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Comenius Project: 2014. Immigration into the United States By: Molly Riebling AFNorth International School. Main Reasons for Immigration (18 th and 19 th Centuries). “Old Immigration” Religion Opportunity Political Conflicts “New Immigration” Poverty Opportunity

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Comenius project 2014

Comenius Project: 2014

Immigration into the United States

By: Molly Riebling

AFNorth International School


Main reasons for immigration 18 th and 19 th centuries
Main Reasons for Immigration (18th and 19th Centuries)

  • “Old Immigration”

    • Religion

    • Opportunity

    • Political Conflicts

  • “New Immigration”

    • Poverty

    • Opportunity

    • Religious Oppression



Religion
Religion

  • New England Colonies

    • Puritans vs. Separatists

    • Pilgrims

    • Religious Persecution

  • Middle Colonies

    • Establishment of colonies because of religion

    • Quakers – Pennsylvania; Catholics – Maryland

  • French Immigrants

    • Huguenots: French Protestants who experienced religious persecution in France

  • Spanish Immigrants

    • Missions (1769-1833)

      • Ex. Sacramento


Opportunity
Opportunity

  • Trade

    • French

      • Fur trade

    • Dutch

      • Traded with Indians

  • Gold

    • Spain

      • “Lost City of Gold”


Religious conflicts
Religious Conflicts

  • France

    • Huguenots and the French Wars of Religion

      • King Louis XIV stripping them of their rights unless they converted to Roman Catholicism

      • St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

        • Many Huguenot deaths


New immigration
New immigration

Many of the “New Immigrants” came from areas in Eastern Asia in addition to Southern and Eastern Europe.


Poverty
Poverty

  • Employment

    • Southern and Eastern Europe

    • “Gilded Age”

    • Tenements

    • Jacob Riis – “How the Other Half Lives”


Opportunity1
Opportunity

  • Industrial Society that the United States offered

  • Gospel of Wealth

    • Horatio Alger

    • Andrew Carnegie


Religious oppression
Religious Oppression

  • Many of the people in Southern and Eastern Europe were experiencing religious oppression from their governments, which is why they immigrated to the United States


Challenges the immigrants faced
Challenges the Immigrants Faced

  • “Old Immigration”

    • Unfamiliarity with the land

  • “New Immigration”

    • Literacy

    • Discrimination



Unfamiliarity with the land
Unfamiliarity with the Land

  • Jamestown

    • “Starving time”

  • Roanoke

    • “Lost Colony”



Literacy
Literacy

  • Jane Addams

    • Hull House

    • Places in which older immigrants could go to learn English

  • Ethnic Communities

    • Ex. Little Italy, Chinatown

    • Kept with their old cultures, which allowed them to put off learning English


Discrimination
Discrimination

  • Chinese

    • Chinese Exclusion Act

  • Political Machines

    • Boss Tweed’s Tammany Hall

    • Used votes of new immigrants to corrupt American political systems


Globalization s affect on the united states
Globalization's Affect on the United States

  • Job Hunters

    • People are moving around more

  • Threat of opportunity

    • Not as many jobs in the United States

    • Outsourcing/Relocating jobs

  • Increased connectivity

    • Evolution of Telecommunication


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