Comenius project 2014
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Comenius Project: 2014. Immigration into the United States By: Molly Riebling AFNorth International School. Main Reasons for Immigration (18 th and 19 th Centuries). “Old Immigration” Religion Opportunity Political Conflicts “New Immigration” Poverty Opportunity

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Comenius project 2014

Comenius Project: 2014

Immigration into the United States

By: Molly Riebling

AFNorth International School


Main reasons for immigration 18 th and 19 th centuries

Main Reasons for Immigration (18th and 19th Centuries)

  • “Old Immigration”

    • Religion

    • Opportunity

    • Political Conflicts

  • “New Immigration”

    • Poverty

    • Opportunity

    • Religious Oppression


Old immigration

“old immigration”


Religion

Religion

  • New England Colonies

    • Puritans vs. Separatists

    • Pilgrims

    • Religious Persecution

  • Middle Colonies

    • Establishment of colonies because of religion

    • Quakers – Pennsylvania; Catholics – Maryland

  • French Immigrants

    • Huguenots: French Protestants who experienced religious persecution in France

  • Spanish Immigrants

    • Missions (1769-1833)

      • Ex. Sacramento


Opportunity

Opportunity

  • Trade

    • French

      • Fur trade

    • Dutch

      • Traded with Indians

  • Gold

    • Spain

      • “Lost City of Gold”


Religious conflicts

Religious Conflicts

  • France

    • Huguenots and the French Wars of Religion

      • King Louis XIV stripping them of their rights unless they converted to Roman Catholicism

      • St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

        • Many Huguenot deaths


New immigration

New immigration

Many of the “New Immigrants” came from areas in Eastern Asia in addition to Southern and Eastern Europe.


Poverty

Poverty

  • Employment

    • Southern and Eastern Europe

    • “Gilded Age”

    • Tenements

    • Jacob Riis – “How the Other Half Lives”


Opportunity1

Opportunity

  • Industrial Society that the United States offered

  • Gospel of Wealth

    • Horatio Alger

    • Andrew Carnegie


Religious oppression

Religious Oppression

  • Many of the people in Southern and Eastern Europe were experiencing religious oppression from their governments, which is why they immigrated to the United States


Challenges the immigrants faced

Challenges the Immigrants Faced

  • “Old Immigration”

    • Unfamiliarity with the land

  • “New Immigration”

    • Literacy

    • Discrimination


Old immigration1

“Old Immigration”


Unfamiliarity with the land

Unfamiliarity with the Land

  • Jamestown

    • “Starving time”

  • Roanoke

    • “Lost Colony”


New immigration1

“New Immigration”


Literacy

Literacy

  • Jane Addams

    • Hull House

    • Places in which older immigrants could go to learn English

  • Ethnic Communities

    • Ex. Little Italy, Chinatown

    • Kept with their old cultures, which allowed them to put off learning English


Discrimination

Discrimination

  • Chinese

    • Chinese Exclusion Act

  • Political Machines

    • Boss Tweed’s Tammany Hall

    • Used votes of new immigrants to corrupt American political systems


Globalization s affect on the united states

Globalization's Affect on the United States

  • Job Hunters

    • People are moving around more

  • Threat of opportunity

    • Not as many jobs in the United States

    • Outsourcing/Relocating jobs

  • Increased connectivity

    • Evolution of Telecommunication


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