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Comenius Project: 2014. Immigration into the United States By: Molly Riebling AFNorth International School. Main Reasons for Immigration (18 th and 19 th Centuries). “Old Immigration” Religion Opportunity Political Conflicts “New Immigration” Poverty Opportunity

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Comenius Project: 2014

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Comenius Project: 2014

Immigration into the United States

By: Molly Riebling

AFNorth International School


Main Reasons for Immigration (18th and 19th Centuries)

  • “Old Immigration”

    • Religion

    • Opportunity

    • Political Conflicts

  • “New Immigration”

    • Poverty

    • Opportunity

    • Religious Oppression


“old immigration”


Religion

  • New England Colonies

    • Puritans vs. Separatists

    • Pilgrims

    • Religious Persecution

  • Middle Colonies

    • Establishment of colonies because of religion

    • Quakers – Pennsylvania; Catholics – Maryland

  • French Immigrants

    • Huguenots: French Protestants who experienced religious persecution in France

  • Spanish Immigrants

    • Missions (1769-1833)

      • Ex. Sacramento


Opportunity

  • Trade

    • French

      • Fur trade

    • Dutch

      • Traded with Indians

  • Gold

    • Spain

      • “Lost City of Gold”


Religious Conflicts

  • France

    • Huguenots and the French Wars of Religion

      • King Louis XIV stripping them of their rights unless they converted to Roman Catholicism

      • St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

        • Many Huguenot deaths


New immigration

Many of the “New Immigrants” came from areas in Eastern Asia in addition to Southern and Eastern Europe.


Poverty

  • Employment

    • Southern and Eastern Europe

    • “Gilded Age”

    • Tenements

    • Jacob Riis – “How the Other Half Lives”


Opportunity

  • Industrial Society that the United States offered

  • Gospel of Wealth

    • Horatio Alger

    • Andrew Carnegie


Religious Oppression

  • Many of the people in Southern and Eastern Europe were experiencing religious oppression from their governments, which is why they immigrated to the United States


Challenges the Immigrants Faced

  • “Old Immigration”

    • Unfamiliarity with the land

  • “New Immigration”

    • Literacy

    • Discrimination


“Old Immigration”


Unfamiliarity with the Land

  • Jamestown

    • “Starving time”

  • Roanoke

    • “Lost Colony”


“New Immigration”


Literacy

  • Jane Addams

    • Hull House

    • Places in which older immigrants could go to learn English

  • Ethnic Communities

    • Ex. Little Italy, Chinatown

    • Kept with their old cultures, which allowed them to put off learning English


Discrimination

  • Chinese

    • Chinese Exclusion Act

  • Political Machines

    • Boss Tweed’s Tammany Hall

    • Used votes of new immigrants to corrupt American political systems


Globalization's Affect on the United States

  • Job Hunters

    • People are moving around more

  • Threat of opportunity

    • Not as many jobs in the United States

    • Outsourcing/Relocating jobs

  • Increased connectivity

    • Evolution of Telecommunication


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