    • June

      • Push for a Constitutional amendment

        • Why?


    Johnson v congress2

    Johnson v. Congress

    • Reconstruction by the sword

      • Divided the South into military districts

      • Disenfranchised thousands of former Confederates

      • Passed over Johnson’s veto

    • Steps to Readmission

      • Ratify 14th amendment

      • Guarantee in their state constitutions full suffrage for former male slaves

    • 15th amendment

      • Right to vote (NOT FOR WOMEN)

      • Just in case South was going to get tricky

    • Southern states readmitted in 1870


    Johnson v congress3

    Johnson v. Congress

    • Congressional elections 1866

      • Johnson accuses Republicans of riots

      • Republicans get a 2/3 majority in both houses

    • Radical Republicans

      • Senate: Charles Sumner

      • House: Thaddeus Stevens.

      • Wanted drastic change in the South

    • Moderates

      • Minority of Republicans

      • Wanted to protect states’ rights


    Askin all them questions13

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What did the Wade-Davis bill stipulate?

    • What was Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction? Why?

    • What were the Radical Republicans’ beliefs?


    Realities of radical reconstruction

    Realities of Radical Reconstruction

    • Most Northern states didn’t let blacks vote before the 15th amendment

    • Union League

      • Black political clubs

      • Organized for GOP

      • Expanded to help socially

    • Blacks in Office

      • Sat down with whites to hammer out Constitution

      • Began being elected to office

        • 2 Senators, 14 Representatives

      • Served in state governments


    Second civil war black codes

    Second Civil War: Black Codes

    • ________________________

    • Southern states immediately following Civil War

    • Intent


    Second civil war black codes1

    Second Civil War: Black Codes

    • Burden of African Americans

      • Had trouble being economically independent

        • No capital of their own

      • Many became __________

      • Oppressive laws


    Realities of reconstruction

    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Reactions

      • Southerners deeply offended

      • Scalawags

      • Carpetbaggers


    Realities of reconstruction1

    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Positives

    • Negatives


    Realities of reconstruction2

    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Ku Klux Klan

      • Founded in TN, 1866

        • Why?

      • White dress was supposed to be intimidating

      • Used force

      • Many African Americans start not voting

    • Force Bill 1870


    Realities of reconstruction3

    Realities of Reconstruction

    • Failure to ____________

    • Methods used to disenfranchise


    Pit stop1

    Pit Stop

    • What were the Civil Rights amendments?

    • What was the KKK?

    • How were blacks disenfranchised?

    • Who were scalawags/carpetbaggers?

    • Who was Thaddeus Stevens?

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What were the Black codes?

    • What was the 10% plan?

    • Why would the South get more Reps?


    I won t be reconstructed1

    I Won’t Be Reconstructed!


    Today in history

    Today in History…

    • Agreement in principle for Treaty of Paris, 1782

    • Mark Twain is born, 1835

    • Thriller is released, 1982

    • Ken Jennings loses at Jeopardy, 2004

      • 2.5 million


    Review

    Review

    • What was the Freedman’s Bureau?

    • What was the 10% plan?

    • Explain “Sic sempertyranus”

    • This person assassinated Lincoln

    • Explain Andrew Johnson’s views on civil rights and the political system:

    • What was the 13th amendment?

    • Why would the South get more votes in Congress after the 13th amendment?

    • Where did General Lee surrender?

    • What were the Black Codes?

    • What type of agriculture did most blacks engage in during the post-Civil War era?


    Primary source daily5

    Primary Source Daily


    Legacy of reconstruction

    Legacy of Reconstruction

    • Nobody knew what it would be like

    • Republicans

    • Reconstruction goes bad because


    Johnson v the world

    Johnson v. the World

    • Tenure of Office Act, 1867

    • Johnson fires Stanton

      • He was appointed by Lincoln

    • Radical Republicans draw up ______________________

      • High crimes and misdemeanors

      • Disgrace, ridicule, hatred

    • Johnson is impeached on Feb. 24, 1968


    Johnson v the world1

    Johnson v. the World

    • Johnson avoids ___________________

    • Why?

      • People didn’t like the President Pro Tempore of the Senate

      • Johnson promised to play nice

    • Results

      • Showed country was ___________

      • Avoided a dangerous precedent


    Seward s folly

    Seward’s Folly

    • Russia wants to sell ____________

      • Overextended

      • Thought they would lose it to Britain anyway

      • An economic liability

    • William Seward buys it for 7 million

      • Russia had been friendly during Civil War

      • A lot of resources could be there


    Pit stop2

    Pit Stop

    • Why was Johnson impeached?

    • What is the process for impeachment?

    • What were the Black Codes?

    • What was Lincoln’s plan for reinstatement?


    Election of 1868

    Election of 1868

    • Ulysses S. Grant (R)

      • Thought a general would make a good president

      • Most popular

      • Secretary of War

      • No political knowledge

      • Reconstruction of the South under federal/military guidance

    • Horatio Seymour (D)

      • Denounced military reconstruction

      • Debate over bonds

        • Eastern: gold

        • Midwestern: greenbacks

    • Grant wins 214-80


    Rise of the liberal republicans

    Rise of the Liberal Republicans

    • Disgusted with corruption in Grant

      • Cleaned themselves up before they were thrown out of office

    • Horace Greeley (LR)

      • Allied with Democrats

      • Wanted unity

    • Ulysses S. Grant (R)

    • Wins a mudslinging election 286-66


    The closest election everrrrr 1876

    The Closest Election EVERRRRR: 1876

    • Republicans

      • Rutherford B. Hayes

        • Governor of important swing-state

          • Keep this in mind

    • Democrats

      • Samuel Tilden

        • Got fame exposing Boss Tweed in NY

          • Who is that?

    • Greenback Party

      • Peter Cooper

        • What would they be in favor of?


    The closest election everrrr

    The Closest Election EVERRRR

    • Issues in the election

      • Civil Service Reform

      • An end of Reconstruction

    • Mudslinging

    • Democratic Strategy

      • Mississippi Plan

      • Carried out by Red Shirts and the White League


    The closest election everrr

    The Closest Election EVERRR

    • Nobody gets a majority of __________________

      • At this point 185

        • Today 270

    • Tilden 184

      • Wins popular vote by 250,000

        • 4% of the population

    • Hayes 166

    • 3 states send ____________________

      • Florida, South Carolina, LA

      • Due to voting irregularities


    The closest election everrr1

    The Closest Election EVERRR

    • Compromise of 1877

    • Electoral Count Act

    • Democratic Reaction

      • _________________________

    • Republicans concede

      • Assured funding for Southern RR (not kept)

    • Deal holds on log enough for Hayes to be inaugurated

      • 3 days


    Askin all them questions14

    Askin’ All Them Questions

    • What was Credit Mobiler?

    • What were some corruptions in Grant’s administration?

    • Why was he selected?

    • Why was Johnson impeached?

      • What did he do?

    • What was the Wade-Davis Bill?

      • What does that show?

    • What does “Sic sempertyranus” mean?

    • What was Lincoln’s plan for reconstruction?

    • How was the South administered during Reconstruction?

    • What were the Civil War amendments?


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