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Problems with Waste. Landfills - We’re running out of space Incinerators – Produce toxins Recycling – Still consumes energy Where should we put all of our garbage?. Can We Send Garbage Into Space?. Would interfere with satellites and other spacecrafts that orbit the Earth/Universe

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Problems with Waste

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Problems with Waste

  • Landfills - We’re running out of space

  • Incinerators – Produce toxins

  • Recycling – Still consumes energy

  • Where should we put all of our garbage?


Can We Send Garbage Into Space?

  • Would interfere with satellites and other spacecrafts that orbit the Earth/Universe

  • Takes significant energy to launch a rocket into space


Why can’t we just dump it in the ocean?


And here is why not…


Great Ocean Patch in the Pacific Ocean


What is the Patch?

  • a swirling, 3-million-pound mass of plastic and other trash…a “plastic soup”

  • The patch is characterized by exceptionally high concentrations of suspended plastic and other debris that have been trapped by ocean currents.

  • Covers an area twice the size of Texas,

    according to researchers with the Algalita Marine Research Foundation, which has been tracking the Patch for a decade.

    ……..And it's not going away.


  • It is estimated that 80% of the garbage comes from land-based sources, and 20% from ships at sea.


Garbage in the Ocean affects ecosystems


How does garbage affect marine life?

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uLrVCI4N67M

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8a4S23uXIcM&feature=related

  • http://www.colbertnation.com/the-colbert-report-videos/260772/january-06-2010/charles-moore


Organisms affected by Garbage

  • Plastic closely resembles zoo plankton, and are eaten by jellyfish

  • Turtles eat plastic bags, thinking they are jelly fish

  • Seals and other marine animals get tangled in the garbage

  • plastic enters the food chain


A Closer Look: Albatross

  • nest in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands

  • mistake trash for food, and feed it to their chicks

  • 40 % of albatross chicks die from trash filling their bellies

    (including cigarette lighters, toothbrushes, syringes, toys, clothespins and every other type of plastic)

  • Chicks eat about 5 tons of plastic a year


What is the Solution?

  • None!

  • Since this garbage is in “international waters” no specific country is held responsible

  • It is too expensive to haul the garbage out of the water

  • There is “no place” to put the garbage-which country should fill their landfills with “global garbage”?


What can YOU do?

  • Prevention: reduce, reuse, recycle!

    • Reduce the amount of plastic that you use so it does not end up in the ocean or landfill

    • Reuse-Example: buy a resuable water bottle instead of buying disposable plastic bottles

    • Recycle: bring the plastic you use to the recycle center

  • Awareness

    • Tell your friends, family and community about reducing, reusing and recycling!

  • You are the future! You can make a difference


  • What is E-waste?


    • E-waste in Ghana (6:20 min)

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pr1zQrXM_7s


    Solutions…

    • What if we found a way to use these materials as fuel in the future? Then it would be all gone!


    SOLUTIONS?

    • STOP before you buy!

      • Is it recyclable?

      • Is it biodegradable?

      • Can it be composted?

      • Do you REALLY need it?

    • Remember…

      • REDUCE – (most important step!)

      • REUSE

      • RECYCLE


    SOLUTIONS?

    • Don’t LITTER!

    • If you see garbage, PICK IT UP!


    Mobro Boat

    • Sailed from Islip, NY for 5 months to find a place to dispose of 3200 tons of garbage

    • Returned to NY and burned the garbage which produced 430 tons of ash


    Mobro

    • Traveled along east coast to Belize, Cuba and back to New York


    Will THIS be our future?


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